Tejupilco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tejupilco
Tejupilco is located in Mexico
Tejupilco
Tejupilco
Coordinates: 18°54′21″N 100°09′10″W / 18.90583°N 100.15278°W / 18.90583; -100.15278Coordinates: 18°54′21″N 100°09′10″W / 18.90583°N 100.15278°W / 18.90583; -100.15278
Country  Mexico
State Mexico State
Settled 955
Municipal status 1825
Government
 • Municipal President Isael Villa Villa (2009–2012)
Elevation 1,330 m (4,360 ft)
Population (2010[1])Municipality
 • Total 71,077
 • Seat 25,631
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code 51400
Website (Spanish) http://www.tejupilco.gob.mx/

Tejupilco de Hidalgo is the seat of municipality of Tejupilco in the State of Mexico, Mexico.It is located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of the state capital Toluca, along Federal Highway 34. The name Tejupilco comes from Náhuatl meaning "between the toes". "de Hidalgo" was added to honor Father Miguel Hidalgo who initiated the Mexican War of Independence.[2]

While the origins of the original settlers of the area have been forgotten, there are remains of many of their ceremonial centers and tombs atop various hills. The most important of these sites are in Ocotepec, Acatitlán, Acamuchitlán, Bejucos, San Simón, Tejupilco, Nanchititla, Hipericones and San Miguel Ixtapan. However, it is known that the area had been occupied for centuries by the Otomi who named the area "Talisca". However, most Otomi were driven out by a people called the "Tecos" who were under the dominion of the P'urhépecha Father Plancarte says in Book I of the Anals of the Museum of Michoacan that the Tecos were a group related to the Mexicas who lived in the P'urhépecha kingdom. In 1052, the Toltecs arrived as refugees after the destruction of their kingdom, as well as the Matlatzinca who came later from the Valley of Toluca. By 1476 the Aztec king Axayácatl conquered the Matlatzincas and took control of their lands including what is now Tejupilco. After the Spanish Conquest, Andrés de Tapia was assigned to subdue the old Matlatzinca lands where he met no resistance in this area.[2]

The town[edit]

The current town of Tejupilco was a village by 1579 which was paying tribute to the Spaniards as late as 1676. In 1734 it was still an overwhelmingly indigenous community with only seven Spanish families recorded there. For most of its pre-municipal history, the town was governed by indigenous leaders subject to Spanish control. In 1874, the town was named head of the district of Tejupilco de Hidalgo, which included the current municipalities of Temascaltepec, Amatepec, and Tlatlaya but in 1881 the seat was transferred to Temascaltepec.

The current population of the town is 22,041 people.[3]

The municipality[edit]

As municipal seat, Tejupilco de Hidalgo has governing authority over the following communities: Acamuchitlán, Aguacate-Monte de Dios, Almoloya de las Granadas, La Angostura Primera, Las Anonas, Antimonio Pantoja, Santiago Arizmendi (Arizmendi), Arballo, Barranca de Ixtapan, Bejucos, Cacahuananche, Cerro de Cacalotepec (Cacalotepec), Campanario de Ixtapan (El Campanario), La Cañada, Cañadas de San Simón (Cañada de Chivas), Rincón de Carboneras (Carboneras), Cerro de los Elizaldes, El Cirián de la Laguna (El Cirián), El Ciruelo, El Corupo, Cuadrilla de López, Cuadrilla de los Martínez (Los Martínez), Los Melchores de San Lucas (Los Melchores), La Florida (Kilómetro Cinco), Santa Rosa (Las Juntas), Los Cuervos, Cuevillas, Epazotes, La Estancia de Ixtapan, San Miguel Ixtapan, Jalpan (Jalpan San Simón), La Joya de San Lucas, Juluapan (Juloapan), La Labor de Zaragoza, Llano Grande, El Mamey de San Lucas, Mazatepec, La Mesa, Las Mesas de Ixtapan (Las Mesas), Monte de Dios, San Andrés Ocotepec, Ojo de Agua (Rincón de Ugarte), La Palma Cuata (La Palma), Pantoja, Paso del Guayabal (El Paso), Paso de Vigas, Plan del Puente, El Platanal (El Platanal de San Lucas), Plaza de Gallos, El Potrero de Ixtapan (El Potrero), Potrero Grande, Puerto del Aire, Rincón de Aguirre, Rincón del Guayabal, Rincón del Carmen, Lodo Prieto, Rincón de Ugarte, Río Chiquito, Río de Aquiagua (Aquiagua), Río Grande, Salitre de Acamuchitlán (El Salitre), San Gabriel Pantoja, San José de la Laguna, San Lucas del Maíz (San Lucas), San Mateo (San Mateo Ixtapan), Sauz de San Lucas (El Sauz), Tejapan Limones (Tejapan), Tenería (Pueblo Nuevo), Tirados, Zacatepec, El Zapote de Ixtapan (El Zapote), Las Juntas del Salto, Llano Grande (Llano Grande de San Lucas), Salitre de San Lucas, El Salto (El Salto Dos), El Sauz Ocotepec (El Sauz), Suquitila, Rincón de Jaimes, Las Ánimas, Las Juntas, Ilamos, El Picacho del Rincón del Guayabal, Cuadrilla de Leones, Barro Prieto, El Zapote de Acamuchitlán(El Zapote), Agua Bendita, Ocoyapan, La Parota (Rancho las Parotas), Cerro Gordo, Los Nopales, Jumiltepec, Mesa de Gallos (El Llano), Potrero del Guayabal, Puerto de Jalpan (Jalpa), San Francisco, Los Baños, La Calera, El Carmen de Ixtapan, La Cabecera (Cabecera de los Arrayanes), La Cuitacera, La Guitarra, Hacienda de Ixtapan, Las Ilamas, Las Juntas de Ixtapan, Naranjo, Chiquito, El Naranjo Grande, Paredes Prietas, Los Pericones, Los Pinzanes (La Pinzanera), Rincón de San Gabriel, Salto Grande, Santa María de las Flores, Tonatilco, Zapote del Ancón, Agua Negra, Fundadora de San Lucas del Maíz, Rancho las Moras (Las Moras), Cerro Alto (Milpa Vieja), Piedra Ancha, Plan de Maguey, Cuadrilla del Molino, Paso de la Parota, La Cofradía (Los Mangos), Planes de la Cofradía (Los Planes), La Calera, El Guayabo, La Bolsa, Coahuilotes, Paso de San Juan, Cerro del Chirimoyo, Pinzán Morado, El Rodeo, Limón de San Lucas del Maíz, Encinos Verdes, Antonio de San Lucas del Maíz, Cerro de Mazatepec, Cerro del Divisadero, Cerro de los Huérfanos, La Laguna de Mazatepec, El Limón de la Estancia, El Ocote, Las Mesas de los Capires (Las Mesas), Puerto la Piedra Labrada (Pto. de Carboneras), Puerto Madroño, El Capire (Colonia el Capire), Lomas de Tejupilco, Colonia México Sesenta y Ocho, Juntas de Zacatepec (El Pedregal 2a. Mza.), Rincón de López, El Capire de Pantoja, Col. Benito Juárez (Lázaro Cárdenas del Río), El Cuagüilote Ojo de Agua (La Pera), El Jumate, Santa Rosa Rincón de Jaimes, Rincón del Naranjo-La Cabecera, Antimonio, Colonia Buenavista Primera Sección, El Puerto del Blanqueadero (Peñas Pintas), Rincón el Sauz Ocotepec, Rinconada de la Labor, El Burrito (El Sauz), Las Lomas (Los Depósitos), El Molino del Salto (Galera del Molino), Rincón Chiquito, Los Colorines, and El Salitre Segunda Seccción.

The total municipal area is 1,327.56 km sq, and it has a total population of 62,547 people.[3] It borders with Otzoloapan, Zacazonapan, Temascaltepec, San Simón de Guerrero, Amatepec, Sultepec, Texcaltitlán as well as with the states of Michoacán and Guerrero to the west.[2]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the most important economic activity here, using 93,586 hectares, growing corn, beans, avocados and peaches. Livestock raising includes pigs, goats, sheep and domestic fowl. There is also some logging.

Mining is an important alternative activity as there are mineral and non-mineral deposits here, such as the marble deposit in the community of El Zapote. However, none have seriously been commercially exploited yet. Tourism is another possibility that needs to be explored.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]