Teenage Dream (Katy Perry song)

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"Teenage Dream"
Upper bust of a purple-haired woman staring at the upper left of the picture. She is standing in front of a blurred multicolored painting. In the upper left, the words "Teenage Dream" are written in neon light blue letters inside a neon pink sign. Below her neck, the words "Katy Perry" are written in candy-like pink letters.
Single by Katy Perry
from the album Teenage Dream
Released July 23, 2010
Format
Recorded 2009 at Conway Recording Studios, (Hollywood, California);
Playback Recording Studios
(Santa Barbara, California)
Genre
Length 3:47
Label Capitol
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
Certification see below
Katy Perry singles chronology
"California Gurls"
(2010)
"Teenage Dream"
(2010)
"Firework"
(2010)
Music video
"Teenage Dream" on YouTube

"Teenage Dream" is a song by American recording artist Katy Perry. It was released as the second single from her third studio album of the same name on July 23, 2010 through digital distribution. Perry and Bonnie McKee wrote many songs with youthful themes in mind, but they were rejected by producers Benny Blanco and Dr. Luke. Blanco showed them The Teenagers' single "Homecoming", and McKee imagined "Teenage Dream" as a throwback song to the euphoric feelings of being in love as a teenager. They met with Max Martin in Perry's hometown of Santa Barbara, California and started writing the track at Playback Recording Studio, which Perry later described as a pure moment for her. After Perry recorded her vocals, McKee presented her idea and the chorus was rewritten. Perry also described the song as reminiscent of her youth while contemplating her future marriage to Russell Brand.

Musically, "Teenage Dream" is a mid-tempo pop song with a retro sound. It is styled in the genres of power pop and electropop, while taking influence from other genres such as disco and pop rock. Perry starts the song in a high-pitched voice while her vocals grow stronger as the song progresses. Lyrically, "Teenage Dream" discusses being with a lover who makes one feel young again. "Teenage Dream" received generally positive reviews from music critics, some praising its nature and sound, but with others dismissing its lyrics as "too carefree and immature". The song has topped the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Perry's third number-one single on that chart, and her second consecutive number-one single after "California Gurls". "Teenage Dream" has been certified four times platinum in the United States, as well as receiving platinum and multi-platinum certifications in other countries.

A music video for the song was filmed in various locations around Perry's hometown in Santa Barbara, California and was directed by Yoann Lemoine (a.k.a. Woodkid). The video showcases Perry being in love with her high school lover. Perry has performed the song on Saturday Night Live, the 2010 Teen Choice Awards, 53rd Grammy Awards and other occasions. "Teenage Dream" was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, becoming Perry's third nomination in the category. Rolling Stone listed the song as the fourth best song of 2010.[1] The song is featured in the Best Buy edition of Just Dance 3. The song has been covered numerous times appearing on such as American Idol, The Voice, and Glee.

Background and writing[edit]

Perry performing "Teenage Dream" at the California Dreams Tour

When Perry and McKee first met in 2004, they both were "really into Lolita" and "had a mutual fascination with the adolescent state of mind." They explored the themes in their first records: Perry wrote One of the Boys, which touched on the early stages of discovering that boys could be more than friends, whereas McKee wrote "Confessions of a Teenage Girl", which was about using sexual power to one's advantage. For the Teenage Dream sessions, Perry and McKee had a "forever young" idea in mind. Perry at first wrote a lyric about Peter Pan, but they later deemed it as "too young" since "we wanted it to have more edge, more sex." Another version included the lines "And the next thing you know / You're a mom in a minivan", which made them laugh uncontrollably for an hour. There was a final version that was based around the metaphor of "trying me on" comparing clothes to sex, in a similar manner to Madonna's 1985 single "Dress You Up". It was rejected by the producers, as McKee explained, "Luke always makes us 'Benny Proof' everything. He says that if Benny doesn't get it, America won't get it." Blanco showed them The Teenagers's 2007 single "Homecoming" and asked them to write in a similar style. McKee said that "[We] looked at each other with dread, knowing we had to start all over again..... We were both so over it we just called it a night." McKee continued working on the song the following days. She explained, "I thought about my own adolescent years, my own first love. I thought about watching Baz Luhrmann's 'Romeo and Juliet' and putting on a little mini disco ball light and just dreaming of Leo. I thought about me and my friends sitting around at slumber parties in the 90's, giddy even just THINKING about boys..... I thought about what Benny said and I listened to the song again, and I was like The Teenagers..... that's such a great word, Teenager. It is a very descriptive word; it packs a lot of emotion and imagery into three syllables..... I couldn't believe after all of our agonizing over 'youth' themes, that we had overlooked such an obvious one – the teenage condition." The following week, Perry invited McKee, Luke, and Martin to write at her hometown of Santa Barbara, California. McKee tried to approach Luke about her idea, but he was upset about the amount of time he had spent working in the chorus, so he banned them from changing it. They started working on the verses, where Perry had already prepared most of the imagery.[2]

Perry described the process "a very pure moment for me" and continued saying, "[It was] where I started my creative juices. And also it kind of exudes this euphoric feeling because everybody remembers what their teenage dreams were — all the girls that were on your poster walls."[3] After she recorded the vocals, McKee pulled Luke and Martin aside and told them her idea, to which they responded, "Well why didn't you say that in the first place?". The chorus was rewritten, and the line "Skin tight jeans" was taken from the early "trying me on" version. When the final version was finished, McKee said, "We were all so pumped that it had paid off. I remember Max sitting back and saying 'I wish we could bottle this feeling'. It was really magical."[2] Perry commented that even though the song was rewritten many times, she was "so happy to finally get somewhere that we all agreed on" after it was finished.[4] During an interview in June 2010, Perry confirmed "Teenage Dream" as the second single from the album, and said that the song was about "kind of like feeling that way when you were a teenager: really emotional, really invested..... It's intense being in love and being a teenager."[5] After confirming that "Teenage Dream" was also the title of the album, she explained that it was a throwback to her teenage years, as she thought back to her youth while contemplating marriage to her boyfriend Russell Brand. She added, "To me, this year is pretty heavy. I am going to be getting married and putting out this record, and there is so much going on that it's nice to think of those young dreams."[6]

Composition[edit]

A sample of Perry singing the song's chorus, with a retro sound. The lyrics of the song refer to being with a lover who makes one feel like a teenager.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Teenage Dream" is a midtempo love song with a strong beat that follows the retro sound of previous single "California Gurls".[7][8] It is predominantly a power pop and electropop song,[9][10] which features influences of disco and pop rock.[11][12][13] According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com, by Alfred Music Publishing, the song is written in the key of B major, and moves at a tempo of 121 beats per minute. It has the sequence of B–B2–B as its chord progression.[12] These chords are played on guitar throughout the song, but with the addition of different bass notes from halfway through the first verse, the overall harmony can be heard as Emaj9(no3) - Gm7 - Fsus4. Perry's vocals in the song span from the note of B3 to the note of F5.[12] The song starts with relatively high vocals, with Perry singing in head voice; it also continues during the second verse.[14] Amos Barshad of New York said that "if not for a bluntly muscular chorus ('You! ..... make! ..... me!'), [the song] is nearly a ballad."[15] The lyrics refer to being with a lover that makes one feel like a teenager. According to James Montgomery of MTV, the lyrics refer to being in love, and about the feelings of commitment and security that it brings.[3] They also talk about taking the relationship further in lines such as: "Let's go all the way tonight / No regrets, just love / We can dance until we die / You and I / We'll be young forever".[14]

In a 2014 article in Slate, composer Owen Pallett analyzed the song using music theory to explain its success. He focused on two factors: the tonal interplay of the chords and melody, and Perry's use of syncopation in her vocals. "This song is all about suspension—not in the voice-leading 4–3 sense, but in the emotional sense, which listeners often associate with 'exhilaration,' being on the road, being on a roller coaster, travel," he explained.[16]

That suspension is created "simply, by denying the listener any I chords," Pallett explains. After the first few lines, the B tonic chord that repeats throughout the song is offset by bass notes that give it a more dominant 7th feel. "The I chord will never appear again," he observes. At the same time, however, Perry begins singing the melody on that note, and returns to it frequently, even when it clashes with the dominant V chord as she sings "feel like I'm living a". "[T]he vocal melody establishes the key so clearly that there is no doubt ... Her voice is the sun and the song is in orbit around it," he concludes. "The insistence of the tonic in the melody keeps your ears’ eyes fixed on the destination, but the song never arrives there. Weightlessness is achieved. Great work, songwriters!" Pallett notes other classic pop songs, such as Fleetwood Mac's "Dreams" and Coldplay's "Viva La Vida", that employ the same device.[16]

"The second key to this song's Enormous Chart Success," Pallett continues, "has to do with the weighting of the melody lines." Perry begins singing each verse on the beat ("you think I'm pretty ...") but then falls off it before the end of the first line ("... makeup on"), syncopating the melody, creating additional tension. "Her lines dovetail elegantly into each other. This contributes to the feeling of suspension that I mentioned above. As listeners, we're waiting for her to get to the point." Pallett says she does indeed do this in the pre-chorus, when she accentuates the imperatives ("Let's go all the way tonight ...") by returning to the beat. Pallett than calls it "genius" that the chorus itself inverts the weighting of the verses, as the line "You make me feel like I'm living a teenage dream" goes from off beat to on and then back again, in a single line.[16]

Further, Pallett writes, in the song's bridge, Perry adds more complexity to the song—and makes it more memorable, in his opinion—by taking the simple step of singing the "let you put your hands on me in my skintight jeans" lyrics entirely on beat, including the reiteration of the song's title. "How brilliant. The title of the song is rhythmically weighted two ways—it's like a flank attack. Two sides of the same face. You WILL remember the name of this song."[16]

Critical reception[edit]

Craig Marks of Billboard said that along with "California Gurls", the songs "are textbook summer singles whose ingenious pop hooks and zillion-dollar drum tracks are stamped with Perry's knack for a memorable line and frothy, gum-snapping persona."[17] James Montgomery of MTV commented that "Teenage Dream" showed a "definite change of pace for Perry. While it's still as saccharine sweet as her previous hits, there's also a rather, well, mature quality to it (despite the title)."[3] Amos Barshad of New York said, "Right now, it's feeling a bit too earnest, and not nearly as catchy as the follow-up single from Perry's first album ('Hot n Cold,' most definitely still a jam). That said, we are now mentally preparing ourselves for its ubiquity."[15] Alyssa Rosenberg of The Atlantic dismissed the lyrics as "simply annoying and incoherent" and added that "the hook and chorus aren't nearly compelling enough to pull me back into it."[18] Rolling Stone' ranked it number 4 on their "Best Singles of 2010" list[19] and The Village Voice placed fourteenth on its 38th annual Pazz & Jop critics' poll.[20] In 2014, Gawker ranked it the best #1 single of the last ten years.[21]

Chart performance[edit]

"Teenage Dream" debuted at number 20 on the US Billboard Hot 100 dated August 7, 2010, becoming the week's Hot Shot debut. It also debuted on the Hot Digital Songs chart at number 11 with 84,000 downloads, and on the Radio Songs chart at number 75. According to Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, "Teenage Dream" set the record for most added song in a week with 64 new stations and 14.9 million plays.[22] The following week, it jumped to number seven on the Hot 100, due to a radio audience of 29.5 million impressions and an increase of 183,000 downloads. On the issue dated September 18, 2010, the song topped the chart becoming her second consecutive number one-single and her third overall number one-single.[23] As of August 2013, the song had sold 4,573,000 digital copies in the United States.[24]

The same week the song topped the charts in the US, it debuted at number 20 in the Canadian Hot 100.[25] On the September 2 issue of the Canadian Digital Download Chart, "Teenage Dream" rose to number one, making it her third number one on that tally.[26][27] It went to number one in New Zealand on the August 30 chart making it her third number one in New Zealand that year, preceded by "If We Ever Meet Again" with Timbaland in early 2010 and "California Gurls". Overall the song remained at the top for four weeks in New Zealand. It was her fourth number one overall achieving this with "I Kissed a Girl" in 2008. On September 5, 2010, "Teenage Dream" debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number two selling over 86,000 units in its debut week. It was kept off top spot by the release of Olly Murs' debut single "Please Don't Let Me Go". The following week it stayed at number two, before moving down to number three the following week. The song reached number one on the Scottish Singles Chart.[28]

Music video[edit]

Background and concept[edit]

Perry during a beach party in the music video for "Teenage Dream".

The music video for "Teenage Dream" was filmed in Santa Barbara, California, in July 2010, and was directed by Yoann Lemoine.[8] Perry planned the concept along with the songwriters during the sessions.[2] Pictures from the shoot feature Perry kneeling in the sand looking at a man (played by Josh Kloss[29]) wearing speedos, while others show her kissing the man in a hotel pool. She commented about the filming on her Twitter, saying, "That's a wrap for Teenage Dream! So gorgeous [.....] In my hometown. I got to cast all my friends in the new music vid for Teenage Dream = amazing insanity."[8] The video features images of Perry in a car with a boyfriend, then, Perry is shown in a Party with her friends, and the closing scene shows Perry kissing her boyfriend under the water. Perry was interviewed online via YouTube, where she talked about the music video. She said: "It is gonna be completely different from 'California Gurls.' With 'Teenage Dream' you'll see a very raw, almost vulnerable [side] ..... I had to wear so many less layers of makeup. I had to make out with a boy which was very traumatizing, I was kind of mean to him. I would be the one to call cut because I was like, 'oh I can't do this!' I feel so horrible. But I know it's a job. [Russell and I] understand what our work is."[30]

The video briefly gained notoriety in the D.I.Y. punk community, since one of the cast members wears a Zero Boys shirt.[31]

Release[edit]

A lyric video with pictures was uploaded to Perry's YouTube account on July 26, 2010.[32] A 30-second snippet was released on August 5, 2010. The clip showed Perry in a montage of locations around Santa Barbara including riding a late 1960s white BMW New Class convertible, kissing her love interest on the bed at the Sunset Motel in Santa Barbara, and dancing on the beach with her friends. James Dinh of MTV said the teaser resonated with the song's feel-good melody.[33] The full video premiered on MTV on August 10, 2010 at 8:00pm ET.[34] Its UK premiere was at 10:45pm on ITV2. The 4:39 minute long official remix was posted on Katy Perry's Vevo account on YouTube in October 27, 2010 featuring inserted party scene.[35]

Live performances[edit]

Perry performing "Teenage Dream" during the California Dreams Tour in 2011

Perry performed "Teenage Dream" at the MTV World Stage 2010 held in Sunway Surfbeach, Malaysia.[36] Perry performed her songs "California Gurls", "Hot N Cold" and "Teenage Dream" on Sunrise in Australia.[37] On August 9, 2010, she performed it as the opening song of the Teen Choice Awards when she was hosting the award ceremony.[38] She then appeared and performed "Teenage Dream" on the Late Show with David Letterman and Today show.[39][40] The same month, Perry traveled to Europe and performed the song on The Album Chart Show Special, Le Grand Journal in France.[41] and on UK chat show Alan Carr: Chatty Man.[42] On September 25, 2010 she was the musical guest and performed the song on Saturday Night Live.[43] On October 2010, she performed the song on Wetten, dass..? in Germany.[44] Perry performed the song with actor Darren Criss for the first time on the Trevor Project Live on December 5, 2010.[45]

On February 13, 2011, Perry performed "Teenage Dream" at the 53rd Grammy Awards.[46] The song was featured on the set list of the California Dreams Tour in 2011 as the opening act of the show. The show begins with a video screen introduction which tells the story of a girl named Katy who lives in a colorless world wasting her life cutting meat for a mean old butcher. One night, Perry escapes her dreadful reality by falling asleep and visits a vibrant candy land in search for her pet cat, Kitty Purry and also for the love of her life, the Baker's Boy, played by Nick Zano. Perry then appears on stage and starts performing "Teenage Dream" with her dancers, while wearing a white dress with spinning peppermints.[47] For Obama's 2012 presidential candidacy, Perry performed several of her hit songs dressed as a ballot, including "Teenage Dream", "Firework", and "Wide Awake". Expressing solidarity for his campaign, the box next to Obama's name was shaded.[48][49] For her 2014-15 The Prismatic World Tour, "Teenage Dream" was included on the setlist.[50]

Covers versions[edit]

ProSieben version[edit]

Perry sang another version of this song for the German broadcaster ProSieben. She added "Yes, We love to Entertain You" to the text.[51][52][unreliable source?]

Glee version[edit]

"Teenage Dream (Glee Cast Version)"
Single by Glee cast
from the album Glee: The Music Presents the Warblers and Glee: The Music, Volume 4
Released 9 November 2010 (2010-11-09)
Format Digital download
Recorded 2010
Genre Pop
Length 3:40
Label Columbia
Producer(s) Ryan Murphy, Adam Anders

The Beelzebubs, a male a cappella group from Tufts University, covered "Teenage Dream" and gained prominence when it was used on the American musical television series Glee in the episode "Never Been Kissed".[53] The Beelzebubs provided the arrangement and back-up vocals (recorded during September in New York) for the performance, and actors playing students from the fictional Dalton Academy Warblers lip-synced to their vocals.[54] The lead vocals were provided by Darren Criss, playing Blaine Anderson in the episode.[54] Following the airing of the episode in the US on November 9, 2010, the track was released as a single credited to the Glee cast; the recording is also featured on Glee: The Music, Volume 4.[55] The cover sold 55,000 copies through the iTunes Store on the first day, breaking the group's first-day sales record previously held by "Empire State of Mind".[56] Selling 214,000 copies over the week, the song debuted at the eighth position on the Billboard Hot 100, surpassing "Don't Stop Believin'" for the highest first-week sales of any Glee song, and first top ten by Glee Cast on the chart since "Don't Stop Believin'".[57][58] The song also charted at number ten in Canada, twenty-four in Australia, and eighteen in Ireland.[59][60][61] The cover was included in a list of no particular order of the 210 best songs of 2010, published by the New York Post.[62]

"Teenage Dream
(Acoustic version)"
Song by Glee cast
Released October 1, 2012
Format Digital download
Recorded 2012
Genre Pop
Length 3:45
Label Columbia
Producer Ryan Murphy, Adam Anders

The song appears in three Glee albums: Glee: The Music, Volume 4, Glee: The Music Presents the Warblers and the live album Glee: The 3D Concert Movie

Criss covered the song again on Glee's season four episode, "The Break-Up", on October 4, 2012 with a slower, piano-only version. Unlike the original version, which was lip-synced, Criss sang this version live on set to capture the emotion of the performance.[63]

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (2010) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[64] 24
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[65] 10
Ireland (IRMA)[66] 18
US Billboard Hot 100[67] 8

Others versions[edit]

  • Boyce Avenue's version of the song appears on their New Acoustic Sessions, Vol. 1 album, released on December 6, 2010.[70]
  • Hoja Lopez performed the song on Season 2 of The Voice.
  • Lisa Scinta performed the song on Season 3 of The Voice.
  • Kelsie Rimmer performed the song for her blind audition on Season 1 of The Voice Australia.
  • Allen Jane Sta. Maria performed the song on X Factor Philippines
  • Kai Honasan performed the song for her blind audition on Season 2 of "The Voice of the Philippines".

Track listing[edit]

  • Digital download[77]
  1. "Teenage Dream" – 3:47
  2. "Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Club Remix) – 5:27
  3. "Teenage Dream" (Dave Audé Radio) – 3:57
  • German CD single[78]
  1. "Teenage Dream" – 3:47
  2. "Teenage Dream" (Instrumental) – 3:47
  1. "Teenage Dream" (Vandalism Le Pop Mix) – 3:54
  2. "Teenage Dream" (Vandalism V8 Vocal Remix) – 7:04
  3. "Teenage Dream" (Manhattan Clique Remix) – 6:40

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from Teenage Dream album liner notes.[80]

Charts and certifications[edit]

Chart precession and succession[edit]

Preceded by
"Alejandro" by Lady Gaga
"Only Girl (In The World)" by Rihanna
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" by Shakira
Brazil Pop Songs number-one single
October 2, 2010 - October 9, 2010
October 30, 2010 - November 6, 2010
November 27, 2010
Succeeded by
"Love the Way You Lie" by Eminem (featuring Rihanna)
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" by Shakira
"Get Outta My Way" by Kylie Minogue
Preceded by
"Dynamite" by Taio Cruz
RIANZ number-one single
August 30, 2010 - September 20, 2010
Succeeded by
"Only Girl (In the World)" by Rihanna
Preceded by
"Dynamite" by Taio Cruz
Irish Singles Chart number-one single
September 2, 2010
Succeeded by
"For the First Time" by The Script
Preceded by
"Dynamite" by Taio Cruz
Scottish Singles Chart number-one single
September 11, 2010
Succeeded by
"Start Without You" by Alexandra Burke
Preceded by
"Love the Way You Lie" by Eminem (featuring Rihanna)
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
September 18, 2010 – September 25, 2010
Succeeded by
"Just the Way You Are" by Bruno Mars
Preceded by
"Dynamite" by Taio Cruz
Billboard Pop Songs number-one single
October 2, 2010 - October 23, 2010
Succeeded by
"Just the Way You Are" by Bruno Mars
Preceded by
"You Lost Me" by Christina Aguilera
Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs number-one single
October 16, 2010
Succeeded by
"Body Shots" by Kaci Battaglia (featuring Ludacris)
Preceded by
"Misery" by Maroon 5
Billboard Adult Pop Songs number-one single
October 30, 2010 - November 20, 2010
Succeeded by
"Just the Way You Are" by Bruno Mars

Release history[edit]

Country Date Type
United States July 23, 2010[77][149] Digital download
Canada
Worldwide July 26, 2010[150]
United States August 3, 2010[151] Mainstream radio
August 24, 2010[152] Rhythmic radio
United Kingdom August 28, 2010[153] Digital Download
Germany September 3, 2010[78] CD single
Worldwide September 3, 2010[154] Digital Remixes EP
United Kingdom October 26, 2010[155] CD Single

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "50 Best Songs of 2010: Katy Perry, Teenage Dream". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  2. ^ a b c Kazemi, Alex (2010-07-22). "Alex Kazemi / Interview with Songwriter Bonnie McKee". Alex Kazemi. Retrieved 2010-07-25. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c Montgomery, James (2010-07-23). "Katy Perry Says New Single 'Teenage Dream' Exudes 'Euphoric' Feeling – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  4. ^ Herrera, Monica (2010-07-23). "Katy Perry: The Billboard Cover Story | Billboard.com". Billboard (Nielsen Company). Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  5. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (2010-06-15). "Katy Perry Teases Her Teen Choice Awards Wardrobe – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  6. ^ McMonagle, Mickey (2010-07-02). "Katy Perry: I'm not thinking about having kids..... my new kitten is enough trouble – The Daily Record". Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
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  8. ^ a b c Vena, Jocelyn (2010-06-16). "Katy Perry Talks 'Gorgeous' Video For 'Teenage Dream' – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  9. ^ "Katy Perry, Teenage Dream". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  10. ^ Lambert, Molly (July 27, 2012). "Just A Couple Of Normal People On A Stage: LCD Soundsystem's Shut Up and Play the Hits and Katy Perry's Part of Me". Grantland. ESPN. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  11. ^ Masley, Ed (July 26, 2011). "Essential Katy Perry songs, from 'Hot n Cold' to 'Firework". The Arizona Republic. Gannett Company. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "Katy Perry – Teenage Dream Sheet Music (Digital Download)". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Music Publishing. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  13. ^ Leftridge, Steve (October 4, 2010). "Katy Perry: Teenage Dream". Pop Matters. The McClatchy Company. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Anderson, Sarah D (2010-07-22). "Katy Perry, 'Teenage Dream' – New Song – AOL Radio Blog". AOL Radio. AOL. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  15. ^ a b Barshad, Amos (2010-07-22). "Katy Perry Dreamed a Dream – Vulture". New York. New York Media Holdings. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  16. ^ a b c d Pallett, Owen (March 25, 2014). "Skin Tight Jeans and Syncopation". Slate. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  17. ^ Marks, Craig (2010-05-26). "Katy Perry: Summer Album Preview 2010 | Billboard.com". Billboard. Nielsen Company. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
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  19. ^ "50 Best Songs of 2010". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  20. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles". The Village Voice. Village Voice Media. Retrieved 2013-04-02. 
  21. ^ http://rankings.gawker.com/number-one-singles-of-the-past-decade-ranked-1640092054/+laceydonohue
  22. ^ Pietroluongo, Silvio (2010-07-29). "Eminem and Rihanna Stand Strong on Hot 100 | Billboard.com". Billboard. Nielsen Media. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  23. ^ Pietroluongo, Silvio (2010-08-05). "Eminem and Rihanna Lie 'Still' Atop Hot 100 | Billboard.com". Billboard. Nielsen Media. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  24. ^ "Week Ending Nov. 27, 2011. Songs: The Record Rihanna Would Like To Shed". Yahoo Music. November 30, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Canada Singles Top 100 – Music Charts". Billboard. Nielsen Media. 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  26. ^ "2 September Download Chart". Jam. September 2, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Nielsen Canadian Update". Nielsen Media. 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  28. ^ "Archive Chart". Theofficialcharts.com. 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  29. ^ "Meet Josh Kloss: The Hot guy in Katy Perry's new video". People. Time Inc. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  30. ^ Staff, FMQB (2010-07-28). "FMQB: Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Kal Rudman. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  31. ^ "Zero Boys t-shirt in new Katy Perry video|". 
  32. ^ Montgomery, James (2010-07-26). "Katy Perry Posts 'Teenage Dream' Teaser Video – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  33. ^ Dinh, James (2010-08-05). "Katy Perry's 'Teenage Dream' Video: Watch A Steamy Sneak Peek! – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  34. ^ Anitai, Tamar (2010-08-05). "Sneak Peek: Katy Perry's 'Teenage Dream' Video » MTV Buzzworthy Blog". Buzzworthy MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  35. ^ "Katy Perry - Teenage Dream (Remix)". YouTube. Capitol Records, LLC. 27 Oct 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
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External links[edit]