Television in Peru

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Television in Peru has a history of more than fifty years. There are 105 television broadcasters in Peru, 22 of which are in Lima. In regard to television receivers, in 2003 there were 5,470,000 — that is 200 televisions for every thousand inhabitants. The number of cable subscribers was 967,943 in 2011.[1]

History[edit]

The first experimental transmission of television in Peru occurred on September 21, 1939, transmitting a film and an artistic program from Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe school in Lima. Another test transmission was made by Antonio Pereyra from the Bolivar Hotel on May 28, 1954. On January 17, 1958, the Ministry of Education and UNESCO inaugurated the State Channel 7 and conducted a test broadcast.[2] The first commercial television broadcast was on Channel 4 Radio América in Lima, on December 15, 1958 by Nicanor González and José Antonio Umbert. Channel 4 Radio America's creation was possible because of an agreement with NBC and RCA.

Several commercial television stations followed, including Channel 2 (Radiodifusora Victoria S.A.), Channel 13 — later changed to Channel 5 (Panamericana Televisión S.A.), Channel 9 (Compañía Peruana de Producciones Radiales y TV), Channel 11 (Bego Televisión S.A.). Many of them soon acquired — or were associated with — stations outside Metropolitan Lima. In just two months, November and December 1959, Lima stores recorded sales of 10,000 television sets, and full page ads in newspapers and magazines announced the start of the era of television in Peru. By April 1960, there were 55,000 television sets operating in the Peruvian capital. The growth was explosive, considering the fact that in 1958 there were only 5,000 televisions.

Digital television[edit]

On March 30, 2010, Peru starts digital television transition, with TV Perú being the first television station to began broadcast digitally.[3] The analog broadcast in Peru will be discontinued in 2020.

Television channels[edit]

Broadcast stations[edit]

Lima[edit]

The broadcast stations in Lima are:

On VHF (Except for Channel 11, all are national chains that transmit via satellite all across the country.)

  • Channel 2: Frecuencia Latina — Formerly administered by company shareholder Baruch Ivcher, it operated under judicial order because of a capital increase carried out by the Winters brothers, who have clear majority ownership of the company shares. Now the company has been sold to a Peruvian investment group Enfoca Inversiones, and the new CEO is Jesus Zamora.
  • Channel 4: América Televisión — Property of the Crousillat family, administration was passed to the creditors due to excessive debt, and is administered by a consortium led by the newspapers El Comercio and La República, despite the criticisms of the Crousillat family.
  • Channel 5: Panamericana Televisión — Property of Ernesto Schutz Freundt, was delivered into receivership by entrepreneur Genaro Delgado Parker, founder of the network and a minor shareholder of the company, who controlled the network until mid-2009, at which time it was returned by judicial power to Schütz Freundt.
  • Channel 7: TV Perú — Belongs to the State.
  • Channel 9: ATV — Property of the Julio Vera Abad, but managed by the principal creditor Guatelmalan-Mexican businessman Remigio Ángel González through the international television consortium Albavisión.
  • Channel 11: RBC Televisión Property of entrepreneur Ricardo Belmont Cassinelli and about 70,000 partner shareholders who invested US$ 3M (at $1 per share) when the company was formed in 1985 and Belmont assumed distribution of profits or interest.
  • Channel 13: Global TV Created businessman Vittorio de Ferrari. Passed to the Peruvian broadcaster Genaro Delgado Parker, but managed by its main creditor Guatemalan-Mexican businessman Remigio Ángel González through the international television consortium Albavisión.

On UHF:

  • Channel 15: La Tele — Property of Guatemalan-Mexican businessman Remigio Ángel González.
  • Channel 17: Pax TV
  • Channel 19: JN19 (TeleJuan)
  • Channel 23: Perú TV (repeater of ATV Sur signal from Arequipa)
  • Channel 25: Bethel Televisión
  • Channel 33: Channel 33 UHF (Universidad San Martin de Porres)
  • Channel 39: Channel 39 (devoted to the transmission of music videos, belongs to Albavision)
  • Channel 41: Pacífico TV
  • Channel 45: Villa TV
  • Channel 49: La Luz
  • Channel 51: UAP TV (Universidad Alas Peruanas).
  • Channel 55: Tele Vida
  • Channel 57: Enlace
  • Channel 59: JBN

On TDT HD:

  • Channel 16: TV Perú HD — The High Definition version of TV Peru, which can be viewed on TV with a decoder, has been operational since March 30, 2010. It also has a replicated version of the SD analog signal and also can be viewed on cell phones due to the "One Seg" signal.
  • Channel 18: ATV HD — The high definition version of ATV, with high-resolution images, was launched on March 31, 2010. ATV móvil can be seen on cell phones through the "One Seg" signal.
  • Channel 20: Frecuencia Latina HDTV — The high definition version of Frecuencia Latina started testing September 2, and officially launched on September 14, 2010. It also has the "One Seg" signal.
  • Channel 22: Global Televisión HD — Available since August 28, 2010, and also has a mobile signal.
  • Channel 24: América Televisión HD — This is the digital high def version of América Televisión, on trial since July 2010. It also has the "One Seg" signal: América TV Portátil and also has an SD replicated analog signal.
  • Channel 26: Panamericana Televisión HD — started broadcasting in August 2011, still in SD.
  • Channel 28: La Tele HD — will start broadcasting in 2011.
  • Channel 32: Perú TV HD — will start transmissions by the end of 2014.
  • Channel 34: TBN-Enlace HD — in testing beginning in April 2011.
  • Channel 36: Bethel Television HD — started transmissions in 2011.
  • Channel 38: RBC Televisión HD — will start transmissions in June 2014, last chance not to lose their license.

Northern Peru[edit]

Southern Peru[edit]

  • Inka Visión, Channel 31 - Cusco
  • Compañía de Televisión Cusqueña, Channel 2 - Cusco
  • TV Perú Austral - Cusco
  • TV Mundo - Cusco
  • Machu Picchu TV Channel 41 - Cusco - Property of Don Mauro Calvo Acurio and part of Corporación Machupicchu - TV UHF 41 - Radio - 1110 AM - 101.3 FM.
  • Channel UNSAAC - Cusco
  • Channel Universidad Andina - Cusco
  • Solar TV - Cusco
  • Telemar - Ilo
  • Cordillerana TV - Ayacucho
  • Megavisión - Juliaca
  • VRTV Channel 21 Nasca[disambiguation needed]
  • Tele Imagen Channel 27 (Puno)

Central Peru[edit]

Eastern Peru[edit]

  • Amazonica de Televisión, Channel 2 - Iquitos
  • TeleSeis - Yurimaguas
  • Cable Max - Juanjuí
  • AmazoníaTV- Juanjuí
  • Anas Televisión - Puerto Maldonado
  • Ucayalina de Televisión, Canal 19 - Pucallpa
  • Videoriente Televisión, Channel 6 - Pucallpa
  • Televida - Moyobamba
  • Channel E Frecuencia Educativa - Moyobamba]
  • TV Cine - Moyobamba
  • Selva TV - Moyobamba
  • Moyobamba Televisión - Moyobamba
  • Genius TV - Moyobamba
  • Anteres TV - Moyobamba
  • Unión TV - Moyobamba
  • TV SAM - Tarapoto
  • Sonora Comercial - Tarapoto

International channels[edit]

Peruvian cable networks[edit]

There are three major cable providers in Peru: Movistar TV (Telefónica), DirecTV, and Claro TV (formerly Cable Expresss, Megacable, and Telmex TV). The following are Media Networks channels used exclusively for Cable Mágico:

  • Cable Mágico Deportes (CMD) (sports station, property of Media Networks - exclusively for Movistar TV)
  • Plus TV (property of Media Networks - exclusively for Movistar TV)
  • Canal N (property of Productora Peruana de Información - exclusive agreement for Movistar TV).
  • Cable Visión — is a television station exclusively for cable. The company has a presence in 16 cities across the country. It has varied programming with its own production subsidiaries. Cable Vision's headquarters are in Huánuco.
  • FEM (property of Inhaus Producciones - exclusivity agreement with Movistar TV).
  • RPP TV (belongs to RPP Group - exclusivity agreement with Movistar TV).
  • Canal del Congreso (property of the Peruvian Congress).
  • Q channel (property of Quality Products - broadcast on Movistar TV).
  • Star TV Arequipa canal 4 (property of Star Globalcom - Arequipa and Tacna - Cable Star and Movistar TV).
  • Claro TV (property of Claro - Lima and Chiclayo).
  • Hipódromo de Monterrico (JCP TV) (limited hours - broadcast on Movistar TV and for the vendors of the Jockey Club of Peru).
  • Willax Televisión (available on Claro TV and on Movistar TV).

Defunct channels[edit]

  • Uranio TV Channel 15
  • Austral Televisión Channel 11
  • Cable Canal de Noticias
  • Cable Mágico Noticias
  • Cable Mágico Cultural
  • Antena Informativa
  • Visión 20
  • Monitor
  • OK TV Channel 11
  • Ovación TV Channel 57
  • UNITEL Channel 27
  • Cubo TV Channel 33
  • Bego TV Channel 11
  • Teledos Channel 2
  • Victoria TV Channel 2
  • TV El Sol Channel 9
  • Panamericana Teleeducacion Channel 13
  • Canal A Channel 11 later 23
  • Canal Familiar Channel 11
  • Stereo33 Channel 33
  • Univision Channel 13

References[edit]

  1. ^ OSIPTEL - Organismo Regulador de las Telecomunicaciones del Perú, Suscriptores de TV paga por empresa
  2. ^ Resumen de Historia: Los 51 años de la televisión peruana
  3. ^ "Peru begins digital TV transition process today". Andina (Agencia Peruana De Noticias). 30 March 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2014.