Template:Cite news/sandbox

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite DVD notes}} DVD liner notes
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} web sources

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for news articles in print, video, audio or web.

Usage[edit]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
To cite a news article with a credited author

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

To cite a news article with no credited author

{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |date= |accessdate= }}

To cite an online news article that has been archived

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |deadurl= |newspaper= |location= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= }}

To cite a news article written in a foreign language

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language news article re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite news |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |language= |newspaper= |location= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite news |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |lastauthoramp= |date= |year= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |department= |newspaper= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |agency= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |separator= |postscript= |ref= }}


Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
To cite a news article with a credited author
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a news article with no credited author
{{cite news
| author       =<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.-->
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| date         = 
| accessdate   =
}}
To cite an online news article that has been archived
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite a news article written in a foreign language
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| accessdate   = 
}}
To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language news article re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite news
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| last2        = 
| first2       = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| deadurl      = 
| format       = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| accessdate   = 
| via          = 
| subscription = 
| quote        = 
}}


Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite news
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| displayauthors        = 
| author-mask           = 
| author-name-separator = 
| author-separator      = 
| lastauthoramp         = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| title                 =
| script-title          =
| trans-title           = 
| url                   = 
| deadurl               = 
| format                = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| displayeditors        = 
| department            = 
| newspaper             = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| others                = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| agency                = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| nopp                  =
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| doi                   = 
| doi-brokendate        = 
| isbn                  = 
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    = 
| osti                  = 
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archiveurl            = 
| archivedate           = 
| accessdate            = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| layurl                = 
| laysource             = 
| laydate               = 
| quote                 = 
| separator             = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[edit]

A news article with a credited author

{{cite news |last=Wolford |first=Ben |date=2013-10-17 |title=Citrus Canker Lawsuit Headed Back to Trial |url=http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-citrus-canker-ruling-20131016,0,7602285.story |newspaper=South Florida Sun-Sentinel |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:


A news article released by a news agency and having no credited author

{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=Bellingham Police Arrest WWU Student in Melee |url=http://blogs.seattletimes.com/today/2013/10/bellingham-police-arrest-wwu-student-in-melee/ |newspaper=The Seattle Times |agency=Associated Press |date=2013-10-17 |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:


A news article that has been archived

{{cite news |last=Pank |first=Philip |date=2013-10-18 |title=Families Accuse Network Rail of Cover-Up |url=http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/transport/article3897709.ece |deadurl=no |newspaper=The Times |location=London |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS5scqfE |archivedate=2013-10-18 |accessdate=2013-10-18}}

Displays as:


A news article written in a foreign language

{{cite news |last=Bourmaud |first=François-Xavier |date=2013-10-17 |title=Hollande dans le Bourbier de L'affaire Leonarda |trans-title=Holland in the Quagmire of the Leonarda Case |url=http://www.lefigaro.fr/politique/2013/10/17/01002-20131017ARTFIG00575-hollande-dans-le-bourbier-de-l-affaire-leonarda.php |language=French |newspaper=Le Figaro |location=Paris |accessdate=2013-10-17}}

Displays as:


A two author news article that you quote and archive, is written in a foreign language and has been re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite news |last1=Sueiro |first1=Marcos |last2=Guzman |first2=Lucia |date=2012-05-12 |title=El Crimen de Lucia Barranta Será Juzgado por un Jurado Popular |trans-title=Lucia Barranta's Crime Will Be Judged by a Jury |url=http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2013/10/17/espana/6845003888.html |deadurl=yes |format=PDF |language=Spanish |newspaper=El Mundo |location=Madrid, Spain |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS7JR04T |archivedate=2012-06-22 |accessdate=2012-06-22 |via=Highbeam Research |subscription=yes |quote=Los comparecientes lo harán en calidad de imputados por un delito de homicidio.}}

Displays as:

Parameters[edit]

Syntax[edit]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.). This can be an issue when the last field uses an abbreviation or initial that ends with a period, as then two periods will display (..). The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

COinS[edit]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[edit]

The following parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • day · month: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • coauthor · coauthors: Use last# / first# or author or authors

Description[edit]

Authors[edit]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[edit]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;


  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code; use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates.

Periodical[edit]

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. Alias: number.
    • department: Regular department within the periodical. Displays after title and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter is italicized and is not enclosed in quotes.
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.
type does not display.

Date[edit]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1#Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900; for no date, add as |date=n.d.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: (deprecated) Name of the month or season of publication. Use date instead.
  • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[edit]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher) that presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank); or when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer; or where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO); or if the deliverer requests attribution; or as suggested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). |via= permits adding a level of detail to "say where you found it" within the syntax of the citation template. |via= is not intended to replace |publisher=. See also |registration= and |subscription=.

Edition, volume[edit]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations[edit]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[edit]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when the contents pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, accessdate is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but is required for links to news articles on commercial sites (these are changed from time to time, even if also published in a physical media). Note that accessdate is the date that the URL was checked to not only be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate and url.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7b  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ a b Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor[edit]

Identifiers[edit]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi_brokendate: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See: Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN). Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR abstract; for example: "jstor=3793107" will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article. E.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also |pmid= below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also |pmc= above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[edit]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors[edit]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[edit]

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[edit]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as Shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed except when there are nine authors, then the author list in the citation is truncated to eight authors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Subscription or registration required[edit]

Main page: WP:PAYWALL

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

TemplateData[edit]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Auto value Status
URL urlURL The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found string empty empty suggested
Source title title The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes string empty empty required
Last name lastauthorauthor1authorslast1 The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'. unknown empty empty suggested
First name firstfirst1 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'. unknown empty empty suggested
Source date date Full date of the source; do not wikilink string empty empty suggested
Work work Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical' string empty empty suggested
Publisher publisher Name of the publisher; displays after title string empty empty optional
Author link authorlinkauthor-linkauthor1-linkauthorlink1 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last2author2 The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first2 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink2author2-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list) wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Newspaper newspaper Name of the newspaper; displays after title string empty empty optional
URL access date accessdate The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink string empty empty suggested
Others others Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith' string empty empty optional
Month of publication month Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known string empty empty optional
Year of publication year Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known string empty empty optional
Original year origyear Original year of publication; provide specifics string empty empty optional
Editor last name editor-last The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors' unknown empty empty optional
Editor first name editor-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first' unknown empty empty optional
Editor link editor-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link' wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Issue issue Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically string empty empty optional
Department department Department within the periodical string empty empty optional
Location of publication location Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place' string empty empty optional
Place of publication publication-place Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at' string empty empty optional
Publication date publication-date Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Agency agency The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse string empty empty optional
Edition edition When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.' string empty empty optional
Volume volume For one publication published in several volumes string empty empty optional
Page page Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.' string empty empty optional
Pages pages Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.' string empty empty optional
No pp nopp Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover') string empty empty optional
At at May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient string empty empty optional
Language language The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates string empty empty optional
Script title script-title For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:... string empty empty optional
Translated title trans-title An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string empty empty optional
Type type Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case string empty empty optional
Format format Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML string empty empty optional
arXiv identifier arxiv An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers string empty empty optional
AZIN asin Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters string empty empty optional
AZIN TLD asin-tld ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US string empty empty optional
Bibcode bibcode Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters string empty empty optional
DOI doi Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.' string empty empty optional
DOI broken date doi_brokendate The date that the DOI was determined to be broken string empty empty optional
ISBN isbn International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible string empty empty optional
ISSN issn International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen string empty empty optional
jfm code jfm Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code string empty empty optional
JSTOR jstor JSTOR identifier string empty empty optional
LCCN lccn Library of Congress Control Number string empty empty optional
MR mr Mathematical Reviews identifier string empty empty optional
OCLC oclc Online Computer Library Center number string empty empty optional
OL ol Open Library identifier string empty empty optional
OSTI osti Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier string empty empty optional
PMC pmc PubMed Center article number string empty empty optional
PMID pmid PubMed Unique Identifier string empty empty optional
RFC rfc Request for Comments number string empty empty optional
SSRN ssrn Social Science Research Network string empty empty optional
Zbl zbl Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier string empty empty optional
id id A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable string empty empty optional
Archive URL archiveurl The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate' string empty empty optional
Archive date archivedate Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Dead URL deadurl If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live string empty empty optional
Quote quote Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation string empty empty optional
Ref ref An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template string empty empty optional
Separator separator The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string . empty optional
Postscript postscript The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined string . empty optional
Lay URL layurl URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary' string empty empty optional
Lay source laysource Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash string empty empty optional
Lay date laydate Date of the summary; displays in parentheses string empty empty optional
Last name last3author3 The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first3 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink3author3-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last4author4 The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first4 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink4author4-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last5author5 The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first5 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink5author5-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last6author6 The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first6author6-link Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink6 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last7author7 The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first7 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink7author7-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last8author8 The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first8 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink8author8-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last9author9 The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author. unknown empty empty optional
First name first9 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink9author9-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Author mask author-mask Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead string empty empty optional
Author name separator author-name-separator Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string , empty optional
Author separator author-separator Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string ; empty optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors' number 8 empty optional
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space' string empty empty optional

See also[edit]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.