The Tehuantepec Ridge is a linear undersea ridge located off the west coast of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean. It is the remnant of an old fracture zone, and not a tectonic spreading center ridge (see Mid-Ocean Ridge). It extends from the eastern end of the Clipperton Fracture Zone northeastward toward Mexico until it is subducted into the Middle America Trench. It lies within the tectonic Cocos Plate, separating the lower and older seafloor of the Guatemala Basin which lies southeast of the ridge from higher and younger seafloor which lies to its northwest.
Current research indicates that the ridge was formed as a fracture zone and transform fault along the East Pacific Rise. As a result of a change in the motion of the Pacific Plate about 13 million years ago, there was also a change in the orientation of the East Pacific Rise, which in turn reoriented the fracture zone, creating the current alignment that is today's Clipperton Fracture Zone. The Tehuantepec Ridge preserves the previous orientation.
Some researchers have hypothesized that the subducted portion of the Tehuantepec Ridge under Mexico is responsible for the existence of the El Chichón volcano as well as the other volcanoes of what is called the Chiapanecan Volcanic Arc. Studies of the 1982 eruption of El Chichón indicated its erupted output was unusual compared to other volcanoes in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt which lies well to the northwest. The anomaly is thought to result from the distinctive composition of the rocks which comprise the Tehuantepec Ridge.
- Vlad C. Manea and Marina Manea, 2005, THE ORIGIN OF MODERN CHIAPANECAN VOLCANIC ARC IN SOUTHERN MEXICO INFERRED FROM THERMAL MODELS, http://www.geo.mtu.edu/~raman/papers2/Manea_Chiapas_2005.pdf 2.2mb
- Rose, William Ingersoll, et al., Volcanic Hazards in Central America, 2006, Geological Society of America ISBN 0-8137-2412-0 http://books.google.com/books?id=hMrlf60Pt-QC&pg=PA36&lpg=PA36&dq=El+Chichon+%22Tehuantepec+Ridge%22&source=web&ots=EA2opl9dfI&sig=Nn_U-QXMgo1e-jCFFkog_l3_OLs&hl=en
- Manea, Marina, et al., Tectonic evolution of the Tehuantepec Ridge, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 238 (2005) 64– 77 (1.9mb)
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