Telecommunications in Austria
This article concerns the systems of telecommunication in Austria. Austria has a highly developed and efficient telephone network, and has a number of radio and television broadcast stations. The country code for Austria is "AT", the ccTLD is ".at".
Telephone and Internet 
As of 2004, Austria possesses around four million main telephone lines, of which 3.6 million are analogue main lines, with a further 400 000 Integrated Services Digital Network connections. Additionally, there are 300 000 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Lines. In terms of mobile telecom, in 2005, there were 8,153,900 mobile telephones in use. There are 37 internet service providers in Austria, serving 3.7 million internet users.
The telephone system is well developed and efficient and domestically, there are 48 main lines to every 100 people. Fibre-optic coverage is extensive and a full range of telephone and internet services are available via the network. In terms of international communications, Austria has 2 Intelsat satellite earth stations (one Atlantic Ocean and one Indian Ocean), and one Eutelsat satellite earth station. Additionally, there are around 600 very small aperture terminals, as of 2002.
Mobile Phone Networks 
The Austrian mobile phone market is highly competitive, with some of the cheapest rates in Europe. Due to the geographical structures of Austria (Mountains, Flat lands, Lakes) many providers use it as a "Testing Range" for new services.
First Generation Networks
D-Netz by Austrian Telekom. This network was switched off at the end of the 1990s.
Second Generation Networks
There are three nationwide GSM networks which also support additional brands and MVNOs.
- A1: originally mobilkom. It now runs a mixed GSM-900, GSM-1800 and UMTS network. Also provides service for MVNO's bob, B-free (owned by A1), and Red Bull Mobile.
- t-mobile: originally max mobil. It now runs a mixed GSM-900, GSM-1800 and UMTS network. Also marketed as telering as a separate brand.
- Orange: originally One (until September 2008). A mixed GSM-1800 and UMTS network. Since end 2011 owned by Drei/Hutchinson Whampoa. Also provides service for the MVNO known as Yess!
Third Generation Networks
- Drei (3): Owned by Hutchinson Whampoa, a Hong Kong based company and runs its own UMTS network.
Mobile number portability has been introduced 2008, allowing users to retain their mobile phone numbers when switching between network operators. The original area codes allocated to each operator can no longer be used to determine which network a subscriber is registered with.
Broadband Internet access 
Internet in Austria is typically received over DSL and cable. However, mobile services employing UMTS/HSDPA and LTE are rapidly gaining ground due to fierce market competition. SDSL and optical fiber access is also available.
Some cable and DSL contracts offer reductions for university students.
Typical speeds received are up to 30Mbit download and 5Mbit upload over DSL (Up to 50Mbit download over VDSL), and up to 100Mbit Download and 10Mbit upload over cable. There are also a number of smaller, local centered ISPs typically providing services in a city, district or state over their own infrastructure but most are also able to deliver services Austria wide by using resold Telekom Austria lines/capacity with value added services (Static IPs and IPv6 for example). Notable are: Hotze.com in Tyrol, Xpirio in Carinthia and Styria and i3b/Ascus Telecom Austria wide.
Some ISPs offer up to 100Mbit speed over DOCSIS 3.0 or FTTH: UPC Fiber Power (In most bigger citys Austria wide, up to 100Mbit Download and 10Mbit Upload) over a FTTB variation with coaxial cable as inhouse cabling / Blizznet (in some districts of Vienna, up to 100Mbit Download and 100Mbit Upload) as Fiber to the Home. Business/Datacenter internet connections and carrier uplinks with speeds up to 100Gbit as well as wavelength and darkfiber services for data transport in and between cities are available as well, with the main connection point being Vienna where most carriers have one or more POPs in their own or carrier neutral datacenters.
Flatrates are the most common plans, a transfer limit does not exist at most providers, with the exception of mobile internet access which is usually shaped to a certain speed after the transfer limit is reached Some ISPs (Three notably) offer flatrates for mobile access as well.
Radio and television 
There are 2 AM, 160 FM and 1 shortwave radio broadcast stations, with several hundred FM repeaters. In 1997, there were 6.08 million radios in Austria. In terms of television, there are 45 broadcast stations, with in excess of 1000 repeaters. These serve the 4.25 million televisions in the country (by 1997 figures).
The largest broadcasting cooperations are:
- ATV: privately held
- Puls 4: privately held
- Servus TV: privately held
- Austria 9 TV: privately held
See also 
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.