Telecommunications in Ghana
|Land Line Terminals||285 Thousands (2012)|
|Mobile Phones||26.4 Millions (2013)|
Telecommunications is the main economic sector of Ghana according to the statistics of the World Bank due to the Ghana liberal policy around Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Among the main sectors of investments, 65% is for ICT, 8% for communications and 27% is divided for public administration.
Ghana's telecommunications statistics indicated that as of 2012 there was 284,981 telephone lines in operation, and as of 2013 there are 26,336,000 cell phone lines in operation. The prefix code of Ghana for international calls is +233.
In 2010, Ghana authorized 2 fixed phone companies to operate in Ghana and authorized 6 mobile phone companies to operate in Ghana of which only 1 was not operating in 2010. Mobile phone companies that are currently authorized for operations are: Mobile Telecommunications Networks (MTN), Vodafone Ghana acquired by Telecom Ghana, Tigo, Bharti Airtel acquired Western Telesystems Ltd (Westel), Kasapa Telecom Ltd which is a enterprise of Chinese origin, now Expresso Telecom, and Glo Mobile Ghana Limited.
The mass media industryof Ghana has a lot of follow-up, with press services and newspapers as other means of mass communications through leading Ghanaian newspapers, such as: Ghana Business and Financial Times, Daily Graphic, Ghana Review International, Ghanaian Times, The Heritage, and The Ghanaian Chronicle. In addition, Ghana has strings of satellite television and radio broadcasting industry, such as: TV Africa, Metro TV, TV3, Broadcasting Corporation, GTV and Viasat 1.
In 2010, Ghana authorized 140 radio stations of which 84 were in operation and 32 television stations with approximately 26 in operation. The Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) founded by decree in 1968, and is the Ghanaian state agency that provides civilian radio and television services and was created for the development of education sector, entertainment sector and knowledge of the Ghana population.
The mass media of Ghana is among the most liberal in Africa, with Ghana ranking as the 3rd most freest in Africa and 30th most free in the world on the world wide press freedom Index. Chapter 12 of the Constitution of Ghana guarantees freedom of the Ghanaian press and the independence of the mass media, and in Chapter 2 prohibits censorship. The Ghanaian press freedom was restored in 1992.
|Mobile Phone / Smart Phone||16,031,979||16,248,650||16,333,371||16,647,298||16,806,389||16,963,083||16,611,160||16,651,168|
Competition among mobil phone companies in Ghana is an important part of the telecommunications industry growth of Ghana, with companies obtaining more than 80 per 100 persons as mobil phone and fixed phone users.
The internet code of Ghana is .gh and Ghana was one of the first countries in Africa to achieve the connection to the World Wide Web. The Republic of Ghana has the 4th fastest Internet connection on the African continent and the 87th fastest internet connection in the world, out of 182 countries. In recent years Ghana has taking into account population growth and the use of the Internet reflects an aggressive and rapid improvement:
In 2011, Ghana's internet subscription rose sharply, and in 2010, there were 165 licensed internet service providers in Ghana and they were running 29 of the fiber optic, and authorized networks VSAT operators were 176, of which 57 functioned, and 99 internet operators were authorized to the public, and private data and packet-switched network operators were 25.
The data above indicates that in 2012, Ghana had 14 million users of the internet and in 2013. The Ghanaian fiber optic underwater SAT-3/WASC fiber optic cable and MainOne with several other cables provide internet connectivity to South Africa, Asia, South America and Europe.
- Jonnie Akakpo (October 2008). Rural Access: Options and Challenges for Connectivity and Energy in Ghana. International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD)/Ghana Information Network for Knowledge Sharing
(GINKS). p. 41.
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- Atteneri Nabila Benítez Trujillo. Information of Telecomunications in Ghana (in Spanish). Proexca, 2010. Accessdate 24 April 2013.
- "Expresso takes over Kasapa Telecom, pledges good services". Ghana News Agency. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Media Communication of Ghana". Leisure Online (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- Ministry of Information. "Government of Ghana". Accessed February 06, 2013.
- Ghana culture and media "Country Facts". Accessed February 06, 2013.
- Ghana: Internet Usage and Telecommunications Report. Internet World Stats. Accessdate 24 April 2013.
- "Ookla: Household Download Index". Ookla Net Metrics. Speedtest.net. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- Internet Usage Statistics for Africa. internetworldstats.com. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- Ghana to start eastern corridor fibre-optic project. telecompaper.com. Accessdate 24 April 2013.