Telecommunications in Togo

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Telecommunications in Togo include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Radio and television[edit]

Radio stations: state-owned radio network with multiple stations; several dozen private radio stations and a few community radio stations; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2007).[1]

Television stations: two state-owned TV stations with multiple transmission sites; 5 private TV stations broadcast locally; cable TV service is available (2007).[1]

Private media in Togo have proliferated, with dozens of commercial and community radios and a handful of private TV stations in operation. Radio is the most popular medium, particularly in rural areas. The main TV station is the government-owned Television Togolaise.[2]

The radio services of the BBC World Service, Gabon's Africa No. 1, and Radio France Internationale (RFI) are all available.[2]

Telephone[edit]

Calling code: +228[1]

International call prefix: 00[3]

Main lines:

  • 225,000 lines in use, 127th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 213,800 lines in use, 126th in the world (2010).[1]

Mobile cellular:

  • 3.5 million lines, 124th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 2.5 million lines, 129th in the world (2010).[1]

Telephone system: fair system based on network of microwave radio relay routes supplemented by open-wire lines and cellular system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 50 telephones per 100 persons with mobile-cellular use predominating (2010).[1]

Satellite earth stations: 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Symphonie (2010).[1]

Communications cables: West Africa Cable System (WACS), a submarine cable linking countries along the west coast of Africa with each other and with Portugal and the United Kingdom;[5] GLO-1 which links countries along the west coast of Africa to each other and to Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.[6]

Internet[edit]

Top-level domain: .tg[1]

Internet users:

  • 278,442 users, 144th in the world; 4.0% of the population, 191st in the world (2012);[7][8]
  • 356,300 users, 123rd in the world (2009).[1]

Fixed broadband: 5,560 subscriptions, 158th in the world; 0.1% of the population, 170th in the world (2012).[7][9]

Wireless broadband: 47,892 subscribers, 125th in the world; 0.7% of the population, 135th in the world (2012).[10]

Internet hosts:

  • 1,168 hosts, 170th in the world (2012);[4]
  • 1,165 hosts, 169th in the world (2011).[1]

IPv4: 13,312 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 1.9 addresses per 1000 people (2012).[11][12]

Internet censorship and surveillance[edit]

There are no known government restrictions on access to the Internet or reports the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight. Although the constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, the government restricts these rights.[13]

The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these prohibitions. In criminal cases a judge or senior police official may authorize searches of private residences. Citizens believe the government monitors telephones and correspondence, although such surveillance has not been confirmed.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Communications: Togo", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (via the Internet Archive), 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Togo profile", BBC News, 28 March 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  3. ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Communications: Togo", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  5. ^ "WACS: West Africa Cable System", Tata Communications. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Glo Mobile to expand West Africa fibre network", IT Web Africa, 20 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  7. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  8. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  9. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  11. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  12. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Togo", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 22 March 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2014.

External links[edit]

  • CAFE (French), C.A.F.E. Informatique et Telecommunications.
  • NetMaster.tg (French), by NIC.tg.