Teide Observatory

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Teide Observatory
Obs 1.jpg
Organization Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
Location Tenerife
Coordinates
Altitude 2,390 m. (7,841 ft.)
Established 1964

The Observatorio del Teide (Teide Observatory) is an astronomical observatory on Tenerife operated by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. Opened in 1964, it became one of the first major international observatories, attracting telescopes from different countries around the world because of the good astronomical seeing conditions. Later the emphasis for optical telescopes shifted more towards Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on La Palma. It is considered one of the world's major observatories.

Telescopes[edit]

Solar telescopes[edit]

THÉMIS
THÉMIS

Nocturnal telescopes[edit]

Radio telescopes for cosmic microwave background astronomy[edit]

Other buildings on the site[edit]

The observatory has a visitors' centre and a residencia (hostel) for astronomers. Brian May helped construct a building there to study interplanetary dust.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Izana Observatory (1981-2010) (altitude: 2371 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
8.0
(46.4)
10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.7)
18.6
(65.5)
14.3
(57.7)
11.1
(52)
8.8
(47.8)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
4.7
(40.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
14.4
(57.9)
18.5
(65.3)
18.2
(64.8)
14.5
(58.1)
10.6
(51.1)
7.8
(46)
5.6
(42.1)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.3
(34.3)
2.7
(36.9)
3.5
(38.3)
5.8
(42.4)
9.9
(49.8)
14.0
(57.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.4
(50.7)
6.9
(44.4)
4.5
(40.1)
2.4
(36.3)
6.4
(43.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.85)
67
(2.64)
58
(2.28)
18
(0.71)
7
(0.28)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
13
(0.51)
37
(1.46)
54
(2.13)
60
(2.36)
367
(14.46)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 4 3 1 0 0 1 2 4 4 6 34
 % humidity 50 54 48 45 40 32 25 30 43 55 54 52 44
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226 223 260 294 356 382 382 358 295 259 220 218 3,473
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[4]

See also[edit]

ESO and Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias sign agreement on adaptive optics collaboration.[5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rayrole, J. (1985). "The European observatory at the Canary Islands" 233. pp. 32–50. doi:10.1007/BFb0022394. 
  1. ^ THÉMIS Website
  2. ^ GREGOR Website at KIS, Freiburg
  3. ^ David Airey. "Construction of a small spectrograph for stellar spectroscopy and its use on some brighter stars". Journal of the British Astronomical Association 103: 11–18. 
  4. ^ "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010)". 
  5. ^ "ESO and Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias Sign Agreement on Adaptive Optics Collaboration". ESO Announcement. Retrieved 10 May 2014.