Telisha

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Telisha ketana/gedola
תְּלִישָא קְטַנָּה
 תְּ֠לִישָא גְדוֹלָה
 ֠
֩ 
וְאִם־אַ֠תָּה
מִקְנֶה֩
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnahta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tipeha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Telisha (Hebrew: תְּלִישָא) is one of two cantillation marks found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. There are two versions of the Telisha: Telisha ketana (תְּלִישָא קְטַנָּה) and Telisha gedola (תְּלִישָא גְּדוֹלָה), the latter of which has a longer melody and higher peak. The Telisha trope can occur independently or can follow a Pazer or one of several other trope sounds. The Telisha ketana must be followed by a Kadma.[1]

The Hebrew word  תְּ֠לִישָא translates into English as detached. This is because they are never linked to the following note as a single phrase. קְטַנָּה refers to little (the shorter note) and גְדוֹלָה to great (the longer note).

The Telisha gedola can be found in the Torah 266 times.[2] The Telisha ketana occurs 451 times.[3]

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Telisha
ketana
Telisha
gedola
Torah 451[3] 266[3]
   Genesis 92[3] 51[3]
   Exodus 87[3] 42[3]
   Leviticus 71[3] 56[3]
   Numbers 88[3] 50[3]
   Deuteronomy 113[3] 67[3]
Nevi'im 413[4] 238[4]
Ketuvim 350[4] 335[4]

Melody[edit]

While the names "Telisha Ketana" and "Telisha Gedola" are 6 syllables each, they are usually applied to words with far fewer syllables, often just one. In one-syllable words, only the notes leading to and from the peak are included. In multiple-syllable words, the additional syllables are recited at the level of the first note leading up to the peak.

Telisha Ketana[edit]

Telishaketana.jpg

Telisha Gedola[edit]

Telishagedola.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ A compendious grammar of the Hebrew language By G. F. R. Weidemann, page 49
  2. ^ Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 241
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  4. ^ a b c d Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5