Telephone numbers in the European Union

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All country calling codes for the European Union countries start with +3 or +4. The international access code has been standardised as 00.

Country calling codes[edit]

State Country calling code National number length Dialing plan* International Call Prefix
Austria Austria 43 4 to 13 Open 00
Belgium Belgium 32 8 (mobile 9) Closed with 0 00
Bulgaria Bulgaria 359 7 to 9 Open 00
Croatia Croatia 385 8 or 9 (some mobile) Open 00
Cyprus Cyprus 357 8 Closed 00
Czech Republic Czech Republic 420 9 Closed 00
Denmark Denmark 45 8 Closed 00
Estonia Estonia 372 7 (fixed or mobile), 8 (mobile) Closed 00
Finland Finland 358 5 to 12 Open 00
France France 33 9 Closed with 0 00
Germany Germany 49 4 to 12 Open 00
Greece Greece 30 10 Closed 00
Hungary Hungary 36 6 (generally) 7 (Budapest, mobile) or 8-9 (some mobile) Open 00
Republic of Ireland Ireland 353 7 to 9 digits; 10 digits (mobile voicemail) Open 00
Italy Italy 39 8 to 11 Closed 00
Latvia Latvia 371 8 Closed 00
Lithuania Lithuania 370 8 Open 00
Luxembourg Luxembourg 352 6 to 9 (mobile always 9) Closed 00
Malta Malta 356 8 Closed 00
Netherlands Netherlands 31 10 Open 00
Poland Poland 48 9 Closed 00
Portugal Portugal 351 9 Closed 00
Romania Romania 40 9 Closed with 0 00
Slovakia Slovakia 421 9 Open 00
Slovenia Slovenia 386 8 Open 00
Spain Spain 34 9 Closed 00
Sweden Sweden 46 6 to 9 Open 00
United Kingdom United Kingdom 44 9 or 10 digits (geographic); 7, 9 or 10 (non-geographic) Open 00

Harmonised service numbers[edit]

The following service numbers are harmonised across the European Union:

Single numbering plan (1996 proposal)[edit]

Proposed Country Code: 3

In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code '3'. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code '00'. Instead the digit 1 was proposed for these calls, replaced by +3 for call from outside the EU. Each country would have a two-digit country code after the 1 or the +3. Calls inside each country would not be affected.

Option 3 : Creation, in addition to providing numbers for special services, of a clear European numbering identity (three digit numbering codes) by using the number "3" to proceed current national country codes (e.g. "333" for France or "344" for the UK). This would liberate up to 50 new country codes within Europe and allow the current codes starting with number "4" to be recycled within the world-wide numbering plan. [1]

This proposal would have required states like Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark and others, whose country codes began with the digit '4', to return these to the International Telecommunication Union.

This would create four different ways of calling someone. For example, to call a number in Berlin, in Germany:

xxxx xxxx (within Berlin)
030 xxxx xxxx (within Germany)
1 49 30 xxxx xxxx (within the EU)
+3 49 30  xxxx xxxx (outside the EU)
+49 30  xxxx xxxx (current system)

Such a scheme would also have affected Spain which uses +34. For example to call someone in Barcelona:

93x xxxxxx (within Spain)
1 34 93x xxxxxx (within the EU)
+3 34 93x  xxxxxx (outside the EU)
+34 93x  xxxxxx (current system)

States like Ireland, Portugal, Cyprus and Finland, which used codes in the '35x' range, would adopt a different format. For example, to call a number in Dublin, Ireland:

xxxx xxxx (within Dublin)
01 xxxx xxxx (within Ireland)
1 53 1 xxxx xxxx (within the EU)
+3 53 1 xxxx xxxx (outside the EU)
+353 1 xxxx xxxx (current system)

A Green Paper on the proposal was published, but it was felt by many in the industry that the disruption and inconvenience of such a scheme would outweigh any advantages.

A disadvantage would have been that every local number beginning with "1" would have had to be changed (except emergency number which would be kept).

The EU proposal should not be confused with the European Telephony Numbering Space (ETNS) scheme, which uses the country code +388, and was intended to complement, rather than replace, existing national numbering plans.


External links[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "112 – The European emergency number". European Commission – Information Society. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "SOS 112 Europe". Retrieved 31 January 2011.