Teide 1

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Teide 1
relative sizes
Estimated relative size of the Sun, red dwarf Gliese 229, Teide 1, brown dwarf Gliese 229B, and Jupiter
Credit: American Scientist/Linda Huff
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Taurus
Right ascension 3h 47m 18.0s
Declination +24° 22′ 31″
Apparent magnitude (V) 17.76[citation needed][dubious ]
Characteristics
Spectral type M8
U−B color index ?
B−V color index ?
V−R color index ?
R−I color index ?
Variable type ?
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) ? km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: ? mas/yr
Dec.: ? mas/yr
Parallax (π) 8.40 mas
Distance 400 ly
(120 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 12.38[citation needed][dubious ]
Details
Mass 0.052 M
Radius ~0.1 R
Luminosity 0.001 L
Surface gravity (log g) 6.6 cgs
Temperature 2600 ± 150[1] K
Metallicity ?
Rotation ?
Age 0.12 Gyr

Teide 1 was the first brown dwarf to be verified, in 1995. It is located in the Pleiades open star cluster, approximately 400 light-years (120 pc) from Earth.

The apparent magnitude of this faint object is 17.76, which is so faint that it can only seen in large amateur or bigger telescopes. Its absolute magnitude is 12.38.

This object is more massive than a planet (55 ± 15 MJ),[1] but less massive than a star (0.052 MSun). The radius of the brown dwarf is about that of Jupiter (or one-tenth that of the Sun). Its surface temperature is 2600 ± 150 K,[1] which is about half that of the Sun. Its luminosity is 0.1% that of the Sun, meaning it takes six months for Teide 1 to emit the amount of radiation emitted by the Sun in four hours. Its age is only 120 million years compared to the Sun's age of 4.6 billion years.

This brown dwarf is hot enough to fuse lithium in its core, but not hot enough to fuse hydrogen like the Sun.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mid-IR Observations of the Pleiades Brown Dwarfs Teide 1 & Calar 3 (Leech 2000)

External links[edit]