Telugu Desam Party

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Telugu Desam Party
తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ
Leader N. Chandrababu Naidu
Founder N. T. Rama Rao
Leader in Lok Sabha Thota Narasimham
Leader in Rajya Sabha Tulla Devender Goud
Founded 29 March 1982 (1982-03-29)
Headquarters NTR Bhavan, Road No.2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034[1]
Youth wing Telugu Yuvatha
Ideology Populist
Regionalist
Social liberalism
Colours Yellow
ECI Status State Party[2]
Alliance National Democratic Alliance (1999-2005) (2014 - present)
National Front (1989-1996)
United Front (1996-1998)
Third Front (2009)
Seats in Lok Sabha
16 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
102 / 175
(Andhra Pradesh)[3]
15 / 119
(Telangana)
Election symbol
TDP party symbol
Website
www.telugudesam.org
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections


Telugu Desam Party (Telugu: తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ) (literally "party for the Telugu land and people"), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao ("NTR") on 29 March 1982. Since 1995, the party is headed by Nara Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh and the Leader of the House in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in the Banjara Hills locality of Hyderabad.

The party came to power within nine months of its formation in the 1983 Assembly elections, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh.[4] It also achieved the rare distinction of being the first regional party to become the main opposition party (33 MPs) in Parliament in the Central Government during the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[5] The party has been in power in the state of Andhra Pradesh twice previously; once from 1983 to 1989 and then from 1994 to 2004.

The party came to power in the state of Andhra Pradesh on 16 May 2014 by winning 104 seats out of 175 seats. The new government took over on June 8, 2014 in Andhra Pradesh with N. Chandrababu Naidu as the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh after the bifurcation of the state.

Party flag and symbol[edit]

1. The flag: . NT Ramarao, the founder-president of the party, chose the color yellow as the background colour for the flag since "the colour yellow is consiered holy by the people of the Andhra region". The hut in the flag is the symbol that stands for the poor. The wheel in the flag is the symbol for the working-class people and the plough represents farmers.

2. Party symbol When Alluru was formed as a new election constituency in the Nellore district, Sri Bezawada Papireddy contested as MLA and won the election in 1967 as an Independent candidate against the Congress candidate. His election symbol was the bicycle. Papireddy later joined the Telugu Desam Party, suggested the bicycle as the party symbol. NT Ramarao was initially opposed to the idea, but he later announced a decision to ask the Election Commission of India to allot the symbol to the TDP. The TDP was allowed to use the symbol.

Current structure[edit]

Polit Bureau
Party State Committee - State Affiliated Committees
Dist. Party Committees - Dist.Party Affiliated Committees
District Coordination Committee
State Affiliated Presidents
Constituency Co-ordinations Committees.
Mandal Committees - Mandal Affiliated Committees
Village Committees
Booth Committees

Ideology[edit]

The TDP follows a regionalist, pro-Telugu ideology. Its mission is to "protect the dignity and self-respect of Telugu people and also ensure adequate food, shelter and clothing to the common man at affordable and sustainable prices and achieve empowerment of women, youth and all backward segments of society in Andhra Pradesh".

The TDP manifesto states that it wishes to fight the corruption brought in by the Congress, promote secular governance and ensure minority welfare. It says that the TDP wises to coordinate with other, non-Congress parties in the state.

Election History[edit]

Lok Sabha[edit]

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42.

At present, after the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh.

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote%
1984 8th Lok Sabha 32 4.31%
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2 Decrease 30 3.29% Decrease 1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13 Increase 11 2.96% Decrease 0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 3 2.97% Increase 0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12 Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29 Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5 Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6 Increase 1 2.51% Decrease 0.53%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 21 Increase 15 2.52% Increase 0.01%

Assembly[edit]

The total number of Assembly seats in previously united Andhra Pradesh was 294. At present, Andhra Pradesh has 175 Assembly seats.

Year General Election Leader of Party Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote% Result
1983 7th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 214(13 allies) 54.04% (67% with allies) Won
1985 8th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 235(33 allies) 0 46.21% (63.7% with allies) Decrease 7.83% Won
1989 9th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 94 (20 allies) Decrease 128 36.54% (45.3% with allies) Decrease 9.67% Lost
1994 10th Assembly Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao 264(38 allies) Increase 142 44.14% (67% with allies) Increase 7.60% Won
1999 11th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 194 (14 allies) Decrease 36 39.87% (45.3% with allies) Decrease 4.27% Won
2004 12th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 90 (43 allies) Decrease 133 37.59% (49% with allies) Decrease 2.28% Lost
2009 13th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 97(5 allies) Increase 45 28.12% (33.4% with allies) Decrease 9.47% Lost
2014 14th Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu 127(10 allies) 107 new AP, 20 T Increase 35 28.12% (36% with allies (48% SA, 21.5%T)) Decrease 1.47% Won

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

  • Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
    • First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984)
    • Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989)
    • Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995)
  • Nara Chandrababu Naidu
    • First term (1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004)
    • Second term (8 June 2014 – Present) (first CM to rule over post-division Andhra Pradesh)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "TDP wins 102 out of 175 seats". 
  4. ^ List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
  5. ^ Indian general election, 1984

External links[edit]