Template:Infobox bismuth

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Bismuth
83Bi
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Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Sb

Bi

Uup
leadbismuthpolonium
Bismuth in the periodic table
Appearance
lustrous silver
General properties
Name, symbol, number bismuth, Bi, 83
Pronunciation /ˈbɪzməθ/ BIZ-məth
Element category other metal
Group, period, block 15 (pnictogens), 6, p
Standard atomic weight 208.98040(1)
Electron configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Physical properties
Phase solid
Density (near r.t.) 9.78 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 10.05 g·cm−3
Melting point 544.7 K, 271.5 °C, 520.7 °F
Boiling point 1837 K, 1564 °C, 2847 °F
Heat of fusion 11.30 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 179 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 25.52 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 941 1041 1165 1325 1538 1835
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
(mildly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.02 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 703 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1610 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2466 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 156 pm
Covalent radius 148±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 207 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure rhombohedral[1]
Bismuth has a rhombohedral crystal structure
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) 1.29 µΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 7.97 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (25 °C) 13.4 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod) (20 °C) 1790 m·s−1
Young's modulus 32 GPa
Shear modulus 12 GPa
Bulk modulus 31 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.33
Mohs hardness 2.25
Brinell hardness 94.2 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-69-9
History
Discovery Claude François Geoffroy (1753)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of bismuth
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
207Bi syn 31.55 y β+ 2.399 207Pb
208Bi syn 3.68×105 y β+ 2.880 208Pb
209Bi 100% 1.9×1019 y α 3.137 205Tl
210Bi trace 5.012 d β 1.426 210Po
α 5.982 206Tl
210mBi syn 3.04×106 y IT 0.271 210Bi
α 6.253 206Tl
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Cucka, P.; Barrett, C. S. (1962). "The crystal structure of Bi and of solid solutions of Pb, Sn, Sb and Te in Bi". Acta Crystallographica 15 (9): 865. doi:10.1107/S0365110X62002297. 
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

This infobox is used for chemical elements. {{Infobox element}} is the core template.

Parameters[edit]

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add the full definition on both pages (best use copy-paste). In the article, they will merge nicely.


Atomic number 119 and above[edit]

When the atomic number is ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8). See for example {{infobox ununennium}}.

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Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
/s /t
2He
ibox E
/s /t
2 3Li
ibox E
/s /t
4Be
ibox E
/s /t
5B
ibox E
/s /t
6C
ibox E
/s /t
7N
ibox E
/s /t
8O
ibox E
/s /t
9F
ibox E
/s /t
10Ne
ibox E
/s /t
3 11Na
ibox E
/s /t
12Mg
ibox E
/s /t
13Al
ibox E
/s /t
14Si
ibox E
/s /t
15P
ibox E
/s /t
16S
ibox E
/s /t
17Cl
ibox E
/s /t
18Ar
ibox E
/s /t
4 19K
ibox E
/s /t
20Ca
ibox E
/s /t
21Sc
ibox E
/s /t
22Ti
ibox E
/s /t
23V
ibox E
/s /t
24Cr
ibox E
/s /t
25Mn
ibox E
/s /t
26Fe
ibox E
/s /t
27Co
ibox E
/s /t
28Ni
ibox E
/s /t
29Cu
ibox E
/s /t
30Zn
ibox E
/s /t
31Ga
ibox E
/s /t
32Ge
ibox E
/s /t
33As
ibox E
/s /t
34Se
ibox E
/s /t
35Br
ibox E
/s /t
36Kr
ibox E
/s /t
5 37Rb
ibox E
/s /t
38Sr
ibox E
/s /t
39Y
ibox E
/s /t
40Zr
ibox E
/s /t
41Nb
ibox E
/s /t
42Mo
ibox E
/s /t
43Tc
ibox E
/s /t
44Ru
ibox E
/s /t
45Rh
ibox E
/s /t
46Pd
ibox E
/s /t
47Ag
ibox E
/s /t
48Cd
ibox E
/s /t
49In
ibox E
/s /t
50Sn
ibox E
/s /t
51Sb
ibox E
/s /t
52Te
ibox E
/s /t
53 I 
ibox E
/s /t
54Xe
ibox E
/s /t
6 55Cs
ibox E
/s /t
56Ba
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
/s /t
73Ta
ibox E
/s /t
74W
ibox E
/s /t
75Re
ibox E
/s /t
76Os
ibox E
/s /t
77Ir
ibox E
/s /t
78Pt
ibox E
/s /t
79Au
ibox E
/s /t
80Hg
ibox E
/s /t
81Tl
ibox E
/s /t
82Pb
ibox E
/s /t
83Bi
ibox E
/s /t
84Po
ibox E
/s /t
85At
ibox E
/s /t
86Rn
ibox E
/s /t
7 87Fr
ibox E
/s /t
88Ra
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 104Rf
ibox E
/s /t
105Db
ibox E
/s /t
106Sg
ibox E
/s /t
107Bh
ibox E
/s /t
108Hs
ibox E
/s /t
109Mt
ibox E
/s /t
110Ds
ibox E
/s /t
111Rg
ibox E
/s /t
112Cn
ibox E
/s /t
113Uut
ibox E
/s /t
114Fl
ibox E
/s /t
115Uup
ibox E
/s /t
116Lv
ibox E
/s /t
117Uus
ibox E
/s /t
118Uuo
ibox E
/s /t
Extended 119E119
ibox E
/s /t
120E120
ibox E
/s /t
121E121
ibox E
/s /t
122E122
ibox E
/s /t
124E124
ibox E
/s /t
126E126
ibox E
/s /t
127E127
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
/s /t
58Ce
ibox E
/s /t
59Pr
ibox E
/s /t
60Nd
ibox E
/s /t
61Pm
ibox E
/s /t
62Sm
ibox E
/s /t
63Eu
ibox E
/s /t
64Gd
ibox E
/s /t
65Tb
ibox E
/s /t
66Dy
ibox E
/s /t
67Ho
ibox E
/s /t
68Er
ibox E
/s /t
69Tm
ibox E
/s /t
70Yb
ibox E
/s /t
71Lu
ibox E
/s /t
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
ibox E
/s /t
90Th
ibox E
/s /t
91Pa
ibox E
/s /t
92U
ibox E
/s /t
93Np
ibox E
/s /t
94Pu
ibox E
/s /t
95Am
ibox E
/s /t
96Cm
ibox E
/s /t
97Bk
ibox E
/s /t
98Cf
ibox E
/s /t
99Es
ibox E
/s /t
100Fm
ibox E
/s /t
101Md
ibox E
/s /t
102No
ibox E
/s /t
103Lr
ibox E
/s /t
 
Category:Periodic table infobox templates (by element) · Category:Infobox element templates (subtemplates)
Sandboxes: {{Infobox element/sandbox}} · {{Infobox element/testcases}}
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. (1990). "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A 521: 1–400. Bibcode:1990NuPhA.521....1E. doi:10.1016/0375-9474(90)90598-G. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.