Valdemar Poulsen (c. 1898)
|Born||23 November 1869
|Died||23 July 1942|
|Significant projects||magnetic wire recorder|
He was born on 23 November 1869 in Copenhagen.
The magnetic recording was demonstrated in principle as early as 1898 by Valdemar Poulsen in his telegraphone. Magnetic wire recording, and its successor, magnetic tape recording, involve the use of a magnetizable medium which moves past a recording head. An electrical signal, which is analogous to the sound that is to be recorded, is fed to the recording head, inducing a pattern of magnetization similar to the signal. A playback head (which may be the same as the recording head) can then pick up the changes in the magnetic field from the tape and convert them into an electrical signal.
Poulsen obtained a Telegraphone Patent in 1898, and with his assistant, Peder O. Pedersen, later developed other magnetic recorders that recorded on steel wire, tape, or disks. None of these devices had electronic amplification, but the recorded signal was easily strong enough to be heard through a headset or even transmitted on telephone wires. At the 1900 World's Fair in Paris, Poulsen had the chance to record the voice of Emperor Franz Josef of Austria which is believed to be the oldest surviving magnetic audio recording today.
He died on 23 July 1942.
A stamp was issued in honor of Poulsen in 1969.
- "1898 – 1998 Poulsen's patent". 100 years of magnetic recording.
- Ten-second YouTube video of the 1900 recording of the Austro-Hungarian emperor Franz Joseph.
- Katz, Eugenii, "Valdemar Poulsen". Biosensors & Bioelectronics.
- Poulsen, Valdemar, "US PAT No. 661,619 Method of Recordings and Reproducing Sounds or Signals". Magnetic Tape Recorder.
- 1900 World Exposition recording of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria by means of Poulsen's telegraphone.