Telefónica Czech Republic

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O2 Czech Republic, a.s.
Industry Telecommunications
Founded 2006 (merger of Český Telecom & Eurotel)
Headquarters Michle, Prague, Czech Republic
Products Voice, Internet access, Mobile communications services & related goods, ICT
Revenue Decrease52.4 billion (2012)
Increase15.5 billion (2012)
Increase10 billion (2012)
Owner PPF
Number of employees
7 522[1]
Subsidiaries Telefónica Slovakia; Telefónica Business Solutions; CZECH TELECOM Austria GmbH; CZECH TELECOM Germany GmbH
Former Český Telecom logo
Former Český Telecom logo
Former Eurotel logo
Former Eurotel logo

Telefónica Czech Republic (operating under the O2 brand) is a major integrated operator in the Czech Republic. It is now operating more than six million lines, both fixed and mobile, making it one of the Czech Republic’s leading providers of fully converged services. Telefónica Czech Republic operates a fixed and mobile network including a 3rd generation network, CDMA (for data), UMTS and EDGE, enabling voice, data and video transmission. Telefónica Czech Republic is also a provider of ICT services

Previously two companies, fixed-line operator Český Telecom and mobile operator Eurotel, it was acquired by the Spanish company Telefónica in 2005 and merged into a single legal entity and given its present name on 1 July 2006.

In 2013 it was announced that Telefónica would sell its stake in the company to PPF and the company would continue to use the O2 brand for a maximum of four years.[2]


The company was initially known as SPT Telecom (Státní telekomunikační podnik, state-owned telecommunications company), and used to have a monopoly for providing fixed-line services. It was reorganized and renamed Český Telecom (Czech Telecom), after the Velvet Divorce saw Czechoslovakia separate into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993.

Its mobile subsidiary, Eurotel, was founded in 1990 as a joint venture between SPT (51%) and the American joint venture Atlantic West (between US WEST International, Inc. and Bell Atlantic International Inc.). On launch it received an exclusive five-year licence to operate a public data network, and a 20-year licence for the 450 MHz band to operate an analogue NMT mobile phone network, and automatically also a right to buy a licence to the future GSM network.

In 2001, it won a license to the third-generation UTMS network. It paid 1 billion korunas immediately, and promised to pay an additional 2.5 billion korunas annually. It also agreed to launch the service commercially, at least in Prague, by 1 January 2005. In 2003, it received a one-year extension in exchange for faster payments. In 2005 it was granted another year-long extension due to the granting of a third licence to Vodafone. In the event, UMTS services launched on 1 November 2005. On 1 May 2006, the company launched HSDPA services on top of UMTS services.

In 2004 it launched CDMA/1xEV-DO broadband wireless service (data-only) at 450 MHz, leveraging its legacy NMT network.

Type of service Number of customers (in thousands) at the end of the year
2010 2009
Fixed lines 1 669 1 771
ADSL 806 725
Pay TV – O2 TV 129 138
Active mobile users in the Czech Republic 4 839 4 945
– postpaid 2 864 2 814
– prepaid 1 975 2 130
Active mobile users in the Slovakia 880 553


  1. ^ Telefónica O2 Czech Republic - Financial and Operational Data Overview (2010)
  2. ^ Telefónica Agrees the Sale of Telefónica Czech Republic to PPF for 2,467 mln euros

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