Templars of Honor and Temperance
The Templars of Honor and Temperance established in the United States in 1845 as the Marshall Temperance Fraternity as part of the temperance movement. The Templars were formed as a result of a schism within the older Sons of Temperance, when some felt that the organization did not have an elaborated enough ritual. The new group changed its name several times, first to "Marshall Temple, No. 1, Sons of Honor," then to "Marshall Temple of Honor, No. 1, Sons of Temperance." In 1846 the National Temple of the Templars of Honor and Temperance of the United States was instituted in New York.
The society had a secret ritual which was based on the medieval Knights Templar, the story of Damon and Pythias as well as Jonathan and David. The ritual worked six degrees and is said to have shown Masonic influence. The group was led by a "Supreme Council" and subordinate groups included "Grand Councils" and "Great Temples".
- Alan Axelrod International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders New York; Facts on File, inc 1997 p.239
- Alvin J. Schmidt Fraternal Orders (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press), 1930, pp.330-1