Telephone numbers in Europe

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Calling codes in Europe

Most country calling codes in European countries start with +3x or +4x. The international access code has been standardised as 00. Some countries that by the Copenhagen criteria are considered part of Europe, use numbers outside that range, namely the Asia range +9:

There are two countries which are geographically in Asia but are considered part of Europe for cultural and historical reasons. They have been assigned country codes in the +3 range:

European Economic Area and Microstates[edit]

Country Country calling code National number length Dialing plan* International Call Prefix
Andorra Andorra 376 6 or 9 (in special cases) fixed 00
Austria Austria 43 4 to 13 variable 00
Belgium Belgium 32 8 (mobile 9) fixed with 0 00
Bulgaria Bulgaria 359 7 to 9 variable 00
Croatia Croatia 385 8 or 9 (some mobile) variable 00
Cyprus Cyprus 357 8 fixed 00
Czech Republic Czech Republic 420 9 fixed 00
Denmark Denmark 45 8 fixed 00
Estonia Estonia 372 7 (fixed or mobile), 8 (mobile) fixed 00
Finland Finland 358 5 to 12 variable 00
France France 33 9 fixed with 0 00
Gibraltar Gibraltar 350 8 fixed 00
Germany Germany 49 3 to 12 variable 00
Greece Greece 30 10 fixed 00
Hungary Hungary 36 8-9 variable 00
Iceland Iceland 354 7 (mobile and landline) or 9 (for 3xxxxxxxx) fixed 00
Republic of Ireland Ireland 353 7 to 9 digits; 10 digits (mobile voicemail) variable 00
Italy Italy 39 8 to 12 fixed 00
Latvia Latvia 371 8 fixed 00
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 423 up to 12 (generally is 7) fixed 00
Lithuania Lithuania 370 8 variable 00
Luxembourg Luxembourg 352 6 to 9 (mobile always 9) fixed 00
Malta Malta 356 8 fixed 00
Monaco Monaco 377 8 to 9 fixed (?) 00
Netherlands Netherlands 31 10 variable 00
Norway Norway 47 4-12 (generally 8) fixed 00
Poland Poland 48 9 fixed 00
Portugal Portugal 351 9 fixed 00
Romania Romania 40 9 fixed with 0 00
San Marino San Marino 378 6 to 12 fixed 00
Slovakia Slovakia 421 9 variable 00
Slovenia Slovenia 386 8 variable 00
Spain Spain 34 9 fixed 00
Sweden Sweden 46 6 to 9 variable 00
Switzerland Switzerland 41 9 fixed with 0 00
United Kingdom United Kingdom 44 9 or 10 digits (geographic); 7, 9 or 10 (non-geographic) variable 00
Vatican City Vatican City 379
EFTA member state Switzerland and the microstates of Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City are not formal part of the EEA, but through a series of agreements are part of the area in practical sense in many areas. Gibraltar is part of the European Union
All EEA member states apply the EU roaming regulations. When travelling within the EEA, the EU price caps apply.

EU Candidates and other European countries[edit]

Country Country calling code National Number Length Dialing plan International Call Prefix
Abkhazia Abkhazia † 995 44 or 7 840 (landline) / 7 940 (mobile) 7 variable 00 or 8~10
Albania Albania 355 8 (fixed), 9 (mobile) variable 00
Armenia Armenia 374 8 variable 00 (was 8~10)
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 994 9 variable 00 (was 8~10)
Belarus Belarus 375 9 variable 00 (was 8~10)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 387 8 variable 00
Georgia (country) Georgia 995 9 variable 00 (was 8~10)
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 7 7 (shares +7 numbering space with Russia) 9 variable 8~10
Kosovo Kosovo † 383 proposed;[1] Serbia, Slovenia, and Monaco codes currently used variable
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia ‡ 389 8 variable 00
Moldova Moldova 373 8 fixed with 0[2] 00 (was 8~10)
Montenegro Montenegro 382 8 (?) variable (?) 00
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno-Karabakh † 374 47 (landline) / 374 97 (mobile) 5 variable 00 (was 8~10)
Russia Russia 7 (shares with Kazakhstan) 10 variable 8~10
Serbia Serbia 381 5 to 9 variable 00
South Ossetia South Ossetia † 995 34 or 7 99534 / 7 997 / 7 929 (mobile) 5 to 7 variable 00 or 8~10
Transnistria Transnistria † 373 5 / 373 2 (Moldova codes used) 7 variable 00 or 8~10
Turkey Turkey 90 10 fixed 00
Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus † 90 392 (landline), 90 533 / 90 542 (mobile) 7 fixed 00
Ukraine Ukraine 380 9 variable 00 (was 8~10)

† = Disputed state, may not be recognised as an independent state by some or all European Union members.

‡ = Name disputed by Greece, EU recognises the Republic of Macedonia as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

*An variable dialing plan has different dialing procedures for local and long distance telephone calls. Another number within the same city or within an area is dial only by the subscriber number, while for calls outside the area, the number must be prefixed with the destination area code. For fixed dialing plan it is always required to dial all digits of the complete telephone number, including any area codes, if implemented.

Harmonised service numbers[edit]

The following service numbers are harmonised across the European Union:

Single numbering plan (1996 proposal)[edit]

Proposed Country Code: 3

In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code '3'. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code '00'. Instead the digit 1 was proposed for these calls, replaced by +3 for call from outside the EU. Each country would have a two-digit country code after the 1 or the +3. Calls inside each country would not be affected.

Option 3 : Creation, in addition to providing numbers for special services, of a clear European numbering identity (three digit numbering codes) by using the number "3" to proceed current national country codes (e.g. "333" for France or "344" for the UK). This would liberate up to 50 new country codes within Europe and allow the current codes starting with number "4" to be recycled within the world-wide numbering plan. [1]

This proposal would have required states like Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark and others, whose country codes began with the digit '4', to return these to the International Telecommunication Union.

This would create four different ways of calling someone. For example, to call a number in Berlin, in Germany:

xxxx xxxx (within Berlin)
030 xxxx xxxx (within Germany)
1 49 30 xxxx xxxx (within the EU)
+3 49 30  xxxx xxxx (outside the EU)
+49 30  xxxx xxxx (current system)

Such a scheme would also have affected Spain which uses +34. For example to call someone in Barcelona:

93x xxxxxx (within Spain)
1 34 93x xxxxxx (within the EU)
+3 34 93x  xxxxxx (outside the EU)
+34 93x  xxxxxx (current system)

States like Ireland, Portugal, Cyprus and Finland, which used codes in the '35x' range, would adopt a different format. For example, to call a number in Dublin, Ireland:

xxxx xxxx (within Dublin)
01 xxxx xxxx (within Ireland)
1 53 1 xxxx xxxx (within the EU)
+3 53 1 xxxx xxxx (outside the EU)
+353 1 xxxx xxxx (current system)

A Green Paper on the proposal was published, but it was felt by many in the industry that the disruption and inconvenience of such a scheme would outweigh any advantages.

A disadvantage would have been that every local number beginning with "1" would have had to be changed (except emergency number which would be kept).

The EU proposal should not be confused with the European Telephony Numbering Space (ETNS) scheme, which uses the country code +388, and was intended to complement, rather than replace, existing national numbering plans.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics.php?yyyy=2013&mm=09&dd=09&nav_id=87597
  2. ^ http://en.anrceti.md/news29032012
  3. ^ "112 – The European emergency number". European Commission – Information Society. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "SOS 112 Europe". Retrieved 31 January 2011.