Temanggung Regency in Central Java
|Named for||Temanggung village|
|Seat||Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Kabupaten|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
All travelers going to the Dieng temple complex from Yogya or Semarang have to pass this regency. Temanggung Regency is famous for longan, a small sweet fruit that is harvested in January and February.
Temanggung Regency is located on the volcanic Dieng Plateau with an average elevation between 500 to 1450 meters and it is landlocked. The volcanoes Mount Sundoro and Mount Sumbing arise on its border with the Wonosobo Regency. Its major drainage system is the Progo River and its tributaries.
It is bordered by:
- Pekalongan Regency to the northeast;
- Batang Regency to the north;
- Semarang Regency to the east;
- Magelang Regency to the south; and
- Wonosobo Regency to the southwest.
Temanggung Regency is divided into the following twenty subdistricts (kecamatan).
The major towns of Temanggung Regency, aside from the capital of Temanggung, include Candiroto, Jumo, Kaloran, Kandangan, Kranggan, Muntung, Ngadirejo, Parakan, and Tretep.
After World War II, Temanggung Regency was one of the areas in central Java where the Communist Party (PKI) had is rural strongholds. In the 21st century Temanggung Regency provided a hideout for members of the Islamist Jemaah Islamiyah.
The majority of the population of the Temanggung Regency is Muslim. It was once predominately Hindu for thousands of years. The oldest stone structure in Indonesia is found here; 4 temple of Shiva; one of the trinity of Hinduism. Though there were 400; only 4 remain.
The big cash crop in the Temanggung Regency is tobacco. Other cash crops include patchouli oil, honey and soy oil. The traditional herbal medicine, jamu, is the basis of a local industry as well as is the production of cigars. Silkworms are raised in the area around the town of Candiroto.
There is a rail line from Parakan through the town of Temanggung south to Magelang and on to junction with the coastal rail lines, however, it is currently closed by the government due to the operational costs.
Culture and tourism
- Gondosuli Temple - A newly discovered temple located 13 km from the town of Temanggung.
- Kledung - a highly scenic pass between Mount Sumbing (3371 M) and Mount Sundoro (3133 M), it is crossed at around 2340 M, and the views are great. Located 20 km from Temanggung, It is excellent site for relaxing and mountaineering. Bungalows and other accommodation are available.
- Jumprit - a pool on the slope of Mount Sundoro, located 22 km from Temanggung. The water is cool and clean, and to some meditators considered as a holy place. The scenery here is very beautiful.
- Pringapus Temple- located near Jumprit. It was built by Sanjaya kingdom.
- Pakitan and Parakan - two small pleasant towns in the regency. Pakitan is situated between the hills, it has a cool climate.
- Meteorit - located in Wonotirto subdistrict Bulu.
- Water Fall Trocoh / Curug Trocoh - Located in Wonoboyo.
- Blomfield, Adrian (8 August 2009) "Police foil plot to kill Indonesian president after raid on top terror suspect" The Telegraph (UK)
- Staff (8 February 2011) "Indonesia: Angry Muslim crowd attacks Java churches" BBC News
- Hanusz, Mark (2000) Kretek: The culture and heritage of Indonesia's clove cigarettes Equinox Publishing, Jakarta, Indonesia, page 82, ISBN 979-95898-0-0
- "Indonesia 1:250,000 topographic map, Series T503, Jogjakarta SB49-14" US Army Mapping Service, October 1959
- "Temanggung Google Satellite Map" Maplandia World Gazetteer