Tehran Symphony Orchestra

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Tehran Symphony Orchestra (Persian: ارکستر سمفونیک تهران‎) was founded originally as "Municipality Symphony Orchestra" in 1933 in Persian (Iranian) capital Tehran, by Gholam-Hossein Minbashian.

Tehran Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
Sanjari menuhin.jpg
Yehudi Menuhin plays with Tehran Symphony Orchestra with Heshmat Sanjari as the conductor 1967
Founded 1933 (1933)
Principal conductor Manouchehr Sahbai

The Orchestra in its modern form was founded by Parviz Mahmoud. During the years that followed, conductors such as Rubik (Ruben) Gregorian, Morteza Hannaneh, Haymo Taeuber, Heshmat Sanjari, and Farhad Meshkat took over as the conductors of the Orchestra.[1]

After the 1979 revolution many musicians of the TSO emigrated to Europe and the US. For some years Heshmat Sanjari and then Fereydoun Nasseri (timpani player) were the conductors.The current conductor of TSO is Manouchehr Sahbai.

1933 - 1979[edit]

In the golden age of the orchestra, many notable musicians like Yehudi Menuhin and Isaac Stern played with the orchestra.[2]

1979 - Present[edit]

After the 1979 Iranian revolution clerics outlawed all pre-revolutionary music, hardline clerics say music comes between the faithful and God, and leads to an impure mind.[3] As a result the orchestra faced its darkest age, playing only a few concerts in the decade following the revolution. The pressure caused the conductor Heshmat Sanjari a serious sickness, he died in 1995.[4]
The orchestra still plays concerts once in a while.

See also[edit]

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