Template:Infobox military conflict/doc

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Usage[edit]

Battle of Lützen
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Battle of Lutzen
The Battle of Lützen by Carl Wahlbom shows the death of King Gustavus Adolphus on 16 November 1632.
Date 6 November (O.S.) or 16 November (N.S.), 1632
Location Near Lützen, southwest of Leipzig
(present-day Germany)

51°15′N 12°08′E / 51.250°N 12.133°E / 51.250; 12.133
Result Swedish Pyrrhic victory
Belligerents
Sweden Sweden
Protestant Union
 Holy Roman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Sweden Gustavus Adolphus 

Electorate of Saxony Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar
Sweden Robert Munro, 18th Baron of Foulis

Holy Roman Empire Albrecht von Wallenstein

Holy Roman Empire Count Gottfried zu Pappenheim (DOW)

Strength
12,800 infantry
6,200 cavalry
60 guns
10,000 infantry
7,000 cavalry, plus 3,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry on arrival
24 guns
Casualties and losses
3,400 dead and 1,600 wounded or missing Probably about the same as Swedish casualties

A military conflict infobox (sometimes referred to as a warbox) may be used to summarize information about a particular military conflict (a battle, campaign, war, or group of related wars) in a standard manner.

The infobox should be added using the {{infobox military conflict}} template, as shown below:

{{Infobox military conflict
| conflict    = 
| partof      = 
| image       = 
| caption     = 
| date        = 
| place       = 
| coordinates = 
| map_type    = 
| map_relief  = 
| latitude    = 
| longitude   = 
| map_size    = 
| map_marksize = 
| map_caption = 
| map_label   = 
| territory   = 
| result      = 
| status      = 
| combatants_header = 
| combatant1  = 
| combatant2  = 
| combatant3  = 
| commander1  = 
| commander2  = 
| commander3  = 
| units1      = 
| units2      = 
| units3      = 
| strength1   = 
| strength2   = 
| strength3   = 
| casualties1 = 
| casualties2 = 
| casualties3 = 
| notes       = 
| campaignbox = 
}}

Note: When using parameters, avoid the ambiguous abbreviation "N/A", and instead use "unknown" or "none". All subjective or qualitative judgements and numerical quantities or statistics must be cited to a reliable source (see WP:MILMOS#CITE).

Parameters[edit]

  • conflict – the name of the conflict being described (e.g. "Battle of Lützen" or "World War I").
  • partofoptional – the larger conflict containing the event described in the article. For battles or campaigns, this should be the war during which the event takes place; for particularly large wars, this may include a theatre (e.g. "the Eastern Front of World War II"). For wars, the parameter may be used to link to a larger group of wars (e.g. the Italian War of 1521–26 to the Italian Wars). It may be necessary to insert "the" before the name of the war for proper grammar.
  • imageoptional – an image for the warbox. The image must be given in the form [[File:Example.jpg|300px|alt=Example alt text]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.
  • captionoptional – the text to be placed below the image.
  • dateoptional – the date of the conflict described. Convention is to give the actual date for battles and the years for wars, but this does not always apply.
  • place – the location of the conflict. For conflicts covering a wide area, a general description (e.g. "France", or "Europe", or "Worldwide") may be used.
  • coordinatesoptional – the location of the structure, given as a coordinate pair by using {{coord}} with display=inline,title.
  • map_typeoptional – the base map to be used for the location map, e.g. "Scotland"; see {{location map}} for more details.
  • map_reliefoptional – "yes" if the location map is a relief map; see {{location map}} for more details.
  • latitudeoptional – latitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "56.81".
  • longitudeoptional – longitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "-2.68".
  • map_sizeoptional – width of the location map in pixels (px), e.g. "150"; defaults to: "220".
  • map_marksizeoptional – width of the location map marker in pixels (px), e.g. "10"; defaults to: "8".
  • map_captionoptional – caption displayed below the location map; defaults to "Location within {{{map_type}}}", e.g. "Location within Scotland".
  • map_labeloptional – the label placed next to the marker on the location map.
  • territoryoptional – any changes in territorial control as a result of the conflict; this should not be used for overly lengthy descriptions of the peace settlement.
  • resultoptional – this parameter may use one of several standard terms: "X victory", "Decisive X victory" or "Inconclusive". The choice of term should reflect what the sources say. In cases where the standard terms do not accurately describe the outcome, a link to the section of the article where the result is discussed in detail (such as "See the 'Aftermath' section") should be used instead of introducing non-standard terms like "marginal" or "tactical" or contradictory statements like "decisive tactical victory but strategic defeat". It is better to omit this parameter altogether than to engage in speculation about which side won or by how much.
  • statusoptional – for ongoing conflicts, the current status of the conflict. This should not be used if a final result (above) is provided.
  • combatants_headeroptional – sets the header text for the combatants section. Default is "Belligerents".
  • combatant1/combatant2/combatant3optional – the parties participating in the conflict. This is most commonly the countries whose forces took part in the conflict; however, larger groups (such as alliances or international organizations) or smaller ones (such as particular units, formations, or groups) may be indicated if doing so improves reader understanding. When there is a large number of participants, it may be better to list only the three or four major groups on each side of the conflict, and to describe the rest in the body of the article. The combatant3 field may be used if a conflict has three distinct "sides", and should be left blank on other articles. Combatants should be listed in order of importance to the conflict, be it in terms of military contribution, political clout, or a recognized chain of command. If differing metrics can support alternative lists, then ordering is left to the editors of the particular article.
    • combatant1a/combatant2a/combatant3aoptional – in cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, these subsidiary fields may be used to provide additional rows for the combatantN fields (above).
    • combatant1b/combatant2b/combatant3boptional – additional row, as above.
    • combatant1c/combatant2c/combatant3coptional – additional row, as above.
    • combatant1d/combatant2d/combatant3doptional – additional row, as above.
  • commander1/commander2/commander3optional – the commanders of the military forces involved. For battles, this should include military commanders (and other officers as necessary). For wars, only prominent or notable leaders should be listed, with an upper limit of about seven per combatant column recommended. Ranks and position titles should be omitted. The {{KIA}} and {{POW}} templates may be included immediately after the names of commanders who were killed in action or surrendered and were taken prisoner, respectively. The commander3 field can only be used if the combatant3 field is set.
  • units1/units2/units3optional – the units or formations involved. If a large number of distinct formations is present, it may be better to reference an order of battle in the body of the article than to include the entire list in this field. The units3 field can only be used if the combatant3 field is set.
  • strength1/strength2optional – the numerical strength of the units involved.
  • strength3optional – if combatant3 is set, this is a third strength field identical to the two above; if it is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total participation in a conflict is known.
  • casualties1/casualties2optional – casualties suffered, including dead, wounded, missing, captured, and civilian deaths. Terms such as "dead" (or "killed"), "wounded", or "captured" should be used in place of abbreviations such as "KIA" or "POW".
  • casualties3optional – if combatant3 is set, this is a third casualty field identical to the two above; if it is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total casualties of a conflict are known, or where civilian casualties cannot be directly attributed to either side.
  • notesoptional – optional field for further notes; this should only be used in exceptional circumstances.
  • campaignboxoptional – optional field for appending a campaignbox template to the bottom of the infobox, which allows both boxes to float as a single element (useful if there are subsequent left floating images, which would otherwise not be able to float above the campaign box); the template must be specified in the format {{Campaignbox XYZ}}.

Campaignboxes

One common type of navigational template in articles concerning conflicts, wars and related topics is the campaignbox template, intended to provide convenient navigation among articles on the battles in a campaign, front, theater or war (or, more rarely, among several campaigns or wars).

If the article includes an infobox, the campaignbox/es are usually placed immediately after it (i.e. just below it). If available, as with infoboxes such as {{Infobox military conflict}}, use the infobox's |campaignbox= parameter:

{{Infobox military conflict
...
}}
{{Campaignbox XXXX}}
or

{{Infobox military conflict ... | campaignbox = {{campaignbox XXXX}} }}

Articles may include multiple campaignboxes; typically, these are stacked under the infobox. The most common scenario occurs when two levels of campaignboxes are present – for example, an article about a battle can include both a campaignbox listing the battle itself and an "enclosing" campaignbox listing the campaign, theater or war during which the battle took place. Similarly, an article about a war can include both a campaignbox listing the war (among a series of wars) and a campaignbox for the war itself, listing the battles that took place during it.

Creating campaignboxes

Existing campaignboxes may be viewed through the Campaignbox template category to which campaignboxes are added automatically. If a new campaignbox becomes necessary, it should be named Template:Campaignbox XXXX (where XXXX is the (shortened) name of the campaign) and should use {{Campaignbox}} thus:

{{Campaignbox
| name = 
| title = 
| battles = 
| notes = 
}}
Parameters
name  
The name by which Wikipedia refers to the template, i.e. "Template:Campaignbox XXXX". This can be produced by using {{subst:PAGENAME}}.
title  
The name of the campaign or war, which, if an article about the campaign or war exists, should link to it. Dates should not be indicated unless needed for clarity. Note that long links may cause alignment problems; see the troubleshooting guide for more information.
battles 
A chronological list of battles and operations in the campaign, linked as [[Battle of YYYY|YYYY]]. A convenient and accessible way to separate the items in the list is to add | listclass = hlist and then use the standard * (asterisk)-based listing format.
notes  
(optional) Any explanatory notes needed to clarify the list. This option should be used sparingly.
(raw_name
(optional; deprecated) This parameter overrides the use of the title in determining the template name and exists for the sake of backward compatibility. When creating a new campaignbox, both title and name should be specified as above and this parameter omitted.

The following optional parameters are passed on to the templates {{Military navigation}} or {{Navbox}} used to create campaignboxes and so can affect their styling. See these two templates' documentation pages for further details.

state 
To set whether the campaignbox appears fully visible or collapsed (to titlebar only) when it is first presented by a page.
bodyclass 
CSS styling to affect the whole template.
listclass 
CSS styling to affect the list of battles, operations, etc (i.e. to affect |battles=).

The use of special formatting (such as bolding or changes in font size) in the list of battles – particularly to mark battles as "important" – is generally discouraged; while there are a few cases where such approaches may be both helpful to the reader and sufficiently well-sourced that they do not constitute original research, they are usually both unnecessary and potentially confusing. Similarly, dividing the list of battles into multiple blocks by inserting heading-like separations should be exceptional; if such a division is felt to be needed, a better solution may be to split the one campaignbox into two or more.

Operational plan box[edit]

Case Blue
Fall Blau
Operational scope Strategic offensive
Planned by Wehrmacht
Objective Capture the oil fields of the Caucasus
Date Began June 28, 1942 (1942-06-28)
Executed by Army Group South

An operational plan box may be used to describe a particular planned or executed military operation or attack. For operations that resulted in combat, it can be used as an auxiliary template to the military conflict infobox, if necessary; for other types of operations, including those that were planned but never executed, it may be used alone. In the case of conflicts that consisted of multiple independent operations, multiple copies of the box may be used on a single article.

The box should be added using the {{Infobox operational plan}} template, as shown below:

{{Infobox operational plan
| name        = 
| partof      =
| image       = 
| caption     = 
| scope       =
| type        =
| location    =
| coordinates = 
| map_type    = 
| latitude    = 
| longitude   = 
| map_size    = 
| map_caption = 
| map_label   = 
| planned     = 
| planned_by  = 
| objective   = 
| target      =
| date        = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD|df=y}} --> 
| time        =
| time-begin  =
| time-end    =
| timezone    =
| executed_by = 
| outcome     = 
| casualties  = 
| fatalities  =
| injuries    =
}}

Note: When using parameters, avoid the ambiguous abbreviation "N/A", and instead use "unknown" or "none". All subjective or qualitative judgements and numerical quantities or statistics must be cited to a reliable source (see WP:MILMOS#CITE).

  • name – the name of the operational plan; names in multiple languages may be provided.
  • partofoptional – the larger conflict containing the event described in the article.
  • imageoptional – an image. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px|alt=Example alt text]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.
  • captionoptional – the text to be placed below the image.
  • locationoptional – the location of the operation.
  • coordinatesoptional – the coordinates for the location above, given as {{coord}} with |display=inline,title.
  • map_typeoptional – the base map to be used for the location map, e.g. "Scotland"; see {{location map}} for more details.
  • latitudeoptional – latitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "56.81".
  • longitudeoptional – longitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "-2.68".
  • map_sizeoptional – width of the location map in pixels (px), e.g. "150"; defaults to: "220".
  • map_captionoptional – caption displayed below the location map; defaults to "Location within {{{map_type}}}", e.g. "Location within Scotland".
  • map_labeloptional – the label placed next to the marker on the location map.
  • scopeoptional – the scope of the operation, such as "Strategic", "Operational", or "Tactical".
  • typeoptional – as an alternative to the scope field above, the type of operation, such as "Suicide attack" or "Ambush".
  • plannedoptional – the date(s) on which the plan was developed.
  • planned_byoptional – the person or group responsible for developing the plan.
  • objectiveoptional – the objective(s) of the operation.
  • targetoptional – as an alternative to the objective field above, the target(s) of the operation.
  • dateoptional – the date(s), if any, on which the operation was executed. use {{Start date}} (and {{End date}} if required)
  • timeoptional – the time, if any, at which the operation was executed.
  • time-begin and time-endoptional – as an alternative to the time field above, the start and end times, respectively.
  • timezoneoptional – the timezone of the location of the operation; UTC+X, UTC-X, or UTC (i.e. offset from UTC) is preferred.
  • executed_byoptional – the people, groups, units, or formations responsible for executing the operation.
  • outcomeoptional – the outcome of the operation from the perspective of the planners.
  • casualtiesoptional – any casualties occurring during the execution of the operation.
  • fatalitiesoptional – as an alternative to the casualties field above, the number of fatalities occurring during the execution of the operation.
  • injuriesoptional – as an alternative to the casualties field above, the number of injuries occurring during the execution of the operation.

Microformat[edit]

The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat, which makes the event details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue article across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to a calendar or diary application. Within the hCalendar is a Geo microformat, which additionally makes the coordinates (latitude & longitude) parsable, so that they can be, say, looked up on a map, or downloaded to a GPS unit. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Dates will only be included if you use {{Start date}} or {{End date}} (use the former for single dates, but do not use any of these if the date is before 1583 CE). {{End date}} requires that a time be specified, but display of this time may be suppressed by adding |nodate=yes to the end.

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.

hCalendar uses HTML classes including:

  • attendee
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent

Geo is produced by calling {{coord}}, and uses HTML classes:

  • geo
  • latitude
  • longitude

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

When giving coordinates, please don't be overly precise.


TemplateData[edit]

Summarize information about a particular military conflict (a battle, campaign, war, or group of related wars).

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Status
Conflict conflict The name of the conflict being described. line empty required
Part of partof The larger conflict containing the event described in the article. wiki-page-name empty optional
Image image An image for the warbox given in the form [[File:Example.jpg|300px|alt=Example alt text]]. string empty optional
Caption caption The text to be placed below the image. string empty optional
Date date The date of the conflict described. Convention is to give the actual date for battles and the years for wars, but this does not always apply. string empty optional
Place place The location of the conflict. string empty required
Coordinates coordinates The location of the structure, given as a coordinate pair by using {{coord}} with display=inline,title. string empty optional
Map Type map_type The base map to be used for the location map, e.g. "Scotland"; see {{location map}} for more details. string empty optional
Map Relief map_relief "yes" if the location map is a relief map. string empty optional
Latitude latitude Latitude for placing the marker on the location map. number empty optional
Longitude longitude Longitude for placing the marker on the location map. number empty optional
Map Size map_size Width of the location map in pixels (px). number 220 optional
Map Marker Size map_marksize Width of the location map marker in pixels (px). number 8 optional
Map Caption map_caption Caption displayed below the location map. string Location within {{{map_type}}} optional
Map Label map_label The label placed next to the marker on the location map. line empty optional
Territory territory Any changes in territorial control as a result of the conflict; this should not be used for overly lengthy descriptions of the peace settlement. string empty optional
Result result this parameter may use one of several standard terms: "X victory", "Decisive X victory" or "Inconclusive". The choice of term should reflect what the sources say. In cases where the standard terms do not accurately describe the outcome, a link to the section of the article where the result is discussed in detail (such as "See the 'Aftermath' section") should be used instead of introducing non-standard terms like "marginal" or "tactical" or contradictory statements like "decisive tactical victory but strategic defeat". It is better to omit this parameter altogether than to engage in speculation about which side won or by how much. line empty optional
Status status For ongoing conflicts, the current status of the conflict. line empty optional
"Combatants" Header Text combatants_header Sets the header text for the combatants section. line Belligerents optional
Combatant 1 combatant1 A party participating in the conflict. string empty optional
Combatant 2 combatant2 A party participating in the conflict. string empty optional
Combatant 3 combatant3 A party participating in the conflict. (only if the conflict has three distinct "sides") string empty optional
Combatant 1a combatant1a In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 1 field. string empty optional
Combatant 2a combatant2a In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 2 field. string empty optional
Combatant 3a combatant3a In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 3 field. string empty optional
Combatant 1b combatant1b In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 1 field. string empty optional
Combatant 2b combatant2b In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 2 field. string empty optional
Combatant 3b combatant3b In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 3 field. string empty optional
Combatant 1c combatant1c In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 1 field. string empty optional
Combatant 2c combatant2c In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 2 field. string empty optional
Combatant 3c combatant3c In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 3 field. string empty optional
Combatant 1d combatant1d In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 1 field. string empty optional
Combatant 2d combatant2d In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 2 field. string empty optional
Combatant 3d combatant3d In cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, this field may be used to provide additional rows for the Combatant 3 field. string empty optional
Commander of Combatant 1 commander1 The commanders of the military forces of Combatant (1) involved. string empty optional
Commander of Combatant 2 commander2 The commanders of the military forces of Combatant 2 involved. string empty optional
Commander of Combatant 3 commander3 The commanders of the military forces of Combatant 3 involved. string empty optional
Units of Combatant 1 units1 The units or formations of Combatant 1 involved. If a large number of distinct formations is present, it may be better to reference an order of battle in the body of the article than to include the entire list in this field. string empty optional
Units of Combatant 2 units2 The units or formations of Combatant 2 involved. If a large number of distinct formations is present, it may be better to reference an order of battle in the body of the article than to include the entire list in this field. string empty optional
Units of Combatant 3 units3 The units or formations of Combatant 3 involved. If a large number of distinct formations is present, it may be better to reference an order of battle in the body of the article than to include the entire list in this field. string empty optional
Strength of Combatant 1 strength1 The numerical strength of Combatant 1. string empty optional
Strength of Combatant 2 strength2 The numerical strength of Combatant 2. string empty optional
Strength of Combatant 3 strength3 If Combatant 3 is set, this field is for the numerical strength of Combatant 3. If Combatant 3 is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total participation in a conflict is known. string empty optional
Casualties of Combatant 1 casualties1 Casualties suffered by Combatant 1, including dead, wounded, missing, captured, and civilian deaths. Terms such as "dead" (or "killed"), "wounded", or "captured" should be used in place of abbreviations such as "KIA" or "POW". string empty optional
Casualties of Combatant 2 casualties2 Casualties suffered by Combatant 2, including dead, wounded, missing, captured, and civilian deaths. Terms such as "dead" (or "killed"), "wounded", or "captured" should be used in place of abbreviations such as "KIA" or "POW". string empty optional
Casualties of Combatant 3 casualties3 If Combatant 3 is set, this field is for the casualties suffered by Combatant 3, including dead, wounded, missing, captured, and civilian deaths. Terms such as "dead" (or "killed"), "wounded", or "captured" should be used in place of abbreviations such as "KIA" or "POW". If combatant3 is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total casualties of a conflict are known, or where civilian casualties cannot be directly attributed to either side. string empty optional
Notes notes Optional field for further notes; this should only be used in exceptional circumstances. string empty optional
Campaignbox campaignbox Optional field for appending a campaignbox template to the bottom of the infobox, which allows both boxes to float as a single element (useful if there are subsequent left floating images, which would otherwise not be able to float above the campaign box); the template must be specified in the format {{Campaignbox XYZ}}. string empty optional

See also[edit]