Tell Qasile is an archaeological site in Tel Aviv, Israel. Over 3,000 years old, the site contains the remains of a port city founded by the Philistines in the 12th century BC. It is located near the Yarkon River, on the grounds of the Eretz Israel Museum.
In 1815, after excavating the ruins of ancient Ashkelon, Lady Hester Stanhope proposed a dig at a site called el-Khurby located 12 miles northeast of Jaffa on the banks of the Awgy River (today the Yarkon River). Stanhope's companion observed that “there were many proofs that this district was once highly populous.”
Modern excavation of the site commenced in 1948 under Benjamin Mazar, who received the first archaeological exploration permit issued by the nascent state of Israel. The excavations revealed the gradual development of the Philistine city over 150 years, from its founding (Level XII) to the peak of its growth (Level X) at the end of the 11th century BC.
The sacred area of the Philistine city was unearthed to reveal three temples, built one on top of the other. The temples were constructed with walls of sun-dried mud bricks covered with light-colored plaster. Low benches were built along the length of the walls. Many offering and cult vessels were found on the floors, concentrated mainly around the "bamah" and in the storage alcoves of the temples. A residential block was found on the north side of the street, while in the south side workshops and storehouses were unearthed. The houses were built to a standard plan - they were square, with an area of approximately 100 square meters per apartment. Each apartment comprised two rectangular rooms with a courtyard separating them.
Excavations in the 1980s revealed a large courtyard building, dating from the Abbasid era. The building has been dated by its excavators to a period between the ninth and eleventh century, though both earlier (Umayyad) and later (Crusader) occupations of the site were found. The design of the building and its position (at a river crossing point), indicate that it was a khan.
Only the northern part of the building was excavated, the rest only visible as robber trenches. From the excavated parts, it is estimated that the building was 28 meters square. A paved entrance in the middle of the north wall led to a courtyard, paved with gravel. The courtyard had arcades on the east and west sides, supported by columns. In the north-west corner of the courtyard were the remains of a staircase. Several small rooms, lining the courtyard, were exposed.
- Ayalon, E., Gilboa, E., and Shacham, T.(1986–1987): "A Public Building of the Early Arab period at Tell Qasile", IPL, 4 (22), pp. 35–52 (Hebrew with English summary on pp. 7–8).
- Mazar, A. (1988–1989): "Tel Qasila - 1986-1987", ESI 7-8, p. 147-148.
- Petersen, Andrew (2002), A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine: Volume I (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology), Oxford University Press, p. 291, ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tel Qasile.|
- Link to the site of Prof. Amihai Mazar, regarding Tell Qasile
- Philistine facts on the ground, by Yaacov Shavit, Haaretz
- Tell Qasile Final Report, by Etan Ayalon and Semadar Harpazi Ofer, 7/6/2004, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #116
- Tell Qasile Final Report, by Etan Ayalon, 23/7/2007, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #119
- Tell Qasile Final Report, by Alexander Glick, 13/1/2008, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #120
- Tell Qasile Final Report, by Etan Ayalon and Nitza Bashkin-Yosef, 29/5/2008, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #120
- Tell Qasile (West) Final Report, by Alexander Glick, 14/2/2009, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #121
- Tell Qasile (West) Final Report, by Alexander Glick, 13/10/2009, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #121
- Tell Qasile (West) Final Report, by Alexander Glick, 28/12/2009, Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel, #121