Telecommunications in Ukraine

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Telecommunications is the most modern, diverse and fast-growing sector in the economy of Ukraine. Unlike country's dominating export industries, the telecommunications, as well as the related Internet sector, remain largely unaffected by the global economic crisis, ranking high in European and global rankings.

The industry also leads in demonopolization of Ukraine's economy as Ukrtelekom (once the country's sole telephone provider) was successfully privatized, and is now losing its retail market share to independent, foreign-invested private providers.

The entire population of Ukraine now has telephone and/or mobile phone connection;[1] Internet access is universally-available in cities and main transport corridors, expanding into smaller settlements.

Ukraine's telecommunication development plan emphasizes further improving domestic trunk lines, international connections, and the mobile cellular system.

International data network[edit]

Two new domestic trunk lines are a part of the fiber-optic Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) system and three Ukrainian links have been installed in the fiber-optic Trans-European Lines (TEL) project that connects 18 countries; additional international service is provided by the Italy-Turkey-Ukraine-Russia (ITUR) fiber-optic submarine cable and by earth stations in the Intelsat, Inmarsat, and Intersputnik satellite systems.

Fixed telephone network[edit]

Telephones - main lines in use: 12.681 million (2011)

At independence in December 1991, Ukraine inherited a telephone system that was antiquated, inefficient, and in disrepair; more than 3.5 million applications for telephones could not be satisfied; telephone density is now rising and the domestic trunk system is being improved; about one-third of Ukraine's networks are digital, and the majority of regional centers now have digital switching stations. Improvements in local networks and local exchanges continue to lag.

Several independent fixed network providers established themselves on the country's retail market, although Ukrtelecom still dominates it.

Mobile phone networks[edit]

Market penetration[edit]

The mobile cellular telephone system's expansion has slowed, largely due to the saturation of the market, which has reached 125 mobile phones per 100 people.

Telephones - mobile cellular: 55.578 million (2011)

Mobile phone networks[edit]

Mobile phone operators (as of March 2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Kyivstar GSM 23 Telenor (56.51%), Alfa Group (43.49%)
2 MTS GSM, CDMA 19 MTS (100%)
3 life:) GSM 9 Turkcell (54.2%), SCM Holdings (45.8%)
4 Beeline GSM 2 VimpelCom
5 Utel UMTS 0.3 Ukrtelecom
6 PEOPLEnet CDMA 0.3 Telesystems of Ukraine
7 Intertelecom CDMA 0.3 Intertelecom company
8 CDMA Ukraine CDMA 0.3 International Telecommunication Company (ITC)
9 Velton CDMA  ? Velton Telecom
10 Golden Telecom GSM 0.05 Golden Telecom Inc. (GLDN)

Radio broadcast stations[edit]

300 (2007)

Ukrainian Amateur Radio League

Internet in Ukraine[edit]

Main article: Internet in Ukraine
  • country code - .ua
  • Internet hosts: 2.173 million (2012)
  • Internet users: 16.79 million (2012)

Telecommunications-related government bodies[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ,except for a few very remote and scarcely-inhabited settlements

External links[edit]

Industry-specific media[edit]

  • Watcher: (Ukrainian) - Ukrainian Internet business and marketing online newspaper
  • ProIT (Russian) - Ukrainian IT industry online newspaper
  • AIN (Russian) - Ukrainian IT industry online newspaper

Other[edit]