Telecommunications in Bulgaria

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Blaw-Knox tower and two mast antennae, Vakarel radio transmitter

Telecommunications in Bulgaria include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Radio and television[edit]

  • Radio broadcast stations: AM 31, FM 63, shortwave 2 (2001).
  • Radio broadcast hours: 525,511 (2003).
  • Television broadcast stations: 39 (2001).
  • Television broadcast hours: 498,091 (2003).

Telephones[edit]

  • Main lines in use: 2.3 million (2007).
  • Mobile cellular: 9.87 million lines, 110% penetration rate (2007).
  • Telephone system:
    • General assessment: an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network inherited from the Soviet era; quality has improved; the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 when alternative fixed-line operators were given access to its network; a drop in fixed-line connections in recent years has been more than offset by a sharp increase in mobile-cellular telephone use fostered by multiple service providers; the number of cellular telephone subscriptions now exceeds the population
    • Domestic: a fairly modern digital cable trunk line now connects switching centers in most of the regions; the others are connected by digital microwave radio relay
    • International: country code – 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraine and Russia; a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system provides connectivity to Italy, Albania, and Macedonia; satellite earth stations – 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Atlantic Ocean region, 2 Intelsat in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions) (2007).

Internet[edit]

Main article: Internet in Bulgaria
  • Top-level domains: .bg[1] and .бг (proposed, Cyrillic).
  • Internet users:
    • 3.9 million users, 72nd in the world; 55.1% of the population, 74th in the world (2012);[2][3]
    • 3.4 million users, 63rd in the world (2009);[1]
    • 1.9 million users (2007).
  • Fixed broadband: 1.2 million subscriptions, 52nd in the world; 17.6% of population, 53rd in the world (2012).[2][4]
  • Wireless broadband: 2.8 million, 55th in the world; 40.3% of the population, 41st in the world (2012).[5]
  • Internet hosts:
    • 976,277 hosts, 47th in the world (2012);[1]
    • 513,470 (2008).
  • IPv4: 4.2 million addresses allocated, 0.1% of the world total, 589.7 addresses per 1000 people, 51st in the world (2012).[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

  1. ^ a b c "Communications: Bulgaria", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 January 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  3. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  4. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  6. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  7. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.