Template:Infobox aluminium

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Aluminium,  13Al
Aluminium-4.jpg
Aluminum Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of aluminium
General properties
Name, symbol aluminium, Al
Pronunciation UK Listeni/ˌæljʉˈmɪniəm/
AL-ew-MIN-ee-əm
US Listeni/əˈljmɨnəm/
ə-LEW-mi-nəm
Alternative name aluminum (US)
Appearance silvery gray metallic
Aluminium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
B

Al

Ga
magnesiumaluminiumsilicon
Atomic number 13
Standard atomic weight 26.9815385(7)
Element category post-transition metal, sometimes considered a metalloid
Group, block group 13, p-block
Period period 3
Electron configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p1
per shell 2, 8, 3
Physical properties
Phase solid
Melting point 933.47 K ​(660.32 °C, ​1220.58 °F)
Boiling point 2743 K ​(2470 °C, ​4478 °F)
Density near r.t. 2.70 g·cm−3
liquid, at m.p. 2.375 g·cm−3
Heat of fusion 10.71 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 284 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 24.20 J·mol−1·K−1
vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1482 1632 1817 2054 2364 2790
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 3, 2,[1] 1[2] ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.61
Ionization energies 1st: 577.5 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1816.7 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2744.8 kJ·mol−1
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 143 pm
Covalent radius 121±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 184 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for aluminium
Speed of sound thin rod, at r.t. (rolled) 5000 m·s−1
Thermal expansion 23.1 µm·m−1·K−1 (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 237 W·m−1·K−1
Electrical resistivity at 20 °C: 28.2 nΩ·m
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[3]
Young's modulus 70 GPa
Shear modulus 26 GPa
Bulk modulus 76 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.35
Mohs hardness 2.75
Vickers hardness 167 MPa
Brinell hardness 245 MPa
CAS number 7429-90-5
History
Prediction Antoine Lavoisier[4] (1787)
First isolation Friedrich Wöhler[4] (1827)
Named by Humphry Davy[4] (1807)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of aluminium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
26Al trace 7.17×105 y β+ 1.17 26Mg
ε 26Mg
γ 1.8086
27Al 100% 27Al is stable with 14 neutrons
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Aluminium monoxide
  2. ^ Aluminium iodide
  3. ^ Lide, D. R. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (81st ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 0849304814. 
  4. ^ a b c "Aluminum". Los Alamos National Laboratory. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Infoboxes for the chemical elements use the core template {{Infobox element}}.

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Parameter naming patterns

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ionization energy ref

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ionization energy comment

Numbered values make a list:

ionization energy
ionization energy 2
ionization energy 3

Subtemplates[edit]

Isotopes[edit]

Other[edit]

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{{Periodic table (32 columns, micro)}}
When atomic number ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8 and up). See, for example, {{Infobox ununennium}}.

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. (1990). "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A 521: 1–400. Bibcode:1990NuPhA.521....1E. doi:10.1016/0375-9474(90)90598-G. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.

See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
2He
ibox E
2 3Li
ibox E
4Be
ibox E
5B
ibox E
6C
ibox E
7N
ibox E
8O
ibox E
9F
ibox E
10Ne
ibox E
3 11Na
ibox E
12Mg
ibox E
13Al
ibox E
14Si
ibox E
15P
ibox E
16S
ibox E
17Cl
ibox E
18Ar
ibox E
4 19K
ibox E
20Ca
ibox E
21Sc
ibox E
22Ti
ibox E
23V
ibox E
24Cr
ibox E
25Mn
ibox E
26Fe
ibox E
27Co
ibox E
28Ni
ibox E
29Cu
ibox E
30Zn
ibox E
31Ga
ibox E
32Ge
ibox E
33As
ibox E
34Se
ibox E
35Br
ibox E
36Kr
ibox E
5 37Rb
ibox E
38Sr
ibox E
39Y
ibox E
40Zr
ibox E
41Nb
ibox E
42Mo
ibox E
43Tc
ibox E
44Ru
ibox E
45Rh
ibox E
46Pd
ibox E
47Ag
ibox E
48Cd
ibox E
49In
ibox E
50Sn
ibox E
51Sb
ibox E
52Te
ibox E
53 I 
ibox E
54Xe
ibox E
6 55Cs
ibox E
56Ba
ibox E
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
73Ta
ibox E
74W
ibox E
75Re
ibox E
76Os
ibox E
77Ir
ibox E
78Pt
ibox E
79Au
ibox E
80Hg
ibox E
81Tl
ibox E
82Pb
ibox E
83Bi
ibox E
84Po
ibox E
85At
ibox E
86Rn
ibox E
7 87Fr
ibox E
88Ra
ibox E
1 asterisk 104Rf
ibox E
105Db
ibox E
106Sg
ibox E
107Bh
ibox E
108Hs
ibox E
109Mt
ibox E
110Ds
ibox E
111Rg
ibox E
112Cn
ibox E
113Uut
ibox E
114Fl
ibox E
115Uup
ibox E
116Lv
ibox E
117Uus
ibox E
118Uuo
ibox E
8 119Uue
ibox E
120Ubn
ibox E
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
58Ce
ibox E
59Pr
ibox E
60Nd
ibox E
61Pm
ibox E
62Sm
ibox E
63Eu
ibox E
64Gd
ibox E
65Tb
ibox E
66Dy
ibox E
67Ho
ibox E
68Er
ibox E
69Tm
ibox E
70Yb
ibox E
71Lu
ibox E
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
ibox E
90Th
ibox E
91Pa
ibox E
92U
ibox E
93Np
ibox E
94Pu
ibox E
95Am
ibox E
96Cm
ibox E
97Bk
ibox E
98Cf
ibox E
99Es
ibox E
100Fm
ibox E
101Md
ibox E
102No
ibox E
103Lr
ibox E
 
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