Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat

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Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Founder Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari
Leader Abdul Latif Khalid Cheema
Website
https://www.facebook.com/Tehreekekhatmenubuwwat

Barelvi movement

Sunni Barelvis consider Dargah Ajmer Shareef as their prime center of Islam in South Asia
Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Mustafa Raza Khan
Hamid Raza Khan

Organizations

Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, Pakistan
Sunni Tehreek, Pakistan
Sunni Ittehad Council, Pakistan
Dawat-e-Islami, International
Sunni Dawat-e-Islami, International

Institutions

Al Jamiatul Ashrafia · Manzar-e-Islam
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia · Jamiatur Raza

Notable Scholars

Ameen Mian Qaudri, India
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Pakistan
Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, Pakistan
Akhtar Raza, India
Qamaruzzaman Azmi, United Kingdom
Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Pakistan
Arshadul Qaudri, India

Literature

Kanzul Iman, translation of the Qur'an

The Tehrik-e-Khatme Nabuwwat or Tehrik-e-Tahafuz-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwat is an Islamic religious movement in Pakistan aiming to protect the belief in the finality of prophethood of Muhammad based on the concept of Khatam an-Nabiyyin. This lead to sometimes violent attacks on other religious communities both within Islam (such as against the Ahmadis) and without (Christians and the Bahá'í Faith).

History[edit]

The roots of Tehrik-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwat can be traced back to the 1880s when the Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian proclaimed to be a prophet in Islam.

This movement gained momentum in 1934 when Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam arranged a big gathering called Ahrar Tableegh Conference, held at Qadian, the headquarters of Ahmadis in India before partition. Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari of Majlis-e-Ahrar led the conference.

Movement in Pakistan[edit]

The movement’s history reads that after Pakistan came into being, as a result of the partition of the subcontinent, Chaudhry Zafarullah Khan, better known as Sir Zafarullah Khan, the first foreign minister of Pakistan, allegedly started patronising the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and nurtured it using his office. Although no evidence was ever provided of this allegation. The Court of enquiry report on the disturbances explains the real reasons for this violent uprising against Ahmadiyya Muslim community. Main reasons being persecution of Ahmadi Muslims due to theological differences and using the Ahmadiyya issues by religious fanatics to gain political mileage.

This was the first time that an all-parties movement to protect the finality of Muhammad started to surface. This movement — eventually called Kul Jamaati Majlis-e-Aml Tahafuz-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwat —under Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam had three demands:

  1. removal of Zafarullah Khan from the foreign ministry
  2. removal of Ahmadis from top government offices;
  3. declaration of Ahmadis as non-Muslims.

This was in 1949, when Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam had just started working informally. The movement launched countrywide campaigns and protests resulting in a ban on Majlis-e-Ahrar in 1954. After the ban, a formal Majlis-e-Tahafuz-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwat emerged as the substitute to lead this anti-Ahmadi campaign. The clerics also launched Aalami Majlis-e-Tahafuz-e-Khatm-e-Nabuwat to counter Ahmadis across the world.

Ahmadis declared Non-Muslims in 1974[edit]

National Assembly (Pakistan) declared by law that Qadianis and Ahmadis are non-believers/kafir and infidels. Ulamas of Pakistan particularly Ulama-I-Ahle-Sunnat under the leadership of Quaid-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Imam Shah Ahmad Noorani Siddiqui gave a tough fight against Qadianis/kafir and compelled the members of the National Assembly to declare Qadianis as non-Muslims. And such a clause was inserted in the 1973 constitution of Pakistan declaring that followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani are non-Muslims by Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan.

Anti-Ahmadiyya Ordinance of 1984[edit]

After meeting the first agenda, Khatm-e-Nabuwat started the next phase of their campaign – to force Ahmadis to comply with the new law. They started demanding legal sanctions on Ahmadis barring them from using the title of Muslim. This campaign was at its peak when Maulana Yousaf of Jamia Banori (Karachi), and Punjab-based Maulana Khawaja Khan Muhammad were leading the Kul Jamaati Majlis-e-Amal Tahafuz-e-Khatam-e-Nabuwat in 1984 and 1985. The then president General Zia ul Haq passed an ordinance in 1984 amending the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) that called for punitive sanctions on Ahmadis in 1984, commonly known as Ordinance XX. This was another target achieved by the Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam.

Banned Khatme Nabuwwat leaders[edit]

In November 2012, the Government of Pakistan banned Abdul Latif Khalid Cheema, leader of Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat and Secretary General of Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam,[1] from delivering a speech in the Chichawatni and district Sahiwal area due to the security situation in Muharram. The president of Majlis-e-Ahrar Syed Ata-ul-Muhaimin Bukhari also banned from delivering speech for three months in Multan.

Annual Khatm-e-Nubuwwat Conference[edit]

Annual Khatm-e-Nubuwwat Conference hold every year at Jamia Masjid Ahrar, Chennab Nagar (Rabwah) under the aegis of Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam to aware people about the faith of Khatme Nabuwat as well as deception of Qadianis. Leader's of all political and religious parties, lawyers, student leader's, ullema of all sects, journalists participate in this conference.

Leaders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]