Telugu-Kannada alphabet

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Copper plate inscriptions in Kannada-Telugu script

Between 1100 CE - 1400 CE Telugu script and Kannada script separated from Old-Kannada script (Halegannada script) or Kadamba script or Bhattiprolu Script. The Chalukyas influenced the modern form of Telugu script and its similarity with modern Kannada script.[1]

Old Kannada script is the continuation of Kadamba script, which used for writing Telugu and Kannada languages. Old Kannada sript is also known as the Kannada-Telugu script.[2]

The Dravidian family includes about 73 languages including Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu. Indus civilization mostly of Dravidian, now concentrated in south India. Kannada abugida was developed between the 5th and 7th centuries CE from Kadamba and Chalukya scripts descendants of Brahmi. Old Kannada script is about 1500 years old, developed into modern Kannada and Telugu scripts. The Telugu script is closely related to Kannada, earliest known inscriptions dates back to 6th century CE, poetry begins to appear in 11th century. New written standard emerged in Telugu during second half of 20th century.[3]

Brahmi -> Kadamba -> Old Kannada -> Telugu-Kannada scripts

History[edit]

During 4th to 7th centuries AD the Early Kadambas of Banavasi and Early Chalukyas of Badami used early form of Telugu-Kannada script in inscriptions. The Salankayana and early Eastern Chalukyas who ruled the Kannada and Telugu speaking areas.[4]

Origins of Telugu-Kannada Script[edit]

Telugu and Kannada belongs to Dravidian family of languages in southern India, Saatavaahanas introduced the Brahmi to present day Kannada and Telugu regions. Telugu and Kannada scripts are categories under Old Kannada script. Kannada became a literate language slightly ahead of Telugu language. Both Kannada and Telugu produced the poetry during the eighth century. The full fledged literary works in Kannada produced in ninth century, two centuries before the works available in Telugu, the combined Telugu-Kannada script called as Old Kannada. Telugu writers wait till 11th century because of socio-political factors (royal patronage, influence of Buddhism and Jainism).[5]

Evolution and Development of Kannada-Telugu script[edit]

Inscriptions in Telugu-Kannada script[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs". Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  2. ^ "Old Kannada". Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  3. ^ "A sampler of the world’s writing systems". J. Marshall Unger Department of East Asian Languages & Literatures -The Ohio State University. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  4. ^ "Epigraphical Studies in India - Sanskrit and Dravidian, Scripts used in India, Scripts Abroad". Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  5. ^ "Origins of Telugu Script". Retrieved 2013-09-03.