Telecommunications in Bangladesh

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The liberalisation of Bangladesh’s telecommunications sector began with small steps in 1989 with the issuance of a licence to a private operator for the provision of inter alia cellular mobile services to compete with Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB), the previous monopoly provider of telecommunications services within Bangladesh. Significant changes in the number of fixed and mobile services deployed in Bangladesh occurred in the late 1990s and the number of services in operation have subsequently grown exponentially in the past five years.

The incentives both from government and public sectors have helped the industry grow and it is now one of the biggest industries in Bangladesh. As a populous country, its huge market has attracted many foreign investors.

Telecommunication[edit]

The telecom sector in Bangladesh is rapidly emerging. Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) is the regulatory authority for this sector, overseeing licensing, policy, etc.

The calling code of Bangladesh is +880. There are also several SubCodes.

History[edit]

Landmarks in the history of telecom industry in Bangladesh[1]

  • 1853 : Telegraph branch under Posts and Telegraph Department, British India.
  • 1971 : Reconstructed as Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Department under Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications.
  • 1975 : Reconstructed as Telegraph and Telephone Board.
  • 1979 : Reconstructed as Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB) with right to issue license for telecom and wireless services.
  • 1981 : Digital Telex Exchange in Bangladesh.
  • 1983 : Automatic Digital ITX started in Dhaka.
  • 1985 : Coinbox Telephone service introduced in Bangladesh by BTTB.
  • 1989 : GENTEX Telegraph messaging service introduced in Bangladesh.
  • 1989 : Bangladesh Rural Telecom Authority got license to operate exchanges in 200 upazilla.
  • 1989 : Sheba Telecom got license to operate exchange is 199 upazilla.
  • 1989 : Cellular mobile phone company Pacific Bangladesh Telephone Limited and Bangladesh Telecom got license.
  • 1995 : Card Telephone service introduced in Bangladesh by BTTB and TSS.
  • 1995 : Regulatory power of BTTB transferred to Ministry (MoPT).
  • 1995 : 2nd and 3rd ITX installed in Dhaka.
  • 1996 : GrameenPhone got cellular mobile Telephone license.
  • 1996 : Telecom Malaysia International Bangladesh got cellular mobile license.
  • 1998 : Telecom Policy.
  • 2000 : Global Telecom Service (GTS) Telex Exchange venture with British Teleco.
  • 2001 : Telecommunication Act, to establish Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).
  • 2002 : ICT Policy.
  • 2004 : Teletalk cellular mobile launched.
  • 2005 : Egypt-based Orascom acquired Sheba Telecom
  • 2006 : NGN[disambiguation needed] introduced in BTTB.
  • 2008 : BTTB converted into Bangladesh Telecommunications Company Limited (BTCL) with 100% shares owned by Government. The Submarine Cable Project transformed into Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Limited (BSCCL)
  • 2008 : Japanese NTT DoCoMo bought 30 percent stake in Aktel
  • 2009 : Bharti Airtel acquired 70 percent stake in Warid Telecom
  • 2009 : Internet Protocol Telephony Service Provider (IPTSP) Operators launched.
  • 2010 : Aktel rebranded to Robi Axiata Limited
  • 2012 : 3G mobile service is introduced by state owned Teletalk in October.[2][3]
  • 2013 : 3G auction held for private companies
  • 2014 : 64 districts covered with 3G by Grameenphone, Banglalink and Robi

Structure[edit]

Bangladesh Telecom Network Topology

As defined in the National Telecommunications Policy 1998 and International Long Distance Telecommunications Services (ILDTS) Policy 2007, all mobile operators is to interconnect through Interconnection Exchange (ICX) and all international calls to be handled by International Gateway (IGW) which is to be connected to the mobile and fixed operators through the ICXs.

The Interconnection Exchange (ICX) will receive all calls from the mobile and fixed operators whenever the call is made to other network and will pass it to the destination network if the call is local, and will pass to the IGWs if the call is international. ICX will also deliver calls received from IGWs where the call is destined.[4]

Below illustrate the structure of interconnection between different interfaces.

Service providers[edit]

Public switched telephone network[edit]

The number of public switched telephone network (PSTN) subscribers in Bangladesh as of February 2009 was 1.372 million.[5] PSTN operators in Bangladesh include:

Mobile phone operators[edit]

There are 6 mobile phone operators in Bangladesh, operating under the names of Airtel, Banglalink, Citycell, Grameenphone, Robi and TeleTalk. The number of mobile phone subscribers in Bangladesh as of March 2013 was 99.87 million,[6] having risen from the February 2009 figure of 45.21 million.[7]

Long distance operators (as per ILDTS Policy 2007)[edit]

On February 25, 2008 the Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission awarded licenses for two Interconnection Exchanges (ICX), three International Gateways (IGw), and one International Internet Gateway (IIG) to six firms through an open auction in February 2008. The incumbent BTTB got the same licenses too. And after then On April 12, 2012 the Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission awarded licenses for twenty one Interconnection Exchanges (ICX), twenty two International Gateways (IGw), and thirty International Internet Gateway (IIG)Here is the list of all operators:

International Gateway (IGW) operators[edit]
  1. 1Asia Alliance Gateway
  2. Bangladesh International Gateway
  3. Bangla Trac Communications
  4. Bestec Telecom
  5. BG Tel
  6. BTCL
  7. Cel Telecom
  8. DBL Telecom
  9. DigiCon Telecommunications
  10. First Communications
  11. Global Voice Telecom
  12. Hamid Sourcing
  13. HRC Technologies
  14. Hub Tel
  15. Kay Telecommunications
  16. Mir Telecom
  17. Mos5 Tel
  18. Novotel
  19. Platinum Communications
  20. RanksTel
  21. Ratul Telecom
  22. Roots Communication
  23. Sigma Engineers
  24. SM Communication
  25. Telex
  26. Unitrac Communications
  27. Vision Tel
  28. Venus Telecom
Interconnection Exchange (ICX) operators[edit]
  1. Bangla Telecom Ltd.
  2. BTCL
  3. Bangla ICX Ltd.
  4. Agni ICX
  5. Apex Communication Pvt Ltd
  6. CloudTel
  7. GAZI Networks Ltd
  8. GETCO ICX
  9. Imam Network Ltd.
  10. Jibondhara ICX
  11. M M Communications Ltd.
  12. M & H
  13. MicroTrade
  14. Mother Telecom
  15. New Generation Telecom Ltd
  16. Paradise ICX
  17. Purple ICX
  18. RingTech ICX
  19. Cross World Ltd
  20. SR Telecom
  21. Sheba
  22. Softex
  23. Tele Exchange Ltd.
  24. Teleplus Network Ltd
  25. Vertex ICX
  26. VoiceTEL Ltd.
International Internet Gateway (IIG) operator[edit]
  1. 1Asia Alliance Communication
  2. Aamra Companies
  3. Abir Telecommunication
  4. Apple Communication
  5. Bangla Phone Ltd
  6. bdHUB
  7. BD Link Communication
  8. BSCCL
  9. BTCL
  10. Cybergate
  11. Delta Infocom
  12. Earth Telecommunication
  13. Equitel Communications
  14. Fiber @ Home
  15. Global Fair Communications
  16. Greenland Technologies
  17. Intraglobe Communications
  18. Level3 Carrier
  19. Mango Teleservices
  20. MaxNet Online
  21. NovoCom
  22. Radiant Communications Limited
  23. REGO Communications
Internet Protocol Telephony Service Provider (IPTSP) operators[edit]

On August 18, 2009 the Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission commenced awarding licenses for IPTSP. IPTSP operators are regulated by the BTRC.[8] Current IPTSP operators in Bangladesh are:

  • Nationwide:
  1. Access Telecom (BD) Ltd.
  2. ADN Telecom Ltd. (formerly Advanced Data Network Systems Ltd)
  3. Agni Systems Ltd.
  4. Akceycom Ltd.
  5. Akij Online Ltd.
  6. Bangladesh Export Import Company Ltd.
  7. Bangladesh Internet Exchange Ltd.
  8. BDCOM Online Ltd.
  9. BEXIMCO AND SQUARE
  10. BRACNet Ltd.
  11. Broad Band Telecom Services Ltd.
  12. BTS Communications (BD) Ltd., branded as UbernetBD
  13. Communication One (Pvt.) Ltd.
  14. Connect BD Ltd.
  15. Cyber Net Communications
  16. dhakaCom Ltd.
  17. Digital Connectivity Ltd.
  18. Eirtel Services
  19. ERGO Ventures Ltd.
  20. Global Access Ltd.
  21. HRC Technologies Ltd.
  22. Idea Networks And Communications Ltd.
  23. IDS Bangladesh
  24. Information Services Network Ltd.
  25. Innovative Online Ltd.
  26. InterCloud Ltd.
  27. IS PROS Ltd.
  28. Link 3 Technologies Ltd.
  29. MaxNet Online
  30. MetroNet Bangladesh Ltd., branded as MetroTel
  31. Nreach Net (Pvt.) Ltd.
  32. Off Line
  33. Pritty International (Pvt) Ltd.
  34. Ranks ITT Ltd.
  35. Royal Green Online Ltd.
  36. Telnet Communication Ltd.
  37. X-Net Ltd.
  • Central:
  1. Fusion Net
  2. Grameen Cybernet Ltd.
  3. IT Connect Ltd.
  4. J F Optical Services
  5. M/s. Media & Multimedia
  6. Next Online Ltd. (Nextfone)
  7. SADIATEC Ltd.
  8. Sine-10 (BD) Ltd.
  • Zonal:
  1. Chittagong Online Ltd.
  2. Chittagong Telecom Services Ltd.
  3. First n Fast IT Ltd.
  4. HN TELECOM
International Terrestrial Cable (ITC) operator[edit]
  1. 1Asia Alliance Communication
  2. BD Link Communication
  3. Fiber @ Home
  4. Mango Teleservices
  5. NovoCom
  6. Summit Communications

Radio[edit]

Radio broadcast stations: AM 12, FM 12, shortwave 2, community radio 1, internet radios

Radios: 6.15 million (1997)

The government owned Betar-Radio Bangladesh operates from Dhaka and other local districts. Currently, the private FM radio channels are very popular. They are trying to attract young people by broadcasting music and news. The operating private radio channels include:

Television[edit]

As of 2012 there are 23 broadcast television stations in Bangladseh, including the state-run BTV and BTV World, with 20 million television sets in the country.

The number of private satellite channels is growing. The first private channel in Bangladesh was ATN Bangla. There are 5 full-fledged news channels (Somoy TV, ATN News, Independent Television, Ekattor and Jamuna TV). Gaan Bangla, the first full-time music channel in Bangladesh, commenced operations by October 2013.

Internet[edit]

The first connectivity in Bangladesh with the internet was in 1996. Though it was somewhat late, over the past few years growth has been rapid. The government's high internet tariff is impeding the growth of this sector.[citation needed] Recently the government has decided to reduce the tariff 50%.[9]

The internet country code of Bangladesh is .bd.

As of 2005 more than 180 Internet Service Providers are operating in the country.[10] ISP's are regulated by the Bangladesh telecommunication regulatory commission (BTRC).

The number of internet users in Bangladesh as of March 2009 is over 600,000, compared to 100,000 in 2000.[11] However, only 0.3% of the population use the internet, thus making Bangladesh the lowest usage percentage per population of the internet in the world with the exception of North Korea, Myanmar and Sierra Leone.[12]

In April 2010 Akhtaruzzaman Manju, president of the Internet Service Providers' Association of Bangladesh, told Xinhua that the country's six cell phone operators and Internet Service Providers have so far provided over 800,000 internet connections. "We've estimated that nearly 10 million people in the country are using 800,000 internet connections on a shared basis," he said, adding the number of internet users in the country is increasing yearly by around 15–16 percent.[13]

A 2009 study by the Boston Consulting Group found that the number of Internet subscribers in Bangladesh is likely to reach 18.3 million by the year 2020, equivalent to a 32 percent household Internet penetration, which will result in a 2.6 per cent contribution to the country’s GDP while creating 129,000 more jobs. the research added.[14]

Broadband Internet access[edit]

Though broadband internet access is available, the cost of high speed connection is higher than in other south Asian countries. Broadband internet and e-commerce in Bangladesh is slowly progressing. WiMAX service is now available from some internet service providers. In Bangladesh broadband is legally defined as 128/128 kbit/s, which is not in line with ITU standards.[15]

The ISPs currently providing broadband services in Bangladesh are:

International[edit]

There are 6 satellite earth stations. Talimabad, Betbunia are two of them. Some info shows that the number is now 7. Bangladesh will send its first ever satellite Bangabandhu-1 into space in 2015.

Submarine cables[edit]

Bangladesh is connected to SEA-ME-WE 4 or South-East Asia – Middle East – Western Europe 4. The landing site of the Bangladesh branch is located at Cox's Bazaar. Bangladesh is also a member of the proposed SEA-ME-WE 5, which will provide another submarine cable connectivity for the country when its submarine cable is implemented within a couple of years. The company, BSCCL is the only submarine cable operator in Bangladesh.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]