Teenage tragedy song
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The "teenage tragedy song", also known as a "tear jerker", "death disc" or "splatter platter", is a style of ballad that was most popular between the late 1950s and early 1960s. These songs lamented tragic teenage death and were either sung from the viewpoint of the dead person's sweetheart or from the viewpoint of the dead (or dying) person.
|"Black Denim Trousers and Motorcycle Boots"||The Cheers||1955||U.S. #6|
|"Don't Take Your Guns to Town"||Johnny Cash||1958||U.S. Country #1|
|"Endless Sleep"||Jody Reynolds||1958||U.S. #5, precursor of the genre, sweetheart is rescued in final chorus|
|"El Paso"||Marty Robbins||1959||U.S. #1|
|"Running Bear"||Johnny Preston||1959||U.S. #1|
|"Teen Angel"||Mark Dinning||1959||U.S. #1 in 1960, considered the primary prototype of the genre|
|"Tell Laura I Love Her"||Ray Peterson||1960||U.S. #7, cover by Ricky Valance was #1 in the U.K.|
|"Ebony Eyes"||The Everly Brothers||1961||U.S. #8, U.K. #1|
|"Moody River"||Pat Boone||1961||U.S. #1|
|"The Prom"||Del Shannon||1961|
|"Patches"||Dickey Lee||1962||U.S. #6|
|"Leah"||Roy Orbison||1962||U.S. #25|
|"Chapel Bells Ringing"||Gene Summers||1962|
|"Last Kiss"||Wayne Cochran & the C.C. Riders||1962||Cover by J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers was a 1964 U.S. #2
Cover by Pearl Jam was a 1999 U.S. #2
|"A Young Man Is Gone"||The Beach Boys||1963|
|"Dead Man's Curve"||Jan and Dean||1964||U.S. #8|
|"Leader of the Pack"||The Shangri-Las||1964||U.S. #1|
|"The Hero"||Bernadette Carroll||1964||WFUN "radio survey" Miami, FL U.S. #9|
|"Laurie (Strange Things Happen)"||Dickey Lee||1965||U.S. #14|
|"Give Us Your Blessing"||The Shangri-las||1965||U.S. #29|
|"I Can Never Go Home Anymore"||The Shangri-las||1965||U.S. #6|
|"A Young Girl"||Noel Harrison||1965||U.S. #51. Originally a French song co-written and recorded by Charles Aznavour|
|"Green, Green Grass of Home"||Tom Jones||1966||U.S. #11, U.K. #1|
|"Ode to Billie Joe"||Bobbie Gentry||1967||U.S. #1|
|"Death Cab for Cutie"||Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band||1967|
|"Condition Red"||The Goodees||1968||U.S. #46|
|"The Visitations"||White Noise||1969|
|"In the Ghetto"||Elvis Presley||1969||U.S. #3, U.K. #2|
|"D.O.A."||Bloodrock||1971||U.S. #36 despite many radio stations choosing to not play|
|"Once You Understand"||Think||1971||U.S. #23|
|"Billy and Sue"||B. J. Thomas||1972|
|"Seasons in the Sun"||Terry Jacks||1974||U.S. #1. A reworking of "Le moribond'" aka "The Dying Friend" by Jacques Brel|
|"Billy Don't Be a Hero"||Bo Donaldson and The Heywoods||1974||U.S. #1|
|"Emma"||Hot Chocolate||1974||U.S. #8|
|"I Was in Love with Danny (But the Crowd Was in Love with Dean)"||Kimi and Ritz||1975||Rare U.K. single by Rocky Horror Picture Show creator Richard O'Brien and his former wife, Kimi Wong|
|"Run Joey Run"||David Geddes||1975||U.S. #4|
|"Rocky"||Austin Roberts||1975||U.S. #9|
|"You're Gonna Kill That Girl"||Ramones||1977||Released on album Leave Home|
|"Tuttie Fruttie Alice"||Elton Motello||1978||Released on the album Victim of Time|
|"Hello This Is Joanie"||Paul Evans||1978||U.K. #6|
|"I Don't Like Mondays"||Boomtown Rats||1979||U.K. #1|
|"Back of My Mind"||Breathless||1980||Released on the album Nobody Leaves This Song Alive (EMI-America Records). Tells the story from the bereaved boyfriend's viewpoint of a young girl's death while undergoing an abortion|
|"7-11"||Ramones||1981||Released on the album Pleasant Dreams|
|"The Only One"||Huey Lewis and the News||1982||Released on the album Picture This|
|"Blasphemous Rumours"||Depeche Mode||1984|
|"Cherish"||Kool & the Gang||1985||U.S. #2|
|"A Girl Like Emmylou"||Southern Pacific||1986||Top 20 country hit|
|"Girlfriend in a Coma"||The Smiths||1987||U.K. #13|
|"18 and Life"||Skid Row||1989||U.S. #4|
|"Hazard"||Richard Marx||1991||U.S. #9, U.K. #3, Australia #1|
|"1952 Vincent Black Lightning"||Richard Thompson||1991||U.K. #32|
|"Jeremy"||Pearl Jam||1992||Inspired by a high school student who killed himself in front of his classmates|
|"Jumper"||Third Eye Blind||1997||"It's about a friend who's gay, jumping off a bridge and killing themselves."|
|"Saturday Night"||The Misfits||1999||Released on the album Famous Monsters|
|"April 20th"||Yellowcard||1999||Written in dedication to the friends and families of victims of the 1999 Columbine High School massacre|
|"Stan"||Eminem||2000||U.K. #1, Isn't a teenager|
|"Days of Graduation"||Drive-By Truckers||2001||A first person narrative about a fatal car crash the night before the victims' high school graduation|
|"View From Heaven"||Yellowcard||2003||Written in memory of a close friend of the band, the drummer and co-founder of the band Inspection 12, who was killed in a car accident in 2001|
|"Crazy Cat Corner"||Gene Summers||2004||available on 2004 CD release|
|"His Pecs Were So God"||Death Falcon||2006|
|"Who Knew"||P!nk||2006||Re-released in 2007|
|"Star Crossed"||Scary Kids Scaring Kids||2007||Nobody actually dies|
|"Death of a Surfer Girl"||L.Stadt||2010|
|"The One That Got Away"||Katy Perry||2010||While this song's lyrics do not necessarily suggest a death, the accompanying music video has the man dying in a car accident.|
|"Teen Idle"||Marina and the Diamonds||2012|
The Kingston Trio's "Tom Dooley" and Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" are considered sometimes teenage tragedies, due to some of the lyrics talking about a young man about to be executed. Some of the songs in The Who's Tommy are also considered of this genre (though the protagonist, Tommy Walker, does not die, but rather suffers from mistreatment).
Two songs by Stephen Foster, the 19th century "father of American music," are said to have a similar basis. The lyrics to "Gentle Annie" long for a young sweetheart who is said, in some sources, to be inspired by the death of a young woman in an accident, and in "Beautiful Dreamer" (Foster's last song) the singer begs his beautiful dreamer to awake because 'Then will all clouds of sorrow depart'.
Satires and parodies
- Bob Luman mocked the genre in "Let's Think About Living" in 1960.
- One parody that looms large in the genre's legend is Jimmy Cross' 1965 novelty, "I Want My Baby Back". The singer narrates a traffic crash that at first glance seems to be the one described in J. Frank Wilson's "Last Kiss", but is revealed to be another angle of the fatal crash at the climax of The Shangri-Las' #1 hit "Leader of the Pack"; the singer is the sole survivor, and his girlfriend was fatally dismembered by the impact ("Over there was my baby.. and over there was my baby.. and way over there was my baby"!). After months of unabated grief, the distraught singer, in an apparent fit of insanity, decides that he is going to have his girl back "one way or another". With realistic sound effects, he unearths her grave, crawls into her coffin, and closes the lid for a muffled final chorus of "I Got My Baby Back." Though the single barely made the Hot 100 (#92) during its initial release, it has since become a cult classic, rescued from obscurity by Dr. Demento, who played it regularly on his syndicated radio show. In the UK the song was rediscovered by Kenny Everett, who played it on his own radio series, which resulted in May 1977 with it being voted, by listeners, as The World's Worst Record.
- The Smothers Brothers song "Jenny Brown", from their 1964 album It Must Have Been Something I Said!, spoofs the genre. The melody and lyrics of the opening verses mimic a typical "dead teenager" song, but in the last verse, it is revealed that Jenny was playing a prank on her boyfriend.
- A more direct parody of "Leader of the Pack" is "Leader of the Laundromat" by the Detergents (1964). The song was written by Paul Vance and Lee Pockriss, and performed by a studio group including singer Ron Dante, later of The Archies.
- On a 1965 episode of The Lucy Show, "Lucy in the Music World," Lucille Ball tried to appeal to teenage music fans by singing the tragic tale of a boyfriend whose "surfboard came back by itself," thereby sending up two 1960s teenage song genres at once. She had been advised that youth today "aren't happy unless they're miserable," referring to the death disc trend.
- An undated song (presumably from around the early to mid-1960s), by The Breakers, "Surfin' Tragedy," combines the teenage tragedy song with a surf theme, in which the subject, a surfer, careens "ninety miles an hour" into a Malibu pier, killing him instantly. The song is featured on The Rhino Brothers Present the World's Worst Records.
- 10cc's 1973 song "Johnny Don't Do It," done in the style of early 1960s girl-group songs, parodies the teenage trope of the bad boy who is good but misunderstood. Johnny steals a motorcycle but then hits a truck, killing his girlfriend along with himself.
- In the film Phantom of the Paradise, the opening song "Goodbye Eddie Goodbye" is a homage and parody of these songs.
- The song "Too Old to Rock 'n' Roll: Too Young to Die!" by Jethro Tull is another homage and parody of the theme. The lyrics tell the tale of a now (1976) old rocker who, while "living in the past" and refusing to "grow up" like his friends did, suffers a motorcycle accident and meets his certain death. (Although, in the following song of the concept album, it is revealed that he survived.) The music (featuring a string quartet) and lyrics are noted for being overly dramatic for the sake of dark humor.
- Bob Rivers also did a parody of "Leader of the Pack" called "Leader of Iraq". The song was centred around the execution of former president of Iraq Saddam Hussein.
- Rik Mayall and Adrian Edmondson, as part of the early alternative comedy act, 20th Century Coyote, would play a song called "Oh Gosh, I'm So Lonely."
- Another satirical take on the theme was "The Homecoming Queen's Got a Gun" by Julie Brown from 1984, which rather eerily anticipates a Columbine-like massacre.
- The cast of Mystery Science Theater 3000 did a parody called "Where Oh Werewolf?"
- A rock-and-roll parody album, Mad “Twists” Rock ’n’ Roll, was released in 1962 on the Bigtop label in association with the publishers of Mad magazine. One of the songs, "All I Have Left is Johnny's Hubcap", is a spoof of the teen tragedy genre.