Teen Titans

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Teen Titans
Promotional cover art for Teen Titans vol. 3, #50
by Alé Garza.
Shown are Blue Beetle, Ravager, Wonder Girl, Robin, Kid Devil, Miss Martian and Supergirl.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance The Brave and the Bold #60 (June 1965)
Created by Bob Haney
Bruno Premiani
In-story information
Base(s) Titans Tower:
New York City (1980–1991, 1999–Present
Other:
Solar Tower, Metropolis (1997–1998), USS Argus, Earth orbit (1994–1995), Titans Liberty Island Base, New Jersey (1991–1994), Gabriel's Horn, Farmingdale, Long Island (1976), Titans' Lair, Gotham City (1966–1976)
Member(s)
Teen Titans
Red Robin
Wonder Girl
Raven
Beast Boy
Bunker
Roster
See:List of Teen Titans members

The Teen Titans, also known as the New Teen Titans and Titans, is a comic book superhero team who appear in comic books published by DC Comics, often in an eponymous monthly series. As the group's name suggests, its members are teenage superheroes. The theme of teenagers learning to take on adult roles and responsibilities was common throughout the series.

The basis for the creation of the Teen Titans began in The Brave and the Bold #54 (1964) featuring a teamup of Robin (Dick Grayson), Kid Flash (Wally West) and Aqualad (Garth), the sidekicks of Justice League members Batman, the Flash and Aquaman respectively. The team was formed and made its first official appearance under the name of "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60, joined by the 4th original member Wonder Girl (Donna Troy), Wonder Woman's younger sister.[1] Later, Green Arrow's sidekick, Speedy (Roy Harper) replaced Aqualad.

After only modest initial success, the series became a hit in a 1980s revival[2][3] under writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez. In 1980, the team relaunched as The New Teen Titans, aging the characters to young adulthood. Original members Robin, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash were joined by new characters Cyborg, Starfire and Raven, as well as the former Doom Patrol member Beast Boy, as Changeling. The group had several encounters with the original Titans of Greek mythology, particularly Hyperion. The series was re-titled Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41 (April 1984). A second volume was launched in August 1984. Pérez left in 1985 to headline the DC Comics 50th Anniversary limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths. Tales of the Teen Titans was canceled in July 1988 after #91. The New Teen Titans Volume 2 was retitled The New Titans in December 1988 (issue #50) and was ultimately canceled in February 1996 after 130 issues.

The series was relaunched as Teen Titans in October 1996, with all-new members under Atom (Ray Palmer), who had been de-aged to a teenager. This series ended in September 1998 after 24 issues. A three-issue limited series titled JLA/The Titans: The Technis Imperative (December 1998 – February 1999) led to the March 1999 debut of The Titans, a series featuring select Titans from across the group's incarnations that produced 50 issues until April 2003. A new regular series titled Teen Titans began in September 2003, featuring Cyborg, Starfire, Beast Boy and Raven of the 1980s group joined by new teenaged versions of Robin (Tim Drake), Wonder Girl (Cassie Sandsmark) and Kid Flash (Bart Allen), as well as the Superman clone Superboy (Kon-El). By 2006, the team included only the younger members and some new additions. A concurrent series titled Titans debuted in April 2008 featuring some of the original and 1980s members, such as Nightwing, Troia, Flash (Wally West), Tempest, Arsenal, Cyborg, Beast Boy and Raven.

In September 2011, the franchise rebooted again as part of DC's The New 52 event with a new team consisting of Red Robin (Tim Drake), Wonder Girl (Cassie Sandsmark), Kid Flash (Bart Allen), Solstice, Superboy and two new members - Bunker and Skitter.

A Teen Titans animated television series ran on Cartoon Network from July 2003 to January 2006 based on the 1980s team, but differed from the original. The series spawned two comic book titles, Teen Titans Go! and Tiny Titans. The series returned as a series of mini-shorts on the DC Nation block on Cartoon Network.

Publication history[edit]

Teen Titans
The original Teen Titans (Wonder Girl, Aqualad, Robin, Kid Flash). Cover of Showcase #59 (December 1965). Art by Nick Cardy.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Genre
Publication date (vol. 1)
January 1966 – February 1978 [4]
(vol. 2)
October 1996 – September 1998
(vol. 3)
September 2003 – October 2011
(vol. 4)
November 2011 – June 2014
(vol. 5)
September 2014 - Present
Number of issues (vol. 1): 53
(vol. 2): 24
(vol. 3): 100
(vol. 4): 33 (#1-30 plus issues numbered 0, 23.1 and 23.2)
(vol. 5): 2 (as of October 2014 cover date)
Creative team
Writer(s) (vol. 1)
Bob Haney
(vol. 2)
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3)
Geoff Johns
(vol. 4)
Scott Lobdell
Penciller(s) (vol. 1)
Nick Cardy, Gil Kane, Art Saaf, Neal Adams
(vol. 2)
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3)
Mike McKone, Al Barrionuevo, Eddy Barrows, Ed Benes
(vol. 4)
Brett Booth
Creator(s) (vol. 1):
Bob Haney
Nick Cardy
(vol. 2):
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3):
Geoff Johns
Mike McKone
(vol. 4):
Scott Lobdell
Brett Booth

Original incarnation[edit]

Robin (Dick Grayson), Kid Flash (Wally West) and Aqualad teamed up to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister in The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964) by writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani.[5] They appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60 (July 1965), joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl (Donna Troy).[1][6][7] After being featured in Showcase #59 (December 1965), the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 by Haney and artist Nick Cardy.[8]

The series' original premise had the Teen Titans helping teenagers and answering calls. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Haney "took some ribbing for the writing style that described the Teen Titans as 'the Cool Quartet' or 'the Fab Foursome'. The attempt to reach the youth culture then embracing performers like the Beatles and Bob Dylan impressed some observers."[9] Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy makes guest appearances[10][11] before officially joining the team in Teen Titans #19.[12] Aqualad takes a leave of absence from the group in the same issue,[12] but makes several later guest appearances,[13][14] sometimes with girlfriend Aquagirl.[15] Neal Adams was called upon to rewrite and redraw a Teen Titans story which had been written by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. The story, titled "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho!", would have introduced DC's first African American superhero but was rejected by publisher Carmine Infantino.[16] The revised story appeared in Teen Titans #20 (March–April 1969). Wolfman and Gil Kane created an origin for Wonder Girl in Teen Titans #22 (July–Aug. 1969) and introduced her new costume.[17] Psychic Lilith Clay[18] and Mal Duncan also join the group.[19] Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol makes a guest appearance seeking membership, but was rejected as too young at the time;[20] existing heroes Hawk and Dove, a duo of teenaged super powered brothers, appear in issue #21;[21] and time-displaced caveman Gnarrk aids the team in two issues.[22][23]

The series explored events such as inner-city racial tension and protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 (February 1970) saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods.[24] As a result, the Teen Titans briefly abandoned their identities to work as ordinary civilians, but the effort was quickly abandoned. Along the way, Aqualad left the series and the character of Mr. Jupiter, who was Lilith's mentor and employer was introduced. He financially backed the Titans for a brief period. The series was canceled with #43 (January–February 1973).[25]

1970s revival[edit]

Teen Titans #50, with the majority of the Titans of that era.

The series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976).[26] The stories included the introduction of the African-American superheroine Bumblebee,[27] the introduction of the “Titans West” team, consisting of a number of other teen heroes including Bat-Girl (Betty Kane) and Golden Eagle[28] and the introduction of Joker's Daughter in #48. The revival was short-lived and the series was canceled as of #53 (February 1978), that featured an origin story.[29] At the end, they realized that, now in their early 20s, they had outgrown the "Teen" Titans. In the last panel, without speaking, they go their separate ways.

The title appeared again in 1999 for the Teen Titans Annual #1, 1967 issue (ISBN 1-56389-486-6), a one-shot special that reprinted selected Silver Age stories in the 1960s-style 80-Page Giant format. An Annual issue was also published at that time.

The New Teen Titans (1980–1996) [edit]

DC Comics Presents #26 introduced a new team of Titans, anchored by Robin, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash and soon followed by The New Teen Titans #1 (November 1980). The series, created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, re-introduced Beast Boy as Changeling and introduced the machine man Cyborg, the alien Starfire and the dark empath Raven.[30] Raven, an expert manipulator, forms the group to fight her demonic father Trigon the Terrible and the team remains together.

Wolfman and Pérez's working relationship quickly evolved to the point where they were plotting the series jointly. Wolfman recalled that "once George moved to the same town I lived in, only five blocks or so away, we usually got together for lunch and would work out a story over the next few hours. In many cases I would then go home and write up a plot based on it, or sometimes George would take the verbal plotting we did and take it from there."[31]

The team's adversaries included Deathstroke the Terminator,[32] a mercenary who takes a contract to kill the Titans to fulfill a job his son had been unable to complete. This led to perhaps the most notable Titans storyline of the era. 1984's "The Judas Contract," in Tales of the Teen Titans #42-44 and Teen Titans Annual #3[33] featured a psychopathic girl named Terra with the power to manipulate earth and all earth-related materials. She infiltrates the Titans in order to destroy them. "The Judas Contract" won the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for "Favorite Comic Book Story" of 1984,[33] and was later reprinted as a standalone trade paperback in 1988.[34] Robin adopts the identity of Nightwing,[35] while Wally West gives up his Kid Flash persona and quits the Titans. and the introduction of a new member in Jericho, Deathstroke's other son.

Other notable New Teen Titans stories included "A Day in the Lives...",[36] presenting a day in the team members' personal lives; "Who is Donna Troy?",[37] depicting Robin investigating Wonder Girl's origins; and "We Are Gathered Here Today...",[38] telling the story of Wonder Girl's wedding.[citation needed] Tales of the New Teen Titans, a four-part limited series by Wolfman and Pérez, was published in 1982, detailing the back-stories of Cyborg, Raven, Changeling and Starfire.

The New Teen Titans and the Uncanny X-Men[edit]

The New Teen Titans was widely thought of as DC's answer to the increasingly popular Uncanny X-Men from Marvel Comics, as both series featured all-new members and depicted young heroes from disparate backgrounds whose internal conflicts were as integral to the series as was their combat against villains. The two teams met in the 1982 crossover one-shot entitled "Apokolips... Now", which teamed Darkseid, Deathstroke and Dark Phoenix against both teams. The story was written by Chris Claremont and drawn by Walt Simonson and Terry Austin.[39][40]

The New Teen Titans (vol. 2)[edit]

The New Teen Titans relaunched with a new #1 issue in August 1984[41] as part of a new initiative at DC informally referred to as "hardcover/softcover". The New Teen Titans along with Legion of Super-Heroes and Batman and the Outsiders were the first and only titles included in this program. The same stories were published twice, first in a more expensive edition with higher-quality printing and paper distributed exclusively to comic book specialty stores, then republished a year later in the original format, distributed to newsstands. The title was renamed Tales of the Teen Titans, while a new concurrently published series named The New Teen Titans (vol. 2) launched with a new #1. After both titles ran new stories for one year, the former book began reprinting the latter's stories, continuing until the idea was abandoned after #91.

Issue #1 of New Teen Titans (vol. 2) created controversy when Grayson and Starfire were depicted in bed together, although it had been established for some time that they were a couple. The initial storyline, "The Terror of Trigon",[42] featured Raven's demon father attempting to take over Earth and Raven's own struggle to remain good despite Trigon's demonic blood inside her. Pérez left the series after issue #5.[43] José Luis García-López followed Pérez as the title's artist and Eduardo Barreto followed García-López. Paul Levitz scripted and wrote several issues of the Brother Blood saga when Wolfman briefly left. Pérez temporarily returned with issue #50, when the series took the name The New Titans without the "Teen" prefix, as the characters were no longer teenagers.

Issue #50 told a new origin story for Wonder Girl, her link to Wonder Woman having been severed due to retcons created in the aftermath of Crisis on Infinite Earths. Pérez sketched through issues #55, 57 and 60, while only providing layouts for issues #58-59 and 61, with artist Tom Grummett finishing pencils and Bob McLeod as inker. Pérez remained as cover inker to issues #62-67. He would return for the series finale #130 (Feb. 1996) providing cover art. Wolfman and Grummett revitalized the series[44] with new characters and put older characters through radical changes. Members during this time included Phantasm,[45] Pantha[46] and Red Star.[47]

Other new members of the team in the latter part of the run included Impulse,[48] Damage,[48] Green Lantern (Kyle Rayner),[49] Supergirl,[50] Rose Wilson[51] Minion[52] and Baby Wildebeest. As a result, the group that appeared in #130 had little resemblance to earlier lineups.

New Teen Titans
Cover to The New Teen Titans #1 (November 1980). Art by George Pérez and Dick Giordano.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Genre
Publication date The New Teen Titans:
November 1980 – March 1984
Tales of the Teen Titans:
April 1984 – July 1988
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
August 1984 – November 1988
The New Titans:
December 1988 – February 1996
Number of issues The New Teen Titans:
1-40
Tales of the Teen Titans:
41-91
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
1-49
The New Titans:
50-130 plus issue numbered 0
Creative team
Writer(s) Marv Wolfman
Penciller(s) George Pérez
Eduardo Barreto
Tom Grummett
John Byrne
José Luis García-López
Inker(s) Romeo Tanghal
Creator(s) Marv Wolfman
George Pérez

Teen Titans Spotlight On[edit]

Another new title was launched in August 1986, this time to focus less on the team itself than on individual Titans, hence "Spotlight".[53] The series aimed to "put the spotlight on individual members of the Teen Titans, one at a time and let each story dictate how many issues it should run".[54] Most storylines occupied a single issue, after the series launched with a two-part focus on Starfire and a four-issue highlighting of Jericho.[53] One issue focused on another team, the Brotherhood of Evil. The series spanned 21 issues, culminating in a "Spotlight" on the 1960s Teen Titans team as a whole (April 1988).[55]

Team Titans[edit]

Main article: Team Titans

The Team Titans were one of 100 groups sent back through time to prevent the birth of Lord Chaos, the son of Donna Troy and Terry Long. Their mission was to kill the pregnant Troy before she could give birth. Mirage, Killowat, Redwing, Terra, Dagon, Prestor Jon and Battalion made up the team.

Teen Titans (vol. 2, 1996–1998)[edit]

Cover of Teen Titans (vol. 2) #5, featuring the 1996–98 team. Art by Dan Jurgens & George Pérez.

Teen Titans was written and penciled by Dan Jurgens. It began in 1996 with a new #1 (October 1996), with Pérez as inker for the first 15 issues. Atom, who had become a teenager following the events of Zero Hour, leads the brand-new team (of Prysm, Joto, Risk and Argent). Arsenal became a mentor about halfway through. The series ended in September 1998.

A contest was held in the letters pages to determine who would join the team. Robin (Tim Drake), won the vote, but editors on the Batman titles banned his appearance, forcing Jurgens to use Captain Marvel Jr. instead.[citation needed] His inclusion failed to boost sales and the series was then canceled.

Titans (1999–2002)[edit]

The team returned in a three-issue limited series, JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative,[56] featuring nearly every Titan and showcased the return of Cyborg. This led into Titans, written by Devin Grayson,[57] starting with Titans Secret Files #1 (March 1999).

This team consisted of Nightwing, Troia, Arsenal, Tempest, Wally West, Starfire, Cyborg, Changeling, Damage and Argent. One new member, Jesse Quick, joined. This team lasted until issue #50 (2002). The West Coast branch of the team, Titans L.A., appeared once, in the pages of Titans Secret Files #2.

Between Teen Titans and Titans, a new generation of young heroes formed a team in Young Justice, consisting of Superboy, Robin, Impulse, Wonder Girl, Secret and Arrowette. The two series concluded with the three-issue limited series Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day, which led to two new series: Teen Titans and Outsiders.

Teen Titans (vol. 3, 2003–2011)[edit]

Cover to Teen Titans vol. 3, #1 (July 2003). Art by Mike McKone.

Writer Geoff Johns' Teen Titans series began in 2003.[58] Most of the members had been part of Young Justice. Johns wrote the book for forty-five issues. Adam Beechen then wrote four issues from #46 to #49. Sean McKeever wrote from #50 through #71.[59][60] Following McKeever, Bryan Q. Miller wrote issues #72-74, followed by Felicia Henderson.

The series’ original lineup parallels the lineup of Marv Wolfman's New Teen Titans series: Cyborg, Starfire and Beast Boy return, joined by Robin, Superboy, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash. Johns was unable to use Static due to legal issues.[61] Raven re-joins the team in issue #12 and the new Speedy joins the team in Green Arrow #46, first appearing in the Titans book in issue #21. Starfire left for the Outsiders. During the “Insiders” crossover with The Outsiders (issues #24–25), Superboy comes under Lex Luthor's control and attacks the team, afterwards taking a leave of absence that ends during Infinite Crisis. The team would rebuilt the titans tower again by cyborg back in the Hudson River. The new Titans Tower has a memorial hall with statues of the fallen Titans.

One Year Later: The new Teen Titans[edit]

Main article: One Year Later

One year after Infinite Crisis, Robin has returned to the Teen Titans while Wonder Girl has quit to fight the Brotherhood of Evil, Starfire is missing in action after going into space, Raven's whereabouts are unknown and Beast Boy has left to join the new Doom Patrol along with Bumblebee and Herald (now called Vox). Speedy is on an island with Connor Hawke. Kid Flash becomes the fourth Flash. Cyborg is damaged and has been inactive since his return from space, but 16-year-old genius twins Wendy and Marvin, repair him, giving him new abilities. New members include Kid Devil and Ravager.

During the lost year, at least 24[62] new members joined the team. Without proper leadership the new members were unable to work together.

Robin, Kid Devil and Ravager reform the Teen Titans along with Wonder Girl, Cyborg, Raven, Miss Martian and a resurrected Jericho.[63] Robin tells Wonder Girl that he believes Raven could bring Superboy back to life, as she did with Jericho.[64] Raven reveals that she cannot because Conner's soul has moved on.[65] A memorial to Superboy is erected outside Titans Tower. Unknown to the other Titans, Robin has secretly been attempting to clone Superboy, making nearly 100 failed attempts.

The Titans face a group calling themselves "Titans East" led by Deathstroke. The team includes Risk, Sun Girl, Batgirl, Kid Crusader, Match, Inertia, Duela Dent and Enigma.[66] Deathstroke manipulates Titans East by blackmailing Risk, drugging Batgirl and giving Inertia "Velocity 9", a drug which allows super-speed without adverse effects. Robin cures Batgirl and she, along with Duela Dent, defeats Deathstroke's team.

Soon after, events related to the Countdown story arc impact the Titans. Duela Dent and Bart Allen are killed. Cyborg leaves, Supergirl joins and Blue Beetle is invited to train.

The Titans Tomorrow return, allied with Lex Luthor, to alter the present to fit their future. During the fight, Miss Martian's future self reveals the rationale behind the Sinestro Corps and their war to subjugate the universe. The vision spurs Miss Martian to free Robin, who again confronts his future self, Batman. Cassie intervenes and changes the future by kissing Robin, causing the future versions to fade away. The Titans then join the fight against the Sinestro Corps.

After the encounter with future selves, Supergirl quits. Cassie and Tim begin a relationship, while Kid Devil pines for Rose. Miss Martian finds that her mind was implanted with a piece of her future demented psyche. Kid Devil is left in Titans Tower alone and throws a massive party for local Titans fans, which leads to him being captured by Dreadbolt.

Later Ravager and the twins are attacked inside the tower by Persuader and Copperhead, who are being directed by the Clock King. Disruptor is sent to capture Miss Martian. Clock King's group is the Terror Titans. He intends to sell his captives to the "Dark Side Club"[67] to fight in the combat arena. M'gann frees Kid Devil from Clock King. Robin, Wonder Girl and Blue Beetle help defeat the Terror Titans. Following the attack, Kid Devil sets out to capture Shockwave and is helped by Blue Beetle. Although they argue the whole time, they eventually stop Shockwave. After the battle Eddie takes the name Red Devil, along with a new costume. Miss Martian suddenly leaves the team assuring them she'd return.

After the Batman R.I.P storyline, Robin leaves and Wonder Girl leads the team. Red Devil loses his powers after Brother Blood absorbs them. Miss Martian returns with several teen heroes liberated from the Dark Side Club. A new team is formed: Wonder Girl, Blue Beetle and the now powerless Red Devil are joined by Kid Eternity and Static, with Aquagirl, Miss Martian and Bombshell signing up.[68][69] In Teen Titans #74, Red Devil is killed and Kid Eternity is kidnapped by the Calculator.

During the events of the Blackest Night crossover, some dead Titans are resurrected as members of the Black Lantern Corps. Static, Miss Martian, Blue Beetle, Raven, Bombshell and Aquagirl all have the day off, so an emergency team consisting of Donna Troy, Cyborg, Wonder Girl, Starfire, Beast Boy, Kid Flash and the new Hawk and Dove, is formed to defend the Tower. In the ensuing battle, Hawk is killed after her predecessor Hank Hall tears her heart out.

Starting in the May 2010 issue, a new back-up feature called The Coven began running, featuring Black Alice, Zachary Zatara and Traci 13.[70]

In #83 Blue Beetle leaves to visit his mother and is drafted into the new Justice League International during the events of Justice League: Generation Lost. Kid Eternity is revealed to have been beaten to death by the Calculator.

J. T. Krul became the writer with issue #88 and penciller Nicola Scott became the book's artist. The issue's teaser shows a line-up of Superboy, Wonder Girl, Raven, Beast Boy, Kid Flash and Ravager. The Titans undergo this roster change in issue #87, the final issue before Krul's run. Following a mission to an alternate dimension to rescue Raven, the team splits. Bombshell and Aquagirl are missing in action, Miss Martian is in a coma and she and a powerless Static leaves with Cyborg to go to Cadmus Labs in order to find a way to restore his powers.

Damian Wayne, the current Robin, is announced as a new team member,[71] officially joining in #89. A series for Static was announced.[72] In January 2011, new Titan Solstice debuted in the January 2011 Wonder Girl one-shot. She entered the main Teen Titans title following the crossover with the Red Robin series.[73] During the crossover, Tim asks the Titans for help in tracking down the Calculator after he tries to kill his friend Tam Fox Tim rejoins the team as Red Robin (rather than Robin). Following this, Damian quits the team.[74]

The book concluded with a three-part storyline spanning issues 98 to 100, which saw Superboy-Prime return to destroy the team. A large group of former Titans arrived and the series ultimately ended with Prime trapped in the Source Wall, seemingly for eternity. The remainder of the issue consisted of pieces of artwork showcasing the various Teen Titans who appeared in that incarnation of the title, contributed by various DC artists.

Titans (vol. 2, 2008–2011)[edit]

Titans (vol. 2)
Cover for Titans #1 (2008). Art by Ethan Van Sciver.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Genre
Publication date April 2008 – October 2011
Number of issues 38
Creative team
Writer(s) Judd Winick
Sean McKeever
J. T. Krul
Eric Wallace
Penciller(s) Ian Churchill
Joe Benitez
Julian Lopez
Howard Porter
Fabrizio Fiorentino
Inker(s) Norm Rapmund
Creator(s) Judd Winick
Ian Churchill

A second ongoing Teen Titans series, titled Titans, launched in April 2008, written by Judd Winick.[75] Issue one was drawn by Ian Churchill and Norm Rapmund, issue 2 by Joe Benitez and Victor Llamas. The opening storyline follows the events of the Teen Titans East Special one-shot released in November 2007, revealing that Cyborg's team survived the attack, except Power Boy, dead after being impaled. The team's new line up consists of former New Teen Titans Nightwing, Wally West, Donna Troy, Beast Boy, Raven, Cyborg, Red Arrow and Starfire.[76]

In the series' first story, Trigon makes a series of attacks on every member, former or current, of the Teen Titans and Trigon has "another child" that, unlike Raven, will assist him in his attack. After reclaiming Titans Island and establishing a headquarters on the East River, Cyborg sets out to create an East Coast Titans team. However, during a training session, the team was massacred by an unseen force. Though Cyborg survives, Titans' members past and present are attacked by demonic entities across the globe. Raven, sensing Trigon's presence once again, calls upon her former Titans allies to defeat her fiendish father.

After rescuing several Titans and questioning Trigon himself, the Titans learn that Trigon's three children have prepared his second invasion for him. Raven's three grown half brothers — Jacob, Jared and Jesse are responsible. Working as a team, the Titans thwart the Sons of Trigon and stop Trigon's invasion plan. Following this adventure, Raven chooses her adopted family over her biological family, Red Arrow decided to join his former teammates (although both he and Flash retain their JLA membership) and the Titans were back together as a team.

Following this, the team settles at Titans Tower (the New York base), to recover from the events. While Dick and Kory attempt to make a decision on where their relationship will lead, Raven and Beast Boy go out on a "not-a-date". During this, Raven reveals that since she faced her brothers, she has begun to feel as if she is losing control and slipping back under her father's influence. Although Beast Boy rejects the idea, he is unexpectedly blind-sided as Raven gives in to her darker side, under the influence of her half-brother's coaxing. Using her teleporting powers, she and the sons of Trigon vanish, leaving a distraught Beast Boy to warn the others. Using a gemstone that carries Raven's pure essence within it, the Titans free Raven of her father's evil. As a result, Raven leaves each Titan with an amulet that can be used to cleanse any evil influence from her body.

Following this, Jericho arrives, frantically asking for help to separate himself from Match's body. Jericho has turned renegade again and fights the Titans. He is under the control of the numerous people that he has taken command of over the years. Nightwing resigns from the Titans due to his new responsibilities in Gotham.

Brightest Day: Titans - Villains for Hire[edit]

Main article: Brightest Day
Promotional image for Titans: Villains for Hire Special, featuring the team. Art by Fabrizio Fiorentino.

A Comic-Con announcement stated that Cyborg, Donna Troy and Starfire were leaving the team to pursue the JLA. Red Arrow, with his daughter Lian, has already relocated and is no longer involved with the Titans, but he got a spotlight in issue #23 after what happens to him in Justice League: Cry for Justice #5. After a series of spotlight issues[77][78] Final Crisis Aftermath: INK writer-artist creative team Eric Wallace and Fabrizio Fiorentino took over. Deathstroke took over the team with Tattooed Man and Cheshire.[79]

One of the new members included Carla Monetti a.k.a Cinder, a young redheaded woman with the ability to manipulate fire. Osiris, a member during the One Year Later gap, who had been brought back to life after the events of Blackest Night, was returned as a member. The final issue of the limited series, Justice League: The Rise of Arsenal ended with an advertisement stating that Arsenal's storyline would continue.

The team debuted in the one-shot, Titans: Villains for Hire, where they are hired to assassinate Ryan Choi (Atom) in his home in Ivy Town. The issue quickly became the subject of controversy due to Choi's violent death. Allegations of racial insensitivity dogged DC over the decision to kill off a relatively high profile Asian character.[80]

Following the one-shot, in the team's inaugural storyline they were hired to assassinate Lex Luthor following the events of War of the Supermen. This is revealed to be a ruse set up by Luthor and Deathstroke to draw out the real assassin, a shape-shifter named "Facade", who had apparently killed and impersonated a woman on Luthor's security detail.

Following several adventures, the Titans are confronted by Ray Palmer and the Justice League for their hand in Ryan's murder. The Titans are nearly defeated, but manage to escape thanks to an intervention from the newly resurrected Isis.[81] Following the battle with the Justice League, Titans concluded with a two-part storyline which saw Jericho's return. The series ended with Arsenal battling Slade for control of the team and the Titans ultimately disbanding and Arsenal taking Jericho under his wing, leaving Slade alone once again.[82]

The New 52 (Teen Titans vol. 4, 2011-2014 and Teen Titans vol.5, 2014-present)[edit]

Main article: The New 52
Cover for Teen Titans, vol. 4, #1 (November 2011). Art by Brett Booth and Norm Rapmund.

DC Comics relaunched Teen Titans with issue #1 (cover dated November 2011) as part of DC's New 52 event, written by Scott Lobdell with former Justice League artist Brett Booth providing interiors. Lobdell stated a desire to create a more diverse Titans roster, drawing parallels to the non-white teenagers he created during his run on the Generation X title at Marvel Comics. In keeping with that goal, three of the seven Titans are people of color.[83]

The roster included Red Robin, Kid Flash, Superboy, Wonder Girl, Solstice and two new characters; Skitter, formerly known as 'Bugg', an African-American girl with insect-themed powers[84] and Bunker, a Mexican teenager named Miguel Barragan who can create force fields. Miguel is also gay, making him the first homosexual member of the Teen Titans since Hero Cruz, who was a member of the short-lived Titans L.A. team for one issue.[85] Former Titans Static and Blue Beetle were each given their own titles.[86][87]

The series concluded with issue 30 along with a third annual in April 2014.,[88] however the series was relaunched in July with a new issue 1. Returning characters include Red Robin, Bunker, Wonder Girl, Raven, and a green Beast Boy due to the controversies of before. [89]

Collected editions[edit]

Silver Age Teen Titans[edit]

Title Material collected Pages ISBN
Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 1 The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Showcase #59
Teen Titans #1–18
528 1-4012-0788-X
Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 2 Teen Titans #19–36
The Brave and the Bold #83, #94
World's Finest Comics #205
512 1-4012-1252-2
The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives, Vol. 1 The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Showcase #59
Teen Titans #1–5
203 1-4012-0071-0
The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives, Vol. 2 The Brave and the Bold #83
Teen Titans #6–20
400 978-1401241056
DC Universe Illustrated by Neal Adams Vol. 1 includes Teen Titans #20-22 192 1401219179
Giant Teen Titans Annual #1 (1967 issue, published 1999) Showcase #59
Teen Titans #4
The Flash #164
Wonder Woman #144
80 1-5638-9486-6

New Teen Titans[edit]

Hardcovers Material collected Pages ISBN
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 1 DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–8
230 1-5638-9485-8
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 2 The New Teen Titans #9–16
Best of DC (Blue Ribbon Digest) #18
240 1-5638-9951-5
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 3 The New Teen Titans #17–20
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
228 1-4012-1144-5
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 4 The New Teen Titans #21–27, Annual #1 224 1-4012-1959-4
The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 1 DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–20
Best of DC (Blue Ribbon Digest) #18
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
684 140123108X
The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 2 The New Teen Titans #21–37, #39-40,
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44,
Annual #1-3
736 1401234291
The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 3 The New Teen Titans #38,
Tales of the Teen Titans #45–50,
The New Teen Titans Vol. 2 #1-6,
New Titans #50-61, #66-67 and Secret Origins Annual #3
792 1-4012-3845-9
Trade Paperbacks Material collected Pages ISBN
Terra Incognito The New Teen Titans #28–34, select pages from #26, Annual #2 224 1-4012-0972-6
The Judas Contract The New Teen Titans #39–40
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44, Annual #3
192 0-9302-8934-X
The Terror of Trigon The New Teen Titans Vol. 2, #1–5 134 1-5638-9944-2
Who is Donna Troy? The New Teen Titans #38
Tales of the Teen Titans #50
The New Titans #50-54, select pages from #55
"Who Was Donna Troy?" back-up story from Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
224 1-4012-0724-3

The Titans[edit]

Title Material collected Pages ISBN
JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative JLA/Titans #1–3
Titans Secret Files #1
144 1-5638-9563-3
Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3
(see also The Death and Return of Donna Troy below)
55 1-4012-0176-8

Teen Titans (2003–2011)[edit]

Note: Issues #27-28, penciled by artist Rob Liefeld and written by Gail Simone, are not collected in any of the trade paperbacks and were reprinted in DC Comics Presents: Brightest Day #3 (Feb. 2011), which also included Legends of the DC Universe #26-27 (tying in with characters spotlighted in Brightest Day). Issues #48-49, which tie in with the "Amazons Attack" Wonder Woman story, are likewise not collected in a trade paperback.

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 A Kid's Game Teen Titans Vol. 3 #1–7
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
192 978-1401203085
2 Family Lost Teen Titans Vol. 3 #8–12, #½ 136 978-1401202385
3 Beast Boys and Girls Beast Boy #1–4 (1999 limited series)
Teen Titans Vol. 3 #13–15
168 978-1401204594
4 The Future is Now Teen Titans/Legion Special #1
Teen Titans Vol. 3 #16–23
224 978-1401204754
Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Insiders Teen Titans Vol. 3 #24–26
Outsiders Vol. 3, #24–25, #28
144 978-1401209261
Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Death and Return of Donna Troy Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy #1–4
176 1-4012-0931-9
5 Life and Death Teen Titans Vol. 3 #29–33, Annual Vol. 3 #1
Robin Vol. 4 #146–147
Infinite Crisis #5–6
208 978-1401209780
6 Titans Around the World Teen Titans Vol. 3 #34–41 192 978-1401212179
7 Titans East Teen Titans Vol. 3 #42–47 144 978-1401214470
8 Titans of Tomorrow Teen Titans Vol. 3 #50–54 144 978-1401218072
9 On the Clock Teen Titans Vol. 3, #55–61 160 978-1401219710
10 Changing of the Guard Teen Titans Vol. 3 #62–69 192 978-1401223090
11 Deathtrap Teen Titans Vol. 3 #70, Annual 2009
Titans Vol. 2 #12–13
Vigilante Vol. 3 #5–6
192 978-1401225094
12 Child's Play Teen Titans Vol. 3 #71–78 208 978-1401226411
13 Hunt for Raven Teen Titans Vol. 3 #79–87 208 978-1401230388
14 Team Building Teen Titans Vol. 3 #88-92, Red Robin #20, Wonder Girl Vol. 2 #1 168 978-1401232566
15 Prime of Life Teen Titans Vol. 3 #93-100 200 978-1401234249
N/A Ravager - Fresh Hell Backups stories from Teen Titans Vol. 3 72-75, 78-82 144 978-1401229191

Titans (2008–2011)[edit]

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 Old Friends Titans East Special #1
Titans Vol. 2 #1–6
200 1-4012-1991-8
2 Lockdown Titans Vol. 2 #7–11 128 1-4012-2476-8
3 Fractured Titans Vol. 2 #14, #16–22 192 1-4012-2776-7
4 Villains for Hire Titans: Villains for Hire Special #1
Titans Vol. 2 #24–27
160 1-4012-3048-2
5 Family Reunion Titans Vol. 2 #28-32, Shazam! #1 144 978-1401232931
6 Broken Promises (Cancelled) Titans Vol. 2 #33-38, Annual Vol. 2 #1 176 978-1401233600

The New 52 Teen Titans (2011-2014)[edit]

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 It's Our Right to Fight Teen Titans Vol. 4 #1-7 168 978-1401236984
The Culling: Rise of the Ravagers Teen Titans Vol. 4 #8-9, Annual #1
Legion Lost Vol. 2 #8-9
Superboy Vol. 6 #8-9
176 978-1401237998
2 The Culling Teen Titans Vol. 4, #8-14, DC Universe Presents #12: Kid Flash 192 978-1401241032
3 Death of the Family Teen Titans Vol. 4 #0, #15-17, Batman #17, Red Hood and the Outlaws #16 160 978-1401243210
4 Light and Dark Teen Titans Vol. 4, #18-23 144 978-1401246242

Smallville: Titans[edit]

Bryan Q. Miller created a series titled Smallville Titans which features Conner Kent/Superboy, Speedy, Blue Beetle, Miss Martian & Zan and Jayna as students at Jay Garrick's school for the "gifted".[90]

In other media[edit]

Animation[edit]

The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967–1968)[edit]

The Filmation adaptation of the Teen Titans.

The team's first animated appearance was in Teen Titans segments of the 1967 Filmation series - The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure, featuring Speedy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl and Aqualad. They are voiced by Pat Harrington, Jr., Tommy Cook, Julie Bennett and Jerry Dexter.

New Teen Titans (1983)[edit]

In 1983, Hanna-Barbera created an animated version of The New Teen Titans which was ultimately not picked up by ABC.

Anti-drug commercial (1984)[edit]

Wonder Girl, Starfire, Raven, Cyborg, Beast Boy, Kid Flash and Protector (temporarily replacing Robin) appeared on a 1984 Keebler anti-drug commercial.[91]

Teen Titans (2003–2006)[edit]

The Teen Titans from the 2003–2006 animated series.

A Teen Titans animated series ran on Cartoon Network and The WB from July 19, 2003, to January 16, 2006. Drawn in an anime-style, the show featured a 1980s-era lineup composed of Robin, Starfire, Beast Boy, Raven and Cyborg as teenagers, voiced respectively by Scott Menville, Hynden Walch, Greg Cipes, Tara Strong and Khary Payton. The series adapted some Wolfman/Pérez storylines (including "The Judas Contract" and "The Terror of Trigon") and featured versions of many other Titans characters, including Aqualad, Speedy, Slade, Bumblebee and Terra. The show generally developed new stories and introduced new characters.

Each of the five seasons featured a main story arc, as well as stand-alone episodes. Season 1 focused on Robin's search for the line between right and wrong, tested by the lengths to which he goes in his obsession with Slade. Season 2 is based on "The Judas Contract"; the Titans meet Terra, a well-meaning but confused girl who repeatedly struggles with self-control. Beast Boy and Terra become romantically intwined and go on a wonderful date. She betrays the Titans for Slade but later turns on him. Season 3 features Cyborg's struggle to appreciate his own humanity, despite occupying a mostly robotic body. He undergoes numerous ordeals to 'become his own man', including conflicts with Brother Blood and the Hive, as well as temporarily leading the Titans East. Season 4, an adaptation of "The Terror of Trigon", addresses Raven's struggle to control her own fate. She ushers the demon Trigon into the Titans' dimension, but is supported by her friends and ultimately manages to undo the end of the world. In season 5, the Teen Titans come against the "Brotherhood of Evil", composed of beast boy's past enemies. The final few episodes see Beast Boy develop courage and leadership, rallying the remaining teen heroes from around the world and organizing a last-ditch strike on the Brotherhood of Evil. After the show's completion, the movie Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo premiered on Kids' WB! on September 16, 2006. There were some indications throughout the show that Robin and Starfire were interested in each other romantically and they finally kiss at the end of the movie.

The series spawned a related comic book, Teen Titans Go! and three video games.

Teen Titans: The Judas Contract[edit]

At the San Diego Comic-Con International in 2006, a Judas Contract animated movie was announced. Marv Wolfman and George Pérez, creators of The New Teen Titans, were assigned to work on the direct-to-DVD movie. The film was cancelled due to a lack of a "broad fanbase appeal".[92]

Justice League: The New Frontier (2008)[edit]

The Titans appear in a brief background cameo during the closing JFK speech in the 2008 animated film Justice League: The New Frontier.

Young Justice (2010–2013)[edit]

In November 2010, the Young Justice animated television series was launched, featuring teenaged superhero sidekicks who are members of a fictional covert operation team working under the authority of the Justice League. Despite its title, the show is not an adaptation of the Young Justice comic series, but rather, an adaptation of the entire DC Universe with a focus on young superheroes.[93][94]

The television series is based on a cross between the Teen Titans and Young Justice franchises,[93] drawing influences from 1960s Teen Titans run and the 1990s Young Justice run in addition to recent Teen Titans comics.[94] The line-up reflects the variety of sources on which the show is based: Superboy, Robin, Wally West as Kid Flash, Miss Martian, Artemis and Kaldur'ahm as Aqualad. Later in the first season, the team adds Zatanna, Rocket and Red Arrow to its roster. In the show's second season, the Cassandra Sandsmark version of Wonder Girl, the Tim Drake version of Robin, Beast Boy, the Barbara Gordon version of Batgirl, Bumblebee, the Jamie Reyes version of Blue Beetle and Mal Duncan joined the team.

DC Nation (2012)[edit]

During the premiere of Green Lantern: The Animated Series on Cartoon Network, a new block of animation with the Green Lantern and Young Justice shows alongside the DC Nation Shorts was announced for 2012. One of these shorts on DC Nation Shorts previewed was a Chibi-version of the Teen Titans using the art style and voice actors of the Teen Titans TV series. Formerly known as the New Teen Titans, the principal cast members reprised their roles as the lead Titans.

Teen Titans Go! (2013–Present)[edit]

After a test run with DC Nation's New Teen Titans shorts, a new full-length series called Teen Titans Go! premiered in 2013 on Cartoon Network, with the voice actors from the original Teen Titans animated series reprising their roles. This series takes a humorous look at the Titans' day-to-day lives when they are not fighting crime.

Mad (2010)[edit]

In season 2 of MAD, Cyborg appeared in a contest and in the next episode, the Teen Titans (Robin, Raven, Cyborg, Beast Boy, Starfire, Blue Beetle, Superboy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl and Aqualad) get spoofed along with Titanic.

Live-action television[edit]

TNT has ordered a pilot for a live-action TV series based on the Teen Titans called Titans, about Dick Grayson emerging from Batman's shadow to become Nightwing, the leader of a band of heroes including Starfire and Raven. The pilot was written by Akiva Goldsman and Marc Haimes.[95][96]

Video games[edit]

Artificial Mind and Movement developed two Teen Titans games based on the 2003 animated series. The first game was released on the Game Boy Advance platform in 2005, and the second Teen Titans game was released in 2006 for the PlayStation 2, Xbox and GameCube.

The Teen Titans appear in DC Universe Online.

Teen Titans members Nightwing (Dick Grayson), Raven and Cyborg are playable in Injustice: Gods Among Us. In Green Lantern's chapter, they are referenced by the alternate Cyborg and Raven as they torture the alternate Deathstroke where it was mentioned that most of their fellow Teen Titans members died in Metropolis five years ago. There is also a DLC including alternate skins for Cyborg, Raven and Deathstroke available that are based on their designs for their first appearances in the Teen Titans comic series. Also, in Deathstroke's ending, a clan of assassins formed by him is named after the New Titans.

Cultural references[edit]

In a skit during the Robot Chicken episode "Vegetable Funfest", the animated series Titans (Robin, Starfire, Cyborg, Beast Boy and Raven) are out-matched by a giant tentacled monster and they allow two new "heroes" to join their ranks - Beavis and Butt-head. In "They Took My Thumbs", the original Titans line-up (Robin, Wonder Girl, Speedy, Kid Flash and Aqualad) join their mentors on the Justice League's satellite headquarters for "Bring Your Sidekick to Work Day". Various hijinks ensue such as Speedy shooting an arrow from the Justice League satellite and Kid Flash ripping off Wonder Woman's outfit. At the end, the kids are teleported and immolated in a lava pit on another planet. The older heroes blame Martian Manhunter (who they suspected of being jealous of them for having sidekicks), but he blames his "invisible sidekick' Martian Boyhunter for the sabotage. As they all jump on Martian Manhunter to beat him up, back at the teleportation console Martian Boyhunter materializes, snickering to himself at the mischief he created.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wonder Girl refers to Wonder Woman's mother, Queen Hippolyta, as "Mother" in her first two appearances, The Brave and the Bold #60 and Showcase #59.
  2. ^ MacDonald, Heidi D. (October 1982). "DC's Titanic Success". The Comics Journal (76): 46–51. 
  3. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Taschen America. p. 454. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6. "[Marv Wolfman and George Pérez] created a title that would be DC's sales leader throughout the 1980s." 
  4. ^ Teen Titans (1976) at the Grand Comics Database
  5. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "They were never given a team name when scribe Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani spun them against Mister Twister. However, this first team-up of Robin, Kid Flash and Aqualad came to be classically regarded as the inaugural story of the Teen Titans." 
  6. ^ The name "Wonder Girl" itself had been regularly used for a variety of flashback tales of Wonder Woman's childhood exploits.
  7. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 115: "Writer Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy added another member to the ranks of the newly formed Teen Titans: Wonder Girl."
  8. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 116: "The Teen Titans earned their own series after successful tryouts in both The Brave and the Bold and Showcase. Scribe Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy promptly dispatched Robin, Aqualad, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash...as the newest members of the Peace Corps."
  9. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). "Teen Titans Assistants Earn a Promotion". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. Bulfinch. p. 134. ISBN 0821220764. 
  10. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Secret Olympic Heroes" Teen Titans 4 (July–August 1966)
  11. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Novick, Irv (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Monster Bait!" Teen Titans 11 (September–October 1967)
  12. ^ a b Friedrich, Mike (w), Kane, Gil (p), Wood, Wally (i). "Stepping Stones for a Giant Killer!" Teen Titans 19 (January–February 1969)
  13. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Blindspot" Teen Titans 28 (July–August 1970)
  14. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Captives!" Teen Titans 29 (September–October 1970)
  15. ^ Skeates, Steves (w), Infantino, Carmine (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Some Call it Noise" Teen Titans 30 (November–December 1970)
  16. ^ Cronin, Brian (2009). Was Superman a Spy?: And Other Comic Book Legends Revealed. Plume. ISBN 9780452295322. 
  17. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 134: "Four years after the debut of Wonder Girl, writer Marv Wolfman and artist Gil Kane disclosed her origins."
  18. ^ Kanigher, Robert (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Titans Kill a Saint" Teen Titans 26 (January–February 1970)
  19. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 139: "The inaugural adventure of the non-powered non-costumed Teen Titans introduced one of DC's first African-American heroes, Mal Duncan. Written by Robert Kanigher, with stellar artwork from Nick Cardy..."
  20. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Molno, Bill (p), Trapani, Sal (i). "The Fifth Titan" Teen Titans 6 (November–December 1966)
  21. ^ Adams, Neal (w), Adams, Neal (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Citadel of Fear" Teen Titans 21 (May–June 1969)
  22. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "A Mystical Realm, A World Gone Mad" Teen Titans 32 (March–April 1971)
  23. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Tuska, George (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Awake, Barbaric Titan" Teen Titans 39 (May–June 1972)
  24. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 138: "Tragedy initiated a new era for the Teen Titans as told by scribe Robert Kanigher and artist Nick Cardy."
  25. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Saaf, Art (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Inherit the Howling Night!" Teen Titans 43 (January–February 1973)
  26. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "More than three years since Teen Titans was canceled, writers Paul Levitz and Bob Rozakis, with artist Pablo Marcos, revived the series."
  27. ^ Rozakis, Bob (w), Delbo, Jose (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "Daddy's Little Crimefighter" Teen Titans 48 (June 1977)
  28. ^ Franklin, Chris (July 2013). "Go West, Young Heroes: The Teen Titans in La-La Land". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (65): 56–58. 
  29. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 176: "The team's untold origin...was vividly transcribed by writer Bob Rozakis and artist Juan Ortiz."
  30. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 188: "[The New Teen Titans] went on to become DC's most popular comic team of its day. Not only the springboard for the following month's The New Teen Titans #1, the preview's momentous story also featured the first appearance of future DC mainstays Cyborg, Starfire and Raven."
  31. ^ Nickerson, Al (August 2006). "Who is Donna Troy?". Back Issue (17) (TwoMorrows Publishing). pp. 64–66. 
  32. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 189: "Debuting in the shadows of the cover to the team's second issue, written by Marv Wolfman and meticulously illustrated by artist George Pérez, Deathstroke was...asked to kill the Teen Titans."
  33. ^ a b "Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards Archives". CBGextra.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  34. ^ Wolfman, Marv; Pérez, George (1988). The New Teen Titans: The Judas Contract. DC Comics. p. 192. ISBN 0-930289-34-X. 
  35. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "There Shall Come a Titan (The Judas Contract book 3)" Tales of the Teen Titans 44 (July 1984)
  36. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "A Day in the Lives..." The New Teen Titans 8 (June 1981)
  37. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Who Is Donna Troy?" The New Teen Titans 38 (January 1984)
  38. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "We Are Gathered Here Today..." Tales of the Teen Titans 50 (February 1985)
  39. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 199: "The issue, written by longtime X-Men scribe Chris Claremont and drawn by Walter Simonson [was]...one of the most well-received crossovers of its time - or of any time for that matter - the team-up was a huge success."
  40. ^ Brown, Jonathan (August 2013). "The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans: The Breakfast Club of the Comics Crossover". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (66): 65–68. 
  41. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 209: "As one of DC's most popular team books, The New Teen Titans was a natural choice to receive the deluxe paper quality and higher price point of the new Baxter format. With the regular newsstand title having already changed its name to Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41, the path was clear for a new comic to once again be titled The New Teen Titans. Featuring the trademark writing of Marv Wolfman and the art of George Pérez, this second incarnation was a success from the start, providing readers with the perfect blend of high-quality paper with high-quality storytelling."
  42. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "Shadows in the Dark!" The New Teen Titans v2, 1 (August 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "The Search for Raven" The New Teen Titans v2, 2 (October 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Souls as White as Heaven..." The New Teen Titans v2, 3 (November 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "--Torment!" The New Teen Titans v2, 4 (January 1985)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "The Terror of Trigon!" The New Teen Titans v2, 5 (February 1985)
  43. ^ "George Pérez signs contract with DC, Takes leave of absence from Titans". The Comics Journal (92): 16. August 1984. 
  44. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 249: "Writer Marv Wolfman had revitalized the Titans franchise yet again, with the help of his new creative partner, artist Tom Grummett."
  45. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "Paradise Lost" The New Titans 73 (February 1991)
  46. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "When Pantha Strikes" The New Titans 74 (March 1991)
  47. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "Red Star Rising" The New Titans 77 (June 1991)
  48. ^ a b Wolfman, Marv (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Collazo, Hector; Candelario, Harry; Champagne, Keith (i). "The Changing Order" The New Titans 0 (October 1994)
  49. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Champagne, Keith; Rankin, Rich (i). "Psimon Psays... Die!" The New Titans 116 (December 1994)
  50. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Rosado, William (p), Champagne, Keith; Rankin, Rich (i). "Forever Evil, Part III of III: Demonsoul" The New Titans 121 (May 1995)
  51. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Harris, Finn (p), Harris, Finn (i). "Syndicate Rites!" The New Titans 122 (June 1995)
  52. ^ Wolfman, Marv; Friedman, Michael Jan (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Rankin, Rich (i). "Salvation" The New Titans 123 (July 1995)
  53. ^ a b Teen Titans Spotlight at the Grand Comics Database
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  55. ^ Lofficier, Jean-Marc; Lofficier, Randy (w), Orlando, Joe (p), Patterson, Bruce (i). "The Brotherhood is Dead" Teen Titans Spotlight On 11 (June 1987)
  56. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 285: "Writer Devin Grayson and artist/co-plotter Phil Jimenez revived another stalled DC property in the JLA/Titans miniseries."
  57. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 287: "Writer Devin Grayson, alongside artist Mark Buckingham, relaunched the Titans in a new ongoing series."
  58. ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 310: "None [of the Teen Titans series] had reached the heights of the Marv Wolfman and George Pérez era until writer Geoff Johns and artist Mike McKone's relaunch."
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