Template:Cardiovascular worksheet

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Measure Typical value Normal range
end-diastolic volume (EDV) 120 mL[1][non-primary source needed] 65–240 mL[1][non-primary source needed]
end-systolic volume (ESV) 50 mL[1][non-primary source needed] 16–143 mL[1][non-primary source needed]
stroke volume (SV) 70 mL 55–100 mL
ejection fraction (Ef) 58% 55–70%[2]
heart rate (HR) 75 bpm 60–100 bpm[3]
cardiac output (CO)oo 5.25 L/minute 4.0–8.0 L/min[4]


These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ a b c d Schlosser, Thomas; Pagonidis, Konstantin; Herborn, Christoph U.; Hunold, Peter; Waltering, Kai-Uwe; Lauenstein, Thomas C.; Barkhausen, Jörg (2005). "Assessment of Left Ventricular Parameters Using 16-MDCT and New Software for Endocardial and Epicardial Border Delineation". Am J Roentgenol 184 (3): 765–773. doi:10.2214/ajr.184.3.01840765.  Values:
    • End-diastolic volume (left ventricular) – average 118 and a range of 68 – 239mL and
    • End-systolic volume (left ventricular) – average 50.1 and range, 16 – 143 mL:
    • Also, ejection fraction was estimated in this study to be average 59.9% ± 14.4%; range, 18 – 76%, but secondary source (see above) is used in this article instead.
  2. ^ O'Connor, Simon (2009). Examination Medicine (The Examination). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. p. 41. ISBN 0-7295-3911-3. 
  3. ^ Normal ranges for heart rate are among the narrowest limits between bradycardia and tachycardia. See the Bradycardia and Tachycardia articles for more detailed limits.
  4. ^ Edwards Lifesciences LLC > Normal Hemodynamic Parameters – Adult 2009