Template:Infobox IPA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Usage

This template can be used to add an infobox for a phonetic sound.

This infobox can be used to describe a phonetic sound, both by its name and its IPA symbol. Additional information can be added, like the X-SAMPA letters and a graphic image file.

In general, the descriptive name corresponds with the article name. The infobox is then placed on that article page.

Parameters

Basic parameters

Only a few parameters are required to produce a useful infobox. The above header can be set, and up to four IPA symbols can be shown:

For common IPA symbols, the IPA number defines the article name and the default soundfile name. Decimals are decimal character references, also known as "Entity", to define the symbol in HTML. The template tries to find all known information with these two numbers.

Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
ɮ
IPA number 149
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɮ
Unicode (hex) U+026E
Sound
{{Infobox IPA
| ipa number  = 149
| decimal1    = 622
}}

Some more basic parameters:

Voiced velar stop
ɡ
IPA number 110
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɡ
Unicode (hex) U+0261
X-SAMPA g
Kirshenbaum g
Braille ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
Sound
{{Infobox IPA
| above       = Voiced velar stop
| ipa number  = 110
| decimal     = 609
| imagefile   = Voiced velar stop (vector).svg
| imagesize   = 150px
| x-sampa     = g
| kirshenbaum = g
| braille     = g
}}

Full parameter list

{{infobox IPA
| above        =
| ipa symbol   =
| ipa symbol2  =
| ipa symbol3  =
| ipa symbol4  =

| imagefile    =
| imagecaption =
| imagesize    =

| ipa number   =
| ipa link     =
| decimal1     =
| decimal2     =
| decimal3     =
| decimal4     =
| note1 label  =
| note1        =

| unicode      =
| x-sampa      =
| kirshenbaum  =
| braille      = 
| braille2     = 
| braille3     = 
| braille4     = 
| note2 label  =
| note2        =

| soundfile    =
}}
Decimal numbers

Up to four decimal values can be entered, to compose the symbol:

Voiceless palatal lateral fricative
ʎ̥˔
IPA number 157 402A 429
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʎ​̥​˔
Unicode (hex) U+028E U+0325 U+02D4
Sound
| ipa symbol = ʎ̥˔
| ipa number = 157 402A 429
| decimal1   = 654
| decimal2   = 805
| decimal3   = 724
| decimal4   =

Multiple symbols

Up to eight symbols can be shown in big font.

Downstep and upstep
ꜛ◌
ꜜ◌
| above = Downstep and upstep
| ipa symbol  = ꜛ◌
| ipa symbol2 = ꜜ◌
| ipa symbol3 =
...
| ipa symbol8 =

Image

Adding an image of the symbol:

Voiceless palatal lateral fricative
ʎ̥˔
Sound
{{infobox IPA
| ipa symbol = ʎ̥˔
| imagefile    = Lateral fricatives.png
| imagecaption = image example
| imagesize    = 50px
}}

More input options

Open front unrounded vowel
a
Extra note 1 This is my first note
Encoding
Unicode (hex) U+9999
X-SAMPA X-S
Kirshenbaum K
Extra note 2 Another note by me here
Sound
| ipa symbol   = a
| note1 label  = Extra note 1
| note1        = This is my first note

| unicode      = U+9999
| x-sampa      = X-S
| kirshenbaum  = K
| note2 label  = Extra note 2
| note2        = Another note by me here

Soundfile

The template tries to determine the default soundfile name by using the sound name (as determined by the IPA number, or IPA symbol):

  • {{IPA symbol|m}} → bilabial nasal.ogg
  • If this fails, the file name can be entered.

When the file exists, the soundbutton is shown. Otherwise, no soundbutton is shown at all.

abc
Example non default soundfile
Sound
| ipa symbol = abc
| note2      = Example non default soundfile
| soundfile  = Accordion registers.ogg

Note

See {{IPA audio filename}} for more information on the naming of the phonetic soundfiles.

Deprecated parameters

The next parameters are deprecated. They can still be used, and may be present in articles.

Old parameters are treated as input for new ones, e.g. input ipa-image=... is read as input for imagefile=....

old parameter goes into new parameter:<br>
ipa-number    => ipa number
ipa-text      => ipa symbol
ipa-image     => imagefile
decimal       => decimal1
xsampa        => x-sampa
sound         => soundfile

Priorities in parameters

The template tries to get as much information as possible from the input. Overwriting:

| above        = (overwrites ipa symbol name (IPA symbol) in header)
| ipa symbol   = (overwrites big symbol that was created by the decimal numbers)
| unicode      = (overwrites Unicode numbers that were determinated by the decimal numbers)
| soundfile    = (overwrites any default soundfile name that was derived by the IPA symbol name or number)

See also