View of Teknaf, Bangladesh
|District||Cox's Bazar District|
|• Total||388.68 km2 (150.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||393/km2 (1,020/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|Website||Official Map of Teknaf|
Teknaf (Bengali: টেকনাফ Ṭeknaf) is an Upazila of Cox's Bazar District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It forms the southernmost point in mainland Bangladesh (St. Martin's Island is the southernmost point). The name of the region comes from the Naf River which forms the Eastern boundary of the upazila. It shares the border with Burma.
Teknaf is located at. It has 23675 units of house hold and total area 388.68 km². The tidal range at the Teknaf coastal area is strong influenced Naaf river estuary. The area is blessed with a warm tropical climate and sufficient rainfall which enable to support a wide biological diversity.
As of the 1991 Bangladesh census, Teknaf has a population of 152557. Males constitute 51.81% of the population, and females 48.19%. This Upazila's eighteen up population is 64417. Teknaf has an average literacy rate of 16.6% (7+ years), and the national average of 32.4% literate.
Teknaf has 6 Unions/Wards, 13 Mauzas/Mahallas, and 133 villages.
Because of its geographical location this subdistrict has developed as an interesting place for the foreign and local tourists. Because of the tropical weather of Bangladesh most tourists usually go to visit this place during winter or in between winter and autumn (October to March). It is about 90 km far away from Cox's Bazar and well connected with various kinds of transportation services. There are numerous historical educational institutions in Teknaf union such as Teknaf College, Teknaf Pilot High School and Teknaf Govt. Primary School.
Teknaf Peninsula is one of the longest sandy beach ecosystems (80 km) in the world. It represents a transitional ground for the fauna of the Indo-Himalayan and Indo-Malayan ecological sub-regions. Important habitats at the site include mangrove, mudflats, beaches and sand dunes, canals and lagoons and marine habitat. Mangrove forest occurs in Teknaf peninsula both as natural forest with planted stands and mostly distributed in the intertidal zone. the Teknaf peninsula mangroves supports the habitat of 161 different fisheries species (Chowdhury et al., 2011). Teknaf reserved forest is one of the oldest reserved forests in Bangladesh.
- "Population Census Wing, BBS.". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
- Chowdhury, Shah Nawaz; Praba Barua, M. Sahadat Hossain and Nani Gopal Das (2011-01-01). "Mr.". Journal of Coastal Conservation. 15 (1) 15 (1): 163–180. doi:10.1007/s11852-010-0130-3.
- "Teknef forest".
- Md. Mainuddin (2012). "Teknaf Upazila". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.