Template:IPA consonant chart

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IPA pulmonic consonantschart image • Loudspeaker.svg audio
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Radical Glot­tal
↓ Manner Bi­la­bi­al La­bi­o­den­tal Den­tal Al­ve­o­lar Post­al­ve­o­lar Ret­ro­flex Al­ve­o­lo­pal­a­tal Pal­a­tal Ve­lar U­vu­lar Phar­yn­ge­al Ep­i­glot­tal
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ̊ ɳ ɲ̊ ɲ ŋ̊ ŋ ɴ
Stop p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʡ ʔ
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ɕ ʑ
Non-sibilant fricative ɸ β f v θ ð θ̱ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ ʜ ʢ h ɦ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Flap or tap ⱱ̟ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̯
Trill ʙ r ɽ͡r ʀ̥ ʀ  *
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ  * ʎ̝̊ ʟ̝̊ ʟ̝
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ
Lateral flap ɺ ɺ̢ * ʎ̯ ʟ̆
Non-pulmonic consonants
Clicks ʘ ǀ ǃ ǂ ǁ
ʘ̃ ʘ̃ˀ ʘ͡q ʘ͡qʼ
Implosives ɓ̥ ɓ ɗ̥ ɗ ʄ̊ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Ejectives t̪ʼ ʈʼ θʼ
ɬʼ ʃʼ ʂʼ ɕʼ χʼ tsʼ tɬʼ
cʎ̝̥ʼ tʃʼ ʈʂʼ kxʼ kʟ̝̊ʼ qχʼ
Affricates
p̪f b̪v ts dz t̪s̪ d̪z̪
ʈʂ ɖʐ ɟʝ cʎ̝̥
kx kʟ̝̊ ɡʟ̝
Co-articulated consonants
Continuants ʍ w ɥ ɧ
Occlusives k͡p ɡ͡b ŋ͡m
— These tables contain phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]
— Where symbols appear in pairs, left–right represent the voiceless–voiced consonants.
— Shaded areas denote pulmonic articulations judged to be impossible.
— Symbols marked with an asterisk (*) are not defined in the IPA.
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Usage

Write {{IPA consonant chart}} to use (transclude) this template.

Optional showing non-IPA symbols

Symbols that are not defined by IPA can be hidden by using the switch "shownonIPA":
{{IPA consonant chart|shownonIPA=no}}.
The default is "shownonIPA=yes".

Effect on printing

Navigation-boxes are considered to be for Wikipedia-internal use only, and are never printed. Therefore, if the tables are in-line part of the article (instead of a navigational help), this template should be used, not the navigation box {{Consonants}}.

See also