Telugu Desam Party

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Telugu Desam Party
తెలుగుదేశం పార్టీ
Leader Nara Chandrababu Naidu
Founder Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Leader in Lok Sabha Nama Nageswara Rao
Leader in Rajya Sabha Tulla Devender Goud
Founded 29 March 1982 (1982-03-29)
Headquarters NTR Bhavan, Road No.2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034[1]
Ideology Populist
Social liberalism
Colours Yellow
ECI Status State party[2]

National Front (1989-1996)
United Front (1996-1998)
NDA (1999-2005)
Third Front (2009-2014)

National Democratic Alliance (India) (Present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
6 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
4 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
81 / 294
Politics of India
Political parties

Telugu Desam Party (Telugu: తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ) (lit. Party for Telugu Land and People), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The party was founded by Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao ("NTR") on 29 March 1982. Since 1995, the party is headed by Nara Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Leader of Opposition in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in the Banjara Hills locality of Hyderabad.

The party stormed to power within nine months of its formation in the 1983 Assembly elections, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh.[3] It also achieved the rare distinction of being the first regional party to become the main opposition party (33 MPs in Parliament compared to 2 MPs of BJP in the elections after sudden demise of Mrs. Indira Gandhi leading to a sympathetic win by the Congress party which came to power) in the Central Government during the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[4] The party has governed the state of Andhra Pradesh twice from 1983 to 1989 and then from 1994 to 2004.

Flag and Symbol[edit]

1. Motto behind the formation of the Flag People of the Andhra treats the yellow color as holy in nature. So N.T.Ramarao [N.T.R], the founder president of the party, wished to have that color to the party flag. The hut in the flag is the symbol that stands for the poor. The wheel in the flag is the symbol for the working class people and the plough is represents farmers.

2. Party symbol When Alluru formed as new election constituency in the Nellore district, Sri Bezawada Papireddy contested as MLA and won the election in 1967 as an independent candidate against the congress candidate. His election symbol was the ‘Bicycle’. Later Papireddy joined the Telugudesam party. One day N.T.R. was holding party meeting with the workers to discuss about the election symbol for the party. Papireddy suggested the cycle as the symbol of the party. First of all N.T.R did not show much interest, but after a while he announced that he is going to request the election commission to allot the ‘Bicycle’ as the election symbol of his party. In the ensuing 1983 assembly elections, this announcement made everybody into astonishment. Thus the bicycle has become election symbol of the Telugudesam party officially.

Current Structure[edit]

Polit Bureau
Party State Committee - State Affiliated Committees
Dist. Party Committees - Dist.Party Affiliated Committees
District Coordination Committee
State Affiliated Presidents
Constituency Co-ordinations Committees.
Mandal Committees - Mandal Affiliated Committees
Village Committees
Booth Committees


In Principle and also in Practice it is the mission of the TDP the party to protect the dignity and self respect of Telugus and also ensure provision food, shelter and clothing to the common man at affordable and sustainable prices and achieve empowerment of women, youth and all backward segments of society in Andhra Pradesh.

The preamble of the TDP was to provide a welfare state based on the basic tenets of social justice and equality for all. “Society is a temple and People are deities, Dr NTR had asserted repeatedly. It has also been top on the Agenda of the regional party since its inception to fight against the corruption in public life manifested by the congress party and also strive to achieve a cohesive and workable coordination with all non-congress opposition parties in the state and as well in the country to realize that above goal. Promoting minority welfare and perusal of a secular policy besides preservation of Indian constitution and traditions of democracy by taking the administration to door steps of the people was also the guiding principle of Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu ever since he took on the mantle of the party in 1995. TDP became the bulwark of administrative, economic and power reforms in the country and initiated majority of far reaching programmes with World Bank aid to build a skilled manpower pool and also efficient administration systems so that fruit of development programmes could reach the real poor.

Highlights of 2009 Election Manifesto[edit]

  • Promote all round recognition for Telugu culture, literature and Language.
  • Promote Agriculture as a profitable and revenue making activity in villages with adequate support of technology, finances, subsidies and marketing.
  • Provision of remunerative prices for agriculture produce with MSP for many staple and commercial goods.
  • Preservation of natural resources like water minerals - greenery, environment protection for benefit of future generations.
  • Youth empowerment through skill training for educated rural youth, cultural and sports activities in rural areas to wean them away from left wing influence and also village factions.
  • More financial powers to Local self bodies from Village to Mandals - Zilla Parishads - Municipalities - Municipal corporations.
  • Farmer focused welfare and development programs for all round development of villages with institutional support rural electrification-rural roads and rural health care.
  • Promote value added education system to make future citizens not only well informed but also prepared for tasks ahead with private participation.
  • Empowerment of women to become instruments of economic activity in rural areas - with 50% reservation in elected and constitutional bodies.
  • Housing programs for rural and urban poor with subsidies and promotion of wage labour and input components.
  • Cheap Rice to provide two meals a day to below poverty line families besides subsidized rates for essential commodities through National Public Distribution System.
  • Electoral reforms - anti defection law - root out black money in elections and corruption free India.
  • Administrative reforms - to usher in e-governance to regulate and streamline - rationings, pensions, scholarships - cheap loans to women, farmers and self-employed.
  • Youth promotion in sports, skill development, political training classes - cultural and grass root development programs.
  • Empowerment of traditional artisans, weavers and other rural occupational communities with finance and training in skills.
  • Promotion of minor and medium irrigation, micro irrigation to benefit farmers in dry and arid regions of the state.
  • To introduce a comprehensive health care system in government sector to enable access of super specialty treatment to rural poor.
  • Equitable share in budget allocation for Muslim and Christian minority for their all round growth in education, health, employment and culture.

Election History[edit]

Lok Sabha[edit]

Total number of Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh is 42

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote%
1984 8th Lok Sabha 32 4.31%
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2 Decrease 30 3.29% Decrease 1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13 Increase 11 2.96% Decrease 0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 3 2.97% Increase 0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12 Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29 Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5 Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6 Increase 1 2.51% Increase 0.52%


Total number of Assembly seats in Andhra Pradesh is 294

Year General Election Leader of Party Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote% Result
1983 7th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 202 54.04% Won
1985 8th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 202 0 46.21% Decrease 7.83% Won
1989 9th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 74 Decrease 128 36.54% Decrease 9.67% Lost
1994 10th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 216 Increase 142 44.14% Increase 7.60% Won
1999 11th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 180 Decrease 36 39.87% Decrease 4.27% Won
2004 12th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 47 Decrease 133 37.59% Decrease 2.28% Lost
2009 13th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 92 Increase 45 28.12% Decrease 9.47% Lost

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

  • Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
    • First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984)
    • Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989)
    • Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995)
  • Nara Chandrababu Naidu (1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "contact TDP". Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". 
  3. ^ List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
  4. ^ Indian general election, 1984

External links[edit]