Korean Central Television
|Korean Central Television
|Launched||3 March 1963|
|Owned by||Government of North Korea|
|Picture format||PAL (576i 4:3)|
|Headquarters||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Formerly called||Central Broadcasting Television System
(3 March 1963 – 3 January 1973)
|Replaced||Central Broadcasting Television System
(3 March 1963 – 3 January 1973)
|Analogue||Channel 3 (55.25-MHz)|
|Thaicom 5||3696 H, SR 3367, FEC 2/3|
|Korean Central Television|
|Revised Romanization||Joseon Jung-ang Delrebijyon Bangsong|
|McCune–Reischauer||Chosŏn Chung'ang Telrebijon Pangsong|
KCTV is part of the Korean Central Broadcasting System, the state-owned media network of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and is part of its television arm of three television stations.
KCTV was established on 1 September 1953 as Pyongyang Broadcasting Network (PBN) after the Korean War ended. Kim Il-sung personally envisioned that the time was ripe for television broadcasting in the DPRK, but this was not yet to happen. Thus, the PBN began an 8-year period of preparation for commencement of television broadcasts, with the help of the national government.
PBN was renamed as Central Broadcasting Television System (CBTS) in 1961, and conducted on 1 September the same year its first test broadcasts.
The network carried live the whole proceedings of the 5th Worker's Party of Korea Congress held on 1 October 1970.
The Kaesong Television Broadcasting Station (KTBS) was opened on 1 April 1971 (later was renamed as Korea Television Broadcasting Station (KTBS) for Korean education and culture on 1 February 1997) broadcasts 5 hours from 17:00 until 22:00 KST on weekdays.
The Mansudae Television Broadcasting Station (MTBS) was opened in December 1973 and broadcasts 4 hours between 18:00 until 22:00 KST on weekdays and on longer periods on weekends and holidays.
The Central Broadcasting Television System (CBTS) would later be renamed Korean Central Television (KCTV) and was officially relaunched at 17:00 local time on 3 January 1973 (the first working day in 1973 in North Korea).
The broadcasting hours was only on weekdays (workday in North Korea) and closed on weekends and national holidays. At the same year colour television test broadcasts started.
KCTV officially began colour television broadcasts on 1 July 1974 and broadcast the first live colour telecast in preparation for the 7th Asian Games held in Teheran via satellite transmission on 1 September 1974, the first network to do so.
KCTV was the first live colour television channel to broadcast the New Year's Eve in colour on 31 December 1974, and in 1975 began weekend broadcasts as well.
KCTV started their full-time colour broadcasts on 1 September 1977.
KCTV started broadcasting on national holidays on 1 March 1981.
On national holidays, the broadcasting time of each station is the same as weekends save for major ones.
Now, KCTV broadcasts 6-hours each day from 17:00 until 23:30 KST daily, and 15 hours from 09:00 to 00:00 KST on weekends and key national holidays. There is another exception, for the emergency events in DPRK at night or daytime, it starts up without any announcers or the Voice of Korea interval signal. The station is still open until that event becomes normal. The station's output is dominated by propaganda programming focusing on the history and achievements of the ruling Korean Workers' Party, the Korean People's Army (KPA) and Kim Jong-il. Topics covered range from new construction projects to history lessons about the accomplishments and past of Kim Jong-il, Kim Il-sung and the juche idea. Other programs on topics such as health, education and even children's programs are also aired. Movies and even patriotic musical shows and theater are also shown on the networks. On national holidays, military parades, musical performances and movies, plus more special programs are shown on all three networks.
The following illustrates part of a typical day's broadcasting on KCTV on weekdays:
Broadcast time Broadcast programmes Approximate broadcast durations Welcome to KCTV at 17:00 KST 16:30-17:00 Test Pattern with digital clock and multiple elements including color bars, resolution grids, and other markings (the audio is music – usually classical or patriotic – and clock ident with the melody of the Song of General Kim Il-sung as time signal) 30 minutes 17:00-17:10 National anthem, introduction announcement, Song Of General Kim Il-sung (instrumental version) & Song of General Kim Jong-il (instrumental version), television listings 10 minutes 17:10-17:20 News ("Report", 보도 –Podo–) 10 minutes 17:20-17:25 Weather forecast 5 minutes 17:25-17:30 Newspaper review 5 minutes 17:30-18:00 Sitcom (usually revolutionary or daily life themed) 30 minutes 18:00-18:20 Sports 20 minutes 18:20-18:40 Military show (chorus, parade, exercises, etc.); also includes the military comedy show It's So Funny 20 minutes 18:40-19:00 Law enforcement 20 minutes 19:00-19:25 News ("Report", 보도 –Podo–) 25 minutes 19:25-19:30 Weather forecast 5 minutes 19:30-20:00 Music video 30 minutes 20:00-21:00 Drama 1 hour 21:00-22:30 Movie theater 90 minutes 22:30-22:45 Late news 15 minutes 22:40-22:45 Weather Forecast 5 minutes 22:45-23:00 Music videos 15 minutes 23:00-23:10 TV listings for tomorrow, sign-off announcement, national flag 10 minutes 23:10-16:30 Fade Out Black, 8-bar Test Pattern with 1kHz tone (tone but still black screen starts about 1.5 minutes after black screen start and lasts about 10s at which point RF signal is completely cut; RF transmission begins again 21min later the content of this transmission is bars+tone; bars without tone starts 1.25min before beginning of next program cycle) 18 hours and 20 minutes
Time zone for programing is UTC+09:00 at Korea Standard Time
Newsreaders wear the same outfit every day, though they may vary in color. Black and blue for male newsreaders and green and pink for female and have the same haircut for everyone of the same gender. Newscasters must strongly project their voices when on air. Newscasts start typically with a blank red or blue slide, followed by a slow fade to the anchor. The set has the background of Pyongyang with the Taedong river. Nowadays even Mt. Baekdu or another view of Pyongyang is used as the background for the newscasts; however, a newer studio was introduced in September 2012, including a background LCD panel (paid by the Chinese official TV station CCTV) where live images (such as a revolving globe or the flag of North Korea) are shown.
North Korean newscasts were long known for being much more melodramatic than newscasts in South Korea. Newsreaders use one of four tones—a lofty, wavering one for praising the nation's leaders, an explanatory one for weather forecasts, a conversational one for uncontroversial stories, and a hateful one for denouncing the West. Many North Korean journalists who have defected to the South have noted the contrasts with the more conversational South Korean broadcasting style. Longtime chief newsreader Ri Chun-hee was well known for her melodramatic style.
Programs have no set time at which to air (The programming is not pegged to air at every half hour, hour, etc.). However, starting programs at odd times is a common procedure on all European television channels and also widespread across other Asian channels.
- Test card – They air testcards, simulcasting the voice of Korea at some intervals.
- Imported syndicated programming – KCTV dubs all dialogue and will plaster it on top of the original soundtrack.
- Movies – They are usually rated PG or R or their equivalents and are not intended for younger viewers.
Viewing outside DPRK
KCTV is also available to view via a stream (See links in InfoBox).
There are 5 idents broadcast daily since 1980.
- Startup ident: The violet background with KCTV's logo flying in, followed by some Korean characters, with the welcome voice-over at broadcast after the music and before the program schedule in the sign-on sequences.
- News ident: The blue background with KCTV's logo and Juche Tower flying in slowly and Korean text, without voice-over it was originally broadcast only at 17:00-17:10, 19:00-19:10 & 22:30-22:40 KST.
- Closedown ident: Same as startup ident with good night voice over and in the blue background followed by the program schedule.
- The first KCTV logo had the flame from the Juche Tower and the word "Choson" (Korea) in it. It was launched in 1996.
- KCTV introduced a second logo (a restyling of the previous one) in August 2012.
From 2012 the news intro uses the Juche Tower and a revolving globe before the news logo appears, with the introduction from the song "Might of Korea" as background music. The late-night version uses the slow instrumental music played on traditional Korean instrument.
There are minor test card changes from time-to-time.
- 1980 – present – EBU Colour Bars and modified Philips PM5544 testcard with digital clock. Towards the top of the testcard Hangul characters for "Pyongyang" are written on either sides of a chollima emblazoned on a blue background.
Closing and opening times
- Sign-on : 17:00 until 23:10 KST (6 hours and 10 minutes)
- Sign-off : 23:10 until 17:00 KST (17-hours and 50 minutes)
- Sign-on : 09:00 until 23:10 KST (14 hours and 10 minutes)
- Sign-off : 23:10 until 09:00 KST (9 hours and 50 minutes)
KCTV starts up at 17:00 KST with the national anthem, an inaugurated announcement, Kim Il-sung composed by military instrumental until Kim Jong-il sung by all military choir, a current day schedule of listings and the first programme.
KCTV closes down at 23:00 KST with the last programme (usually news, weather forecast & music video), a next day schedule of listings, shut announcement, a shot of the national flag, fade-out in black screen of slowest pictures runtime and test pattern was broadcast at the end at 23:10 KST.
In 1980, North Korea started relay reception by a communication satellite television.
In March 2012 the news readers began presenting news items in front of a computer-generated background. A graphic to accompany the story appears above the right or left shoulder — a style almost universally used in other countries by that time. When the report begins the graphic moves forward to fill the screen.
In September 2012, China Central Television, the government-run broadcaster of China, donated about US$800,000 of equipment to help improve its news broadcast. Since then news were shown with a screen panel that shows images and videos in movement.
No information is available on Korean Central Television's transmission sites.
Official, government-sanctioned and -operated television stations are the only ones that citizens are allowed to watch. Any televisions acquired by citizens are altered by the government beforehand, to receive only the official channels. This includes a tamper-evident seal which will show if the television's owner has attempted to tamper with components of the television. This is seen as evidence of that person attempting to receive foreign television from China, South Korea, or Japan, and if discovered, the owner is subject for draconian penalties, including imprisonment in one of North Korea's many forced-labor concentration camps, which is tantamount to a death sentence.
- Censorship in North Korea
- Media of North Korea
- North Korean news organizations
- Telecommunications in North Korea
- Radio jamming in Korea
- Korean Broadcasting System