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Template:Infobox fluorine

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Fluorine,  9F
Small sample of pale yellow liquid fluorine condensed in liquid nitrogen
Liquid fluorine at cryogenic temperatures
General properties
Name, symbol fluorine, F
Pronunciation /ˈflʊərn/, /ˈflʊərɪn/, /ˈflɔərn/
FLOOR-een, FLOOR-in, FLOHR-een
Allotropes alpha, beta
Appearance gas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: alpha is opaque, beta is transparent
Fluorine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


F

Cl
oxygenfluorineneon
Atomic number 9
Standard atomic weight (±) 18.998403163(6)[1]
Element category   diatomic nonmetal
Group, block group 17 (halogens), p-block
Period period 2
Electron configuration [He] 2s2 2p5[2]
per shell 2, 7
Physical properties
Phase gas
Melting point 53.48 K ​(−219.67 °C, ​−363.41 °F)[3]
Boiling point 85.03 K ​(−188.11 °C, ​−306.60 °F)[3]
Density at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 1.696 g·L−1[4]
when liquid, at b.p. 1.505 g·cm−3[5]
Triple point 53.48 K, ​90 kPa[3]
Critical point 144.41 K, 5.1724 MPa[3]
Heat of vaporization 6.51 kJ·mol−1[4]
Molar heat capacity Cp: 31 J·mol−1·K−1[5] (at 21.1 °C)
Cv: 23 J·mol−1·K−1[5] (at 21.1 °C)
vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
Atomic properties
Oxidation states −1 ​(oxidizes oxygen)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.98[2]
Ionization energies 1st: 1681 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 3374 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 6147 kJ·mol−1
(more)[6]
Covalent radius 64 pm[7]
Van der Waals radius 135 pm[8]
Miscellanea
Crystal structure alpha: ​base-centered monoclinic[9]
Monoclinic base-centered crystal structure for alpha: fluorine

(low-temperature)
Thermal conductivity 0.02591 W·m−1·K−1[10]
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic (−1.2×10−4)[11][12]
CAS Registry Number 7782-41-4[2]
History
Naming after the mineral fluorite, itself named after Latin fluo (to flow, in smelting)
Discovery André-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolation Henri Moissan[2] (June 26, 1886)
Named by Humphry Davy
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of fluorine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
18F trace 109.77 min β+ (96.9%) 0.634 18O
ε (3.1%) 1.656 18O
19F 100% 19F is stable with 10 neutrons
reference[13]
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ 2013 Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. ^ a b c d Jaccaud et al. 2000, p. 381.
  3. ^ a b c d Haynes 2011, p. 4.121.
  4. ^ a b Jaccaud et al. 2000, p. 382.
  5. ^ a b c Compressed Gas Association 1999, p. 365.
  6. ^ Dean 1999, p. 4.6.
  7. ^ Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  8. ^ Matsui 2006, p. 257.
  9. ^ Young 1975, p. 10.
  10. ^ Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  11. ^ Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  12. ^ Cheng et al. 1999.
  13. ^ Chisté & Bé 2011.
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References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.

See also

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
2He
ibox E
2 3Li
ibox E
4Be
ibox E
5B
ibox E
6C
ibox E
7N
ibox E
8O
ibox E
9F
ibox E
10Ne
ibox E
3 11Na
ibox E
12Mg
ibox E
13Al
ibox E
14Si
ibox E
15P
ibox E
16S
ibox E
17Cl
ibox E
18Ar
ibox E
4 19K
ibox E
20Ca
ibox E
21Sc
ibox E
22Ti
ibox E
23V
ibox E
24Cr
ibox E
25Mn
ibox E
26Fe
ibox E
27Co
ibox E
28Ni
ibox E
29Cu
ibox E
30Zn
ibox E
31Ga
ibox E
32Ge
ibox E
33As
ibox E
34Se
ibox E
35Br
ibox E
36Kr
ibox E
5 37Rb
ibox E
38Sr
ibox E
39Y
ibox E
40Zr
ibox E
41Nb
ibox E
42Mo
ibox E
43Tc
ibox E
44Ru
ibox E
45Rh
ibox E
46Pd
ibox E
47Ag
ibox E
48Cd
ibox E
49In
ibox E
50Sn
ibox E
51Sb
ibox E
52Te
ibox E
53 I 
ibox E
54Xe
ibox E
6 55Cs
ibox E
56Ba
ibox E
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
73Ta
ibox E
74W
ibox E
75Re
ibox E
76Os
ibox E
77Ir
ibox E
78Pt
ibox E
79Au
ibox E
80Hg
ibox E
81Tl
ibox E
82Pb
ibox E
83Bi
ibox E
84Po
ibox E
85At
ibox E
86Rn
ibox E
7 87Fr
ibox E
88Ra
ibox E
1 asterisk 104Rf
ibox E
105Db
ibox E
106Sg
ibox E
107Bh
ibox E
108Hs
ibox E
109Mt
ibox E
110Ds
ibox E
111Rg
ibox E
112Cn
ibox E
113Uut
ibox E
114Fl
ibox E
115Uup
ibox E
116Lv
ibox E
117Uus
ibox E
118Uuo
ibox E
8 119Uue
ibox E
120Ubn
ibox E
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
58Ce
ibox E
59Pr
ibox E
60Nd
ibox E
61Pm
ibox E
62Sm
ibox E
63Eu
ibox E
64Gd
ibox E
65Tb
ibox E
66Dy
ibox E
67Ho
ibox E
68Er
ibox E
69Tm
ibox E
70Yb
ibox E
71Lu
ibox E
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
ibox E
90Th
ibox E
91Pa
ibox E
92U
ibox E
93Np
ibox E
94Pu
ibox E
95Am
ibox E
96Cm
ibox E
97Bk
ibox E
98Cf
ibox E
99Es
ibox E
100Fm
ibox E
101Md
ibox E
102No
ibox E
103Lr
ibox E
 
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