Tell-tale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Telltale.

A tell-tale or telltale is an indicator, signal, or sign that conveys the status of a situation, mechanism, or system.

Transportation[edit]

Automobiles[edit]

In a vehicle, a tell-tale is an indicator on or near the dashboard to inform the driver that a system or device is operating, switched on, or that a problem has occurred with the vehicle. The name itself indicates that it tells you a small story related to the vehicle. So a tell tale is a small story for the driver. For example: When you see the right or the left indicator it tells the driver a small tale that the vehicle is about to turn followed by its turning and finally it has completed the turn when the light goes off. Similarly, when there is an error, its tells you where the error is when possible.

Sailing[edit]

A tell-tale

In a nautical or sailing context a tell-tale, sometimes known as a tell-tail, is a piece of yarn or fabric attached to a stay, any of several wires which hold a mast in place on a sailboat. they are used in pairs, on each side of the jib;[1] there will be one tell-tale on the port stay and one on a starboard stay.

Tell-tales can also be attached to a sail, used as a guide when trimming (adjusting) a sail. On the mainsail tell-tales are on the leech (aft edge) and when trimmed properly should be streaming backwards. On the jib there are tell-tales on both sides of the luff of the sail. As a general guide, the windward tell-tale should stream aft (backwards) with an occasional lift, the leeward front tell-tale should stream aft. If one tell-tale begins to spiral, it is indicating the sail has incorrect air flow on that side. To correct this the sail needs to move towards the opposite side. "Tiller to tatteling tail" is a good phrase to remember which direction to push the tiller when the tell tale is spiraling.

A tell-tale compass is a special compass installed in the ceiling of a cabin and which can be read from below. According to Moby-Dick, a tell-tale refers to the cabin-compass, "because without going to the compass at the helm, the captain, while below, can inform himself of the course of the ship." [2]

Space[edit]

The Phoenix spacecraft contains a tell-tale, developed by the University of Aarhus in Denmark, as part of its Meteorological Station.[3][4] It is a small tube that is deflected by the martian wind. The science payload’s stereo camera recorded images of the tell-tale that are used to determine wind direction and speed.[5]

Railroad[edit]

A tell-tale, also known as a bridge warning, is a series of ropes suspended over the tracks to give warning to a person on the roof of the train that the train is approaching a low-clearance obstacle, such as a tunnel or a bridge. A standard tell-tale design had ropes on 3-inch centers for a width of 8 feet over the track, the bottom of the ropes 6" lower than the height of the obstruction, and placed at least 100 feet before the obstruction.[6]

A tell-tale warning of a low-clearance over a road

Tell-tales in the above sense are also occasionally used to warn trucks and other tall vehicles of low clearance bridges on roads and highways. In this context, chains are used instead of ropes, and it is frequently the sound of the chains knocking against the truck that alerts the driver of trouble.[7]

In a steam locomotive the tell-tales are longitudinal holes drilled in the stays of the firebox to provide early warning of corrosion.

On British Railways Mark 1 carriages, a Tell Tale connects the emergency (communication) cord or chain to the train line to facilitate an emergency stop.[8]

Formal language theory[edit]

In formal language theory in theoretical computer science, a tell-tale is a string of characters that occurs only within one language within a group of languages. A (human or machine) reader can be completely certain which language he/she/it is reading when encountering a tell-tale. In this sense, a tell tale is a dead giveaway of what the language is.

More formally, a tell-tale of a member L of some language class is a finite subset of L such that no other language containing the subset in the class is a proper subset of L.[9] In other words, a tell-tale is a finite subset that makes a language being a minimal consistent one in the class. The term is used in the field of artificial intelligence and machine language learning as well as linguistics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sailing to the Telltales". UK-Halsey's Encyclopedia of Sails (Chapter 5). UKHalsey.com. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  2. ^ Melville, Herman (1992). "Chapter 51". Moby-Dick, or, The Whale. Illustrated by Rockwell Kent. Modern Library. p. 342. ISBN 0679600108. 
  3. ^ Mars Simulation Laboratory, University of Aarhus, Denmark, The Telltale project 
  4. ^ Slashdot 27may2008, Mars Probe Brings the "Weather Rock" New Respect 
  5. ^ Nasa Press Kit/May 2008 (ed.), Phoenix Landing Mission to the Martian Polar North, NASA 
  6. ^ Bridge Warning, Maintenance of Way Cyclopedia, Simmons Boardman and Co., 1921; page 246. Note: the equivalence of tell-tale and bridge warning is stated on page 278.
  7. ^ Lyle Muller, Even chains can't help on Iowa Avenue, Cedar Rapids Gazette, May 4, 1997.
  8. ^ Parkin Keith, British Rail Mark 1 Coaches 1991
  9. ^ Dana Angluin (1980). "Inductive Inference of Formal Languages from Positive Data". Information and Control 45: 117–135. doi:10.1016/s0019-9958(80)90285-5. ; here: Sect.3, p.120