Telipinu

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For the Hittite god, see Telipinu (god).
Telipinu
Predecessor Huzziya I
Religion Hittite mythology
Spouse(s) Queen Ištapariya[1]
Children Harapšeki

Telipinu was a king of the Hittites ca. 1460 BC (short chronology timeline). At the beginning of his reign, the Hittite Empire had contracted to its core territories, having long since lost all of its conquests, made in the former era under Hattusili I and Mursili I – to Arzawa in the West, Mitanni in the East, the Kaskians in the North, and Kizzuwatna in the South.[2]

Biography[edit]

Telipinu was a son-in-law of Ammuna and brother-in-law of Huzziya I as a husband of Ammuna's daughter Ištapariya. During Telipinu’s reign, Huzziya and his five brothers were killed.[3]

He was able to recover a little ground from the Hurrians of Mitanni, by forming an alliance with the Hurrians of Kizzuwatna; however, with the end of his reign, the Hittite Empire enters a temporary "Dark Ages", the Middle Kingdom, lasting around 70 years, when records become too scanty to draw many conclusions.

Telepinu is perhaps most famous for drawing up the Edict of Telepinu which dictated the laws of succession for the Hittite throne. It was designed to stop all the royal murders which had taken place in the previous decades, which had destabilised the empire and reduced the empire to only its heartland.

Family[edit]

Alluwamna was a son-in-law of Telipinu, because he married Princess Harapšeki, and Telipinu was her father.[4]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Transjordanian Palimpsest: The Overwritten Texts of Personal Exile by Jeremy M. Hutton
  2. ^ Birgit Brandau, Hartmut Schickert: Hethiter Die unbekannte Weltmacht
  3. ^ The Kingdom of the Hittites by Trevor Bryce
  4. ^ Biography and family of King Telepinu
Preceded by
Huzziya I
Hittite king
ca. 1460 BC
Succeeded by
Alluwamna