Teleorman County

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Teleorman redirects here. For the river, see Teleorman River.
Teleorman County
Județul Teleorman
County
Coat of arms of Teleorman County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Teleorman county highlighted
Country Romania
Historical region Muntenia
Capital Alexandria, Romania
Area
 • Total 5,790 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
Area rank 19th
Population (2011)
 • Total 360,178
 • Rank 24th
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 247 or (+40) 347[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-TR (TR county)
Website Prefecture

Teleorman (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtele.orman]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with its capital city at Alexandria.

The name Teleorman is of Cumanic (Turkic) origin. It literally means crazy forest (Deli orman) and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language.[2] It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 360,178 and the population density was 62.2/km².

Year County population[4]
1948 487,394
1956 Increase 510,488
1966 Increase 516,222
1977 Increase 518,943
1992 Decrease 482,281
2002 Decrease 436,025
2011 Decrease 360,178

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 5,790 km².

Two distinctive elements can be found:

  • In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain. They are separated by small rivers, which sometimes form deep valleys.
  • In the South there is the Danube valley, very wide, with ponds and small channels.

Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Vedea River, the Teleorman River and the Călmățui River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Mechanical components industry - in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale - vegetables and fruits for Bucharest markets, is practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

Tourism[edit]

1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is very rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them later describing the life in a village in a very picturesque way. Also, the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded.

The main tourist destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Teleorman County has 3 municipalities, 2 towns and 93 communes

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ (Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Județul Teleorman, de la 'pădurea nebună' la grânarul țării", Adevărul, January 11, 2013; accessed July 2, 2013
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°39′25″N 25°21′25″E / 43.65694°N 25.35694°E / 43.65694; 25.35694