Template:Cite comic

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Note: This template has recently undergone major revisions. If you spot anything which you think may need correcting, please feel free to mention it on the talk page.

Purpose

To format references to comic books in a consistent and legible manner.

Usage

For a comic book with one creator:

{{Cite comic
| cartoonist = 
| story = 
| title = '''REQUIRED'''
| volume = 
| issue = 
| date = '''REQUIRED'''
| publisher = 
| location = 
| page = 
| panel = 
| id =
}}

For a comic book with a writer and separate artist performing both pencilling and inking duties:

{{Cite comic
| writer = 
| artist = 
| story = 
| title = '''REQUIRED'''
| volume = 
| issue = 
| date = '''REQUIRED'''
| publisher = 
| location = 
| page = 
| panel = 
| id =
}}

For a comic book with separate creators:

{{Cite comic
| writer = 
| penciller = 
| inker = 
| story = 
| title = '''REQUIRED'''
| volume = 
| issue = 
| date = '''REQUIRED'''
| publisher = 
| location = 
| page = 
| panel = 
| id =
}}

For a citation involving multiple creators, for example due to a story arc crossing over into other series:

{{Cite comic
| writer = 
| cowriters = 
| penciller = 
| copencillers = 
| inker = 
| coinkers = 
| story = 
| title = '''REQUIRED'''
| volume = 
| issue = 
| date = '''REQUIRED'''
| publisher = 
| location = 
| page = 
| panel = 
| id = 
}}

Description of parameters

  • cartoonist: Use this field for a work with only one creator, for example, Bone by Jeff Smith. It needs to be entered in piped form so that it displays the author in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Jeff Smith (cartoonist)|Smith, Jeff]].
    • writer: On a collaborative book, use this field to enter the writer's name, again in piped form so that it displays the author in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Stan Lee|Lee, Stan]]. (This field is ignored if the Cartoonist field is used)
      • cowriters: When citing a story arc that has multiple creators, perhaps due to crossing over into other titles, or being a collection of such a story arc, use this tag to identify up to two more writers. They should be entered in normal style, First name Last name rather than citation style, for example [[Roy Thomas]], not [[Roy Thomas|Thomas, Roy]]. If more than three writers in total contributed to the work, identify three, one using the writer tag, two using this tag, and follow with the phrase et al, as follows: [[Roy Thomas]], [[Grant Morrison]] ''et al''.
    • artist: On a collaborative book, use this field to enter the artist's name, where the artist has provided both the pencilling and the inking, again in piped form so that it displays the author in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[John Byrne|Byrne, John]]. (This field is ignored if the Cartoonist field is used)
      • coartists: When citing a story arc that has multiple creators, perhaps due to crossing over into other titles, or being a collection of such a story arc, use this tag to identify up to two more artists. They should be entered in normal style, First name Last name rather than citation style, for example [[Frank Miller]], not [[Frank Miller|Miller, Frank]]. If more than three artists in total contributed to the work, identify three, one using the artist tag, two using this tag, and follow with the phrase et al, as follows: [[Frank Miller]], [[Sergio Aragonés]] ''et al''.
      • penciller: On a collaborative book, use this field to enter the penciller's name, again in piped form so that it displays the author in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Jack Kirby|Kirby, Jack]].
        • copencillers: When citing a story arc that has multiple creators, perhaps due to crossing over into other titles, or being a collection of such a story arc, use this tag to identify up to two more pencillers. They should be entered in normal style, First name Last name rather than citation style, for example [[John Byrne]], not [[John Byrne|Byrne, John]]. If more than three pencillers in total contributed to the work, identify three, one using the penciller tag, two using this tag, and follow with the phrase et al, as follows: [[John Byrne]], [[Walt Simonson]] ''et al''.
      • inker: On a collaborative book, use this field to enter the inker's name, again in piped form so that it displays the author in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Joe Sinnott|Sinnott, Joe]] (This field is ignored if the Cartoonist field is used)
        • coinkers: When citing a story arc that has multiple creators, perhaps due to crossing over into other titles, or being a collection of such a story arc, use this tag to identify up to two more inkers. They should be entered in normal style, First name Last name rather than citation style, for example [[Joe Sinnott]], not [[Joe Sinnott|Sinnott, Joe]]. If more than three inkers in total contributed to the work, identify three, one using the inker tag, two using this tag, and follow with the phrase et al, as follows: [[Joe Sinnot]], [[Terry Austin]] ''et al''.
  • colorist: On a color book, use this field to enter the colorists's name, again in piped form so that it displays the colorist in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Tatjana Wood|Wood, Tatjana]]. If the colorist is a company enter their name, using piped form as required. Example, [[Olyoptics]]
  • letterer: Use this field to enter the letterer name, again in piped form so that it displays the letterer in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[John Constanza|Constanza, John]]. If the letterer is a company enter their name, using piped form as required. Example, [[Comicraft]]
  • editor: Use this field to enter the editor's name, again in piped form so that it displays the editor in citation style, Last, First. Example, [[Julius Schwartz|Schwartz, Julius]].
  • story: The title of the story within the comic book. Example: Fall of the Mutants. Pipe only if we have an article, and do not pipe if the url field is used.
  • title: Title of the comic book. This is a required parameter. This may be linked in pipe form unless a url is entered and the story field is not used.
  • url: the url of any web-based comic. Note this field will turn either the story field or the title field into an external link, so it is important not to wikilink those fields using piping when using the url field. Note: Wikipedia does not link to sites which violate the copyrights of others. Linking to websites that display copyrighted works is acceptable as long as the website has licensed the work. See guidance for more details.
  • format: the format of the url. Do not enter HTML as this is the default. Example, PDF.
  • volume: Volume number of the comic book series if given.
  • issue: Issue number of the comic book.
  • date: January 1, 2006 (US), 1 January 2006 (non-US). Full date of publication, found in the indicia. Also known as the "cover date". This is a required parameter.
  • publisher: Publisher of the comic book. Use name of company at time of publication.
  • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • page: 45–7, 45–51, 145–7, 145–51, front cover, inside back cover, etc.: First page, and optional last page. If pages are not identified, count from first page, ignoring covers and adverts, and place the number in square brackets, []. The variant pages also works.
  • panel: Panel number, if referencing a specific panel. Panels should be identified by counting left to right, top to bottom for American and European works, and right to left, top to bottom for Japanese and other foreign language works where appropriate.
  • id: Use this field to enter an ISBN or ISSN if known, in the form ISBN 0123456789 (don't link it – the MediaWiki software will do that for you) or [[ISSN]] 0123-4567.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing.

Examples

Full citation of a comic book

For example, citing the second panel of the third page of The Fantastic Four issue 1:

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Stan Lee|Lee, Stan]]
 | penciller=[[Jack Kirby|Kirby, Jack]]
 | inker=[[Christopher Rule|Rule, Christopher]]
 | colorist=[[Stan Goldberg|Goldberg, Stan]]
 | letterer=[[Art Simek|Simek, Art]]
 | editor=Lee, Stan
 | story=The Fantastic Four!
 | title=[[The Fantastic Four]]
 | volume=1
 | issue=1
 | date=November 1961 
 | publisher=[[Marvel Comics]]
 | location=[[New York, NY]]
 | page=3
 | panel=2
 }}

Citation of a story in a multi story issue

For example the first chapter of Zenith:

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Grant Morrison|Morrison, Grant]]
 | artist=[[Steve Yeowell|Yeowell, Steve]]
 | story=Zenith - Prologue: Ground Zero
 | title=[[2000 AD (comics)|2000 AD]]
 | volume=1
 | issue=535
 | date=August 15, 1987
 | publisher=[[Fleetway|Fleetway Publications Ltd.]]
 | location=[[London, UK]]
  |page=1–5
 }}

A citation of a work with one author

For example the first issue of Bone:

*{{ Cite comic
 | cartoonist=[[Jeff Smith (cartoonist)|Smith, Jeff]]
 | story=The Map
 | title=[[Bone (comics)|Bone]]
 | volume=1
 | issue=1
 | date=July 1991
 | publisher=[[Cartoon Books]]
 | location=[[Columbus, OH]]
 }}

Citation of a story arc within a series

For example The Death of Gwen Stacy from The Amazing Spider-Man:

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Gerry Conway|Conway, Gerry]]
 | penciller=[[Gil Kane|Kane, Gil]]
 | inker=[[John Romita Sr.|Romita Sr., John]]
 | story=The Death of Gwen Stacy
 | title=[[The Amazing Spider-Man]]
 | volume=1
 | issue=121–122
 | date=June–July 1973 |
 | publisher=[[Marvel Comics]]
 | location=[[New York, NY]]
 }}

Citation of a collection of a story arc

In some instances, where storylines span separate titles it is usually better to cite the collection if one exists, for example "The Death of Superman":

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Roger Stern|Stern, Roger]]
 | cowriters=[[Jerry Ordway]],  [[Louise Simonson]] ''et al''
 | penciller=[[Jon Bogdanove|Bogdanove, John]]
 | copencillers=[[Tom Grummett]], [[Jackson Guice]] ''et al''
 | inker=[[Rick Burchett|Burchett, Rick]]
 | coinker=[[Brett Breeding]],  [[Dennis Janke]] ''et al''
 | title=[[The Death of Superman]]
 | date=January 1993 |
 | publisher=[[DC Comics]]
 | location=[[New York, NY]]
 | id=ISBN 1563890976
 }}

Citation of an original graphic novel or trade paperback

For example the trade paperback collection of Watchmen:

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Alan Moore|Moore, Alan]]
 | artist=[[Dave Gibbons|Gibbons, Dave]]
 | title=[[Watchmen]]
 | date=1987 |
 | publisher=[[DC Comics]]
 | location=[[New York, NY]]
 | id=ISBN 0930289234
 }}

Citation of a column from within a comic book

For example, to cite one of Mark Gruenwald's Mark's Remarks columns:

*{{ Cite comic
 | writer=[[Mark Gruenwald|Gruenwald, Mark]]
 | story=Mark's Remarks [column]
 | title=[[West Coast Avengers]]
 | issue=32
 | date=May 1988 |
 | page=24
 | publisher=[[Marvel Comics]]
 | location=[[New York, NY]]
 }}

See also

Reference