Telugu Desam Party

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Telugu Desam Party
తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ
Leader N. Chandrababu Naidu
Founder N. T. Rama Rao
Leader in Lok Sabha Thota Narasimham
Leader in Rajya Sabha Tulla Devender Goud
Founded 29 March 1982 (1982-03-29)
Headquarters NTR Bhavan, Road No.2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034[1]
Youth wing Telugu Yuvatha
Ideology Populist
Regionalist
Social liberalism
Colours Yellow
ECI Status State Party[2]
Alliance National Democratic Alliance (1999-2005) (2014 - present)
National Front (1989-1996)
United Front (1996-1998)
Third Front (2009)
Seats in Lok Sabha
16 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
7 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
102 / 175
(Andhra Pradesh)[3]
15 / 119
(Telangana)
Election symbol
TDP party symbol
Website
www.telugudesam.org
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

Telugu Desam Party (Telugu: తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ) (lit. Party for Telugu Land and People), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao ("NTR") on 29 March 1982. Since 1995, the party is headed by Nara Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh and the Leader of the House in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in the Banjara Hills locality of Hyderabad.

The party stormed to power within nine months of its formation in the 1983 Assembly elections, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh.[4] It also achieved the rare distinction of being the first regional party to become the main opposition party (33 MPs) in Parliament in the Central Government during the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[5] The party has governed the state of Andhra Pradesh twice from 1983 to 1989 and then from 1994 to 2004.

  • Telugu Desam Party Stormed back to power on 16 May 2014 by winning 104 seats out of 175 seats in the residuary State of Andhra Pradesh. In Telangana, Telugu Desam Party won only one lok sakba seat of Malkajgiri to Ch Malla Reddy.The new government came to existence on June 8, 2014 in Andhra Pradesh with N. Chandrababu Naidu as the First Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh after Bifurcation of Telangana Region.

Flag and Symbol[edit]

1. Motto behind the formation of the Flag People of the Andhra treats the yellow color as holy in nature. So N.T.Ramarao [N.T.R], the founder president of the party, wished to have that color to the party flag. The hut in the flag is the symbol that stands for the poor. The wheel in the flag is the symbol for the working-class people and the plough represents farmers.

2. Party symbol When Alluru formed as new election constituency in the Nellore district, Sri Bezawada Papireddy contested as MLA and won the election in 1967 as an independent candidate against the congress candidate. His election symbol was the ‘Bicycle’. Later Papireddy joined the Telugudesam party. One day N.T.R. was holding party meeting with the workers to discuss about the election symbol for the party. Papireddy suggested the bicycle as the symbol of the party. At first N.T.R did not show much interest, but after a while he announced that he is going to request the election commission to allot the ‘Bicycle’ as the election symbol of his party. In the ensuing 1994 assembly elections, this announcement made everybody into astonishment. Thus the bicycle has become election symbol of the Telugudesam party officially.

Current Structure[edit]

Polit Bureau
Party State Committee - State Affiliated Committees
Dist. Party Committees - Dist.Party Affiliated Committees
District Coordination Committee
State Affiliated Presidents
Constituency Co-ordinations Committees.
Mandal Committees - Mandal Affiliated Committees
Village Committees
Booth Committees

Ideology[edit]

In Principle and also in Practice it is the mission of the TDP the party to protect the dignity and self-respect of Telugu people and also ensure provision food, shelter and clothing to the common man at affordable and sustainable prices and achieve empowerment of women, youth and all backward segments of society in Andhra Pradesh.

The preamble of the TDP was to provide a welfare state based on the basic tenets of social justice and equality for all. “Society is a temple and People are deities, Dr NTR had asserted repeatedly. It has also been top on the Agenda of the regional party since its inception to fight against the corruption in public life manifested by the congress party and also strive to achieve a cohesive and workable coordination with all non-congress opposition parties in the state and as well in the country to realize that above goal. Promoting minority welfare and perusal of a secular policy besides preservation of Indian constitution and traditions of democracy by taking the administration to door steps of the people was also the guiding principle of Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu ever since he took on the mantle of the party in 1995. TDP became the bulwark of administrative, economic and power reforms in the country and initiated majority of far reaching programmes with World Bank aid to build a skilled manpower pool and also efficient administration systems so that fruit of development programmes could reach the real poor.

Election History[edit]

Lok Sabha[edit]

Total number of Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh(1956-2014) is 42 and present Andhra Pradesh(from 2014) is 25

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote%
1984 8th Lok Sabha 32 4.31%
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2 Decrease 30 3.29% Decrease 1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13 Increase 11 2.96% Decrease 0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 3 2.97% Increase 0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12 Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29 Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5 Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6 Increase 1 2.51% Decrease 0.53%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 10 2.52% Increase 0.01%

Assembly[edit]

Total number of Assembly seats in United Andhra Pradesh was 294 present Andhra Pradesh is 175

Year General Election Leader of Party Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote% Result
1983 7th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 214(13 allies) 54.04% (67% with allies) Won
1985 8th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 235(33 allies) 0 46.21% (63.7% with allies) Decrease 7.83% Won
1989 9th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 94 (20 allies) Decrease 128 36.54% (45.3% with allies) Decrease 9.67% Lost
1994 10th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 264(38 allies) Increase 142 44.14% (67% with allies) Increase 7.60% Won
1999 11th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 194 (14 allies) Decrease 36 39.87% (45.3% with allies) Decrease 4.27% Won
2004 12th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 90 (43 allies) Decrease 133 37.59% (49% with allies) Decrease 2.28% Lost
2009 13th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 97(5 allies) Increase 45 28.12% (33.4% with allies) Decrease 9.47% Lost
2014 14th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 127(10 allies) 107 new AP, 20 T Increase 35 28.12% (36% with allies (48% SA, 21.5%T)) Decrease 1.47% Won

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

  • Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
    • First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984)(united Andhra Pradesh)
    • Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989)(united Andhra Pradesh)
    • Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995)(united Andhra Pradesh)
  • Nara Chandrababu Naidu
    • First Term (1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004)(united Andhra Pradesh)
    • Second Term (8 June 2014 – Present)(separated Andhra Pradesh)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "TDP wins 102 out of 175 seats". 
  4. ^ List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
  5. ^ Indian general election, 1984

External links[edit]