Tell Chuera

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Tell Chuera
Harbe
Tell Chuera is located in Syria
Tell Chuera
Location Ar Raqqah Governorate, Syria
Region Northern Mesopotamia
Coordinates 36°38′44.88″N 39°29′53.88″E / 36.6458000°N 39.4983000°E / 36.6458000; 39.4983000Coordinates: 36°38′44.88″N 39°29′53.88″E / 36.6458000°N 39.4983000°E / 36.6458000; 39.4983000
Type tell
Site notes
Excavation dates 1958–1960s; 1973–present
Archaeologists A. Moortgat, U. Moortgat-Correns, W. Orthmann, J.-W. Meyer

Tell Chuera is an ancient Near Eastern tell site in Ar Raqqah Governorate, northern Syria. It lies between the Balikh and Khabur rivers.

History of archaeological research[edit]

The site was first described by Max von Oppenheim in 1913. Excavations were begun in 1958 by a team from the Free University of Berlin led by Anton Moortgat. These efforts continued until the late 1960s.[1][2][3][4][5] With a new co-leader, Ursula Moortgat-Correns, digs occurred in 1973, 1974 and 1976.[6][7][8] Archaeological work at the site then came under the direction of Winfried Orthmann of the University of Halle, until 1998.[9][10] Excavation then was taken up by a team from the Goethe University Frankfurt, under the direction of Professor Jan-Waalke Meyer.

Tell Chuera and its environment[edit]

The site of Tell Chuera is roughly 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) in diameter and 18 metres (59 ft) high.

Occupation history[edit]

Originally occupied during the 4th millennium, Tell Chuera became a major site in the 3rd millennium during the Early Dynastic period. It reached its peak around 2350 BC and was then abandoned for reasons as yet unknown. A small settlement was built on the location by the Assyrians during the 2nd millennium. While the early name for the city is unknown, during Middle Assyrian times it was known as Harbe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anton Moortgat, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die Grabung 1958, Köln und Opladen, 1960
  2. ^ Anton Moortgat, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die zweite Grabungskampagne 1959, Wiesbaden, 1960
  3. ^ Anton Moortgat, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die dritte Grabungskampagne 1960, Köln und Opladen, 1962
  4. ^ Anton Moortgat, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Bericht über die vierte Grabungskampagne 1963, Köln und Opladen, 1965
  5. ^ Anton Moortgat, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die fünfte Grabungskampagne 1964, Köln und Opladen, 1967
  6. ^ Anton Moortgat and Ursula Moortgat-Correns, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die sechste Grabungskampagne 1973, Gebrüder Mann Verlag, 1975
  7. ^ Anton Moortgat and Ursula Moortgat-Correns, Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die siebte Grabungskampagne 1974, Gebrüder Mann Verlag, 1976
  8. ^ Anton Moortgat & Ursula Moortgat-Correns: Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die achte Grabungskampagne 1976, Mann, 1978 ISBN 3-7861-1198-7
  9. ^ Winfried Orthmann et al., Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien. Vorläufiger Bericht über die neunte und zehnte Grabungskampagne 1982 und 1983, Mann, 1998, ISBN 3-7861-1451-X
  10. ^ Winfried Orthmann et al., Ausgrabungen in Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien I Vorbericht uber die Grabungskampagnen 1986 bis 1992, Saarbrucker Druckerei und Verlag – SDV, 1995, ISBN 3-925036-92-X

Further reading[edit]

  • Michael Zick: Tell Chuera – Stadtplanung vor 5000 Jahren. in: Bild der Wissenschaft. Leinefelden-Echterdingen 1/2005,1, S. 72–76. ISSN 0006-2375
  • Joachim Bretschneider, Jan Driessen and Karel van Lerberghe, Power and architecture: monumental public architecture in the Bronze Age, David Brown, 2007, ISBN 90-429-1831-4
  • Stefan Jakob, Die mittelassyrischen Texte aus Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien, Harrassowitz Verlag, 2009, ISBN 3-447-05724-6
  • Jan-Waalke Meyer, Ausgrabungen in Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien Band 2: II: Vorbericht zu den Grabungskampagnen 1998 bis 2005, Harrassowitz Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-447-06182-7
  • Winfried Orthmann, L'architecture religieuse de Tell Chuera, Akkadica, vol. 69, pp. 1–18, 1990

External links[edit]