Template:Find sources

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Find sources: "Find sources" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR · free images

Documentation icon Template documentation

This template produces a series of links to various search interfaces to help find additional reference material for articles. This template should not be used in articles themselves - see Wikipedia:EL#Links normally to be avoided.


The first parameter is the main search term, which will be treated as a literal string if multi-part (e.g. Albert Einstein will be searched as the single string "Albert Einstein" not "Albert" and "Einstein" separately).

Optional subsequent parameters (up to 4) are additional search terms. They can be enclosed in double quotation marks, preceded by an unspaced - (hyphen) to exclude them from the search results, or both (e.g. -"Marilyn Monroe" to exclude matches containing the phrase "Marilyn Monroe", but not either name by itself, from the search results). You do not need to add -wikipedia, as the template automatically does this for you. Also, there is no need to add words in plural form unless irregular, as the search interface will match (for example) billiards as well given a search term of billiard.

If no parameters are given, the name of the article is passed as the search string. Note that this may or may not be desirable with disambiguated article names (if the Wikipedia disambiguator is sensible, however, it may actually help refine the search results)

Search engines

The template includes links to the following search engines:

  • Google, the flagship search engine from Google Inc.
  • Google News, Google's search engine for news sites.
  • Google Newspapers, a search of Google's digital archive of print newspapers.
  • Google Books, Google's search engine for books.
  • Google Scholar, Google's search engine for academic papers and other scholarly research.
  • JSTOR, an online library containing digitised versions of academic journals. Requires a subscription.
  • Google Images, Google's search engine for images. Only images compatible with Wikipedia's licensing are included.


  • Default search:
{{Find sources}}
Find sources: "Find sources" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
  • Simple search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein}}
Find sources: "Albert Einstein" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
  • Complex search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein|physics|-"Marilyn Monroe"|relativity|science}}
Find sources: "Albert Einstein" physics -"Marilyn Monroe" relativity science – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR · free images

See also