Telecommunications in Peru

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A document from the Peruvian Telephone Company, Lima, 1895.

The technical regulator of communications in Peru is the Presidency of the Minister Council, through the Organismo Supervisor de la Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (OSIPTEL) in English, Supervisory Agency for Private Investment in Telecommunications.

Telephones[edit]

  • Main fixed lines in use: 3,443,479 (June 2011).[1]
  • Number of unique mobile subscribers: 15.2 million (end of 2013). [2]
  • Number of mobile connections: 29.6 million (end of 2013). [3]
  • System: privatization began in 1994; adequate for most requirements. Fixed-line teledensity is about 11 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity, spurred by competition among multiple providers, has increased to about 107 telephones per 100 persons; nationwide microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations.
  • International: country code - 51; the South America-1 (SAm1) and Pan American (PAN-AM) submarine cable systems provide links to parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, and US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Radio[edit]

  • Broadcast stations: AM 472, FM 198, shortwave 189 (1999)[4]
  • Radios: 24 million (2005)

Television[edit]

Internet[edit]

Internet censorship and surveillance[edit]

In 2011 the OpenNet Initiative reported no evidence of Internet filtering in all areas (political, social, conflict/security, and Internet tools) for which it tests.[8]

There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet and no reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms. Individuals and groups engage in the free expression of views via the Internet, including by e-mail. The chief impediment to Internet access is a lack of infrastructure.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OSIPTEL - Organismo Regulador de las Telecomunicaciones del Perú, Líneas telefónicas instaladas por empresa, [1]
  2. ^ GSMA Intelligence, Mobile for Development - Country Overview: Peru, [2]
  3. ^ GSMA Intelligence, Mobile for Development - Country Overview: Peru, [3]
  4. ^ a b c "Peru", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
  5. ^ OSIPTEL - Organismo Regulador de las Telecomunicaciones del Perú, Suscriptores de TV paga por empresa
  6. ^ IndexMundi.com - Perú, Número de usuarios de Internet
  7. ^ OSIPTEL - Número de suscriptores según tecnología de acceso y tipo de suscriptor - Junio de 2011
  8. ^ OpenNet Initiative "Summarized global Internet filtering data spreadsheet", 20 September 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  9. ^ "Peru", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2010, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 8 April 2011.