Template:Infobox iridium

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Iridium
77Ir
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
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Boron (metalloid)
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Radon (noble gas)
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Actinium (actinide)
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Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Rh

Ir

Mt
osmiumiridiumplatinum
Iridium in the periodic table
Appearance
silvery white
Two square pieces of gray foil
General properties
Name, symbol, number iridium, Ir, 77
Pronunciation /ɨˈrɪdiəm/
i-RID-ee-əm
Element category transition metal
Group, period, block 9, 6, d
Standard atomic weight 192.217
Electron configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
Physical properties
Phase solid
Density (near r.t.) 22.56 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 19 g·cm−3
Melting point 2739 K, 2466 °C, 4471 °F
Boiling point 4403 K, 4130 °C, 7466 °F
Heat of fusion 41.12 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 564 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 25.10 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2713 2957 3252 3614 4069 4659
Atomic properties
Oxidation states −3,−1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8
Electronegativity 2.20 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 880 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1600 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 136 pm
Covalent radius 141±6 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
Iridium has a face-centered cubic crystal structure
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[1]
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) 47.1 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 147 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion 6.4 µm/(m·K)
Speed of sound (thin rod) (20 °C) 4825 m·s−1
Young's modulus 528 GPa
Shear modulus 210 GPa
Bulk modulus 320 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.26
Mohs hardness 6.5
Vickers hardness 1760 MPa
Brinell hardness 1670 MPa
CAS registry number 7439-88-5
History
Discovery Smithson Tennant (1803)
First isolation Smithson Tennant (1803)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of iridium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
188Ir syn 1.73 d ε 1.64 188Os
189Ir syn 13.2 d ε 0.532 189Os
190Ir syn 11.8 d ε 2.000 190Os
191Ir 37.3% - (α) 2.0839 187Re
192Ir syn 73.827 d β 1.460 192Pt
ε 1.046 192Os
192m2Ir syn 241 y IT 0.161 192Ir
193Ir 62.7% - (α) 1.0173 189Re
193mIr syn 10.5 d IT 0.080 193Ir
194Ir syn 19.3 h β 2.247 194Pt
194m2Ir syn 171 d IT - 194Ir
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

This infobox is used for chemical elements. {{Infobox element}} is the core template.

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<ref name="CRC">{{cite book|...}}</ref>

add the full definition on both pages (best use copy-paste). In the article, they will merge nicely.

Hydrogen example[edit]

Atomic number 119 and above[edit]

When the atomic number is ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8). See for example {{infobox ununennium}}.

Subtemplates used[edit]

Isotopes[edit]

Isotopes subtemplates are to be entered by the editor:

Example from hydrogen:

| isotopes =
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable| mn=1 | sym=H | na=99.985% | n=0 | link=Hydrogen atom}}
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable| mn=2 | sym=H | na=0.015% | n=1 | link=Deuterium}}
{{Infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=3 | sym=H | na=[[Trace radioisotope|trace]] | hl=12.32 [[years|y]] | dm=[[beta minus decay|β<sup>−</sup>]] | de=0.01861 | link1=helium-3 | pn=3 | ps=He | link=Tritium}}

produces the subtable:

1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He

Other[edit]

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See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
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78PtI-bx E
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79AuI-bx E
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7 87FrI-bx E
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1 asterisk 104RfI-bx E
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105DbI-bx E
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1 asterisk 57LaI-bx E
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58CeI-bx E
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1 asterisk 89AcI-bx E
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