Template:Infobox strontium

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Strontium
38Sr
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
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Potassium (alkali metal)
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Chromium (transition metal)
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Dysprosium (lanthanide)
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Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
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Radon (noble gas)
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Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
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Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Ca

Sr

Ba
rubidiumstrontiumyttrium
Strontium in the periodic table
Appearance
silvery white metallic
General properties
Name, symbol, number strontium, Sr, 38
Pronunciation /ˈstrɒnʃ(i)əm/
STRON-sh(ee)-əm;
/ˈstrɒntiəm/
STRON-tee-əm
Element category alkaline earth metal
Group, period, block 2 (alkaline earth metals), 5, s
Standard atomic weight 87.62
Electron configuration [Kr] 5s2
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
Physical properties
Phase solid
Density (near r.t.) 2.64 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 2.375 g·cm−3
Melting point 1050 K, 777 °C, 1431 °F
Boiling point 1650 K, 1377 °C, 2511 °F
Heat of fusion 7.43 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 141 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 26.4 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 796 882 990 1139 1345 1646
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 2, 1[1] (strongly basic oxide)
Electronegativity 0.95 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 549.5 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1064.2 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 4138 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 215 pm
Covalent radius 195±10 pm
Van der Waals radius 249 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
Strontium has a face-centered cubic crystal structure
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) 132 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 35.4 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (25 °C) 22.5 µm·m−1·K−1
Young's modulus 15.7 GPa
Shear modulus 6.03 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.28
Mohs hardness 1.5
CAS registry number 7440-24-6
History
Naming after the mineral strontianite, itself named after Strontian, Scotland
Discovery William Cruickshank (1787)
First isolation Humphry Davy (1808)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of strontium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
82Sr syn 25.36 d ε - 82Rb
83Sr syn 1.35 d ε - 83Rb
β+ 1.23 83Rb
γ 0.76, 0.36 -
84Sr 0.56% - β+β+ 1.7867 84Kr
85Sr syn 64.84 d ε - 85Rb
γ 0.514D -
86Sr 9.86% 86Sr is stable with 48 neutrons
87Sr 7.0% 87Sr is stable with 49 neutrons
88Sr 82.58% 88Sr is stable with 50 neutrons
89Sr syn 50.52 d ε 1.49 89Rb
β 0.909D 89Y
90Sr trace 28.90 y β 0.546 90Y
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Colarusso, P.; Guo, B.; Zhang, K.-Q.; Bernath, P.F. (1996). "High-Resolution Infrared Emission Spectrum of Strontium Monofluoride". J. Molecular Spectroscopy 175: 158. Bibcode:1996JMoSp.175..158C. doi:10.1006/jmsp.1996.0019. 
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

This infobox is used for chemical elements. {{Infobox element}} is the core template.

Parameters[edit]

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add the full definition on both pages (best use copy-paste). In the article, they will merge nicely.

Hydrogen example[edit]

Atomic number 119 and above[edit]

When the atomic number is ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8). See for example {{infobox ununennium}}.

Subtemplates used[edit]

Isotopes[edit]

Isotopes subtemplates are to be entered by the editor:

Example from hydrogen:

| isotopes =
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable| mn=1 | sym=H | na=99.985% | n=0 | link=Hydrogen atom}}
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable| mn=2 | sym=H | na=0.015% | n=1 | link=Deuterium}}
{{Infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=3 | sym=H | na=[[Trace radioisotope|trace]] | hl=12.32 [[years|y]] | dm=[[beta minus decay|β<sup>−</sup>]] | de=0.01861 | link1=helium-3 | pn=3 | ps=He | link=Tritium}}

produces the subtable:

1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He

Other[edit]

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See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
I-bx E
/s /t
2He
I-bx E
/s /t
2 3Li
I-bx E
/s /t
4Be
I-bx E
/s /t
5B
I-bx E
/s /t
6C
I-bx E
/s /t
7N
I-bx E
/s /t
8O
I-bx E
/s /t
9F
I-bx E
/s /t
10Ne
I-bx E
/s /t
3 11Na
I-bx E
/s /t
12Mg
I-bx E
/s /t
13Al
I-bx E
/s /t
14Si
I-bx E
/s /t
15P
I-bx E
/s /t
16S
I-bx E
/s /t
17Cl
I-bx E
/s /t
18Ar
I-bx E
/s /t
4 19K
I-bx E
/s /t
20Ca
I-bx E
/s /t
21Sc
I-bx E
/s /t
22Ti
I-bx E
/s /t
23V
I-bx E
/s /t
24Cr
I-bx E
/s /t
25Mn
I-bx E
/s /t
26Fe
I-bx E
/s /t
27Co
I-bx E
/s /t
28Ni
I-bx E
/s /t
29Cu
I-bx E
/s /t
30Zn
I-bx E
/s /t
31Ga
I-bx E
/s /t
32Ge
I-bx E
/s /t
33As
I-bx E
/s /t
34Se
I-bx E
/s /t
35Br
I-bx E
/s /t
36Kr
I-bx E
/s /t
5 37Rb
I-bx E
/s /t
38Sr
I-bx E
/s /t
39Y
I-bx E
/s /t
40Zr
I-bx E
/s /t
41Nb
I-bx E
/s /t
42Mo
I-bx E
/s /t
43Tc
I-bx E
/s /t
44Ru
I-bx E
/s /t
45Rh
I-bx E
/s /t
46Pd
I-bx E
/s /t
47Ag
I-bx E
/s /t
48Cd
I-bx E
/s /t
49In
I-bx E
/s /t
50Sn
I-bx E
/s /t
51Sb
I-bx E
/s /t
52Te
I-bx E
/s /t
53 I 
I-bx E
/s /t
54Xe
I-bx E
/s /t
6 55Cs
I-bx E
/s /t
56Ba
I-bx E
/s /t
1 asterisk 72Hf
I-bx E
/s /t
73Ta
I-bx E
/s /t
74W
I-bx E
/s /t
75Re
I-bx E
/s /t
76Os
I-bx E
/s /t
77Ir
I-bx E
/s /t
78Pt
I-bx E
/s /t
79Au
I-bx E
/s /t
80Hg
I-bx E
/s /t
81Tl
I-bx E
/s /t
82Pb
I-bx E
/s /t
83Bi
I-bx E
/s /t
84Po
I-bx E
/s /t
85At
I-bx E
/s /t
86Rn
I-bx E
/s /t
7 87Fr
I-bx E
/s /t
88Ra
I-bx E
/s /t
1 asterisk 104Rf
I-bx E
/s /t
105Db
I-bx E
/s /t
106Sg
I-bx E
/s /t
107Bh
I-bx E
/s /t
108Hs
I-bx E
/s /t
109Mt
I-bx E
/s /t
110Ds
I-bx E
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111Rg
I-bx E
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112Cn
I-bx E
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113Uut
I-bx E
/s /t
114Fl
I-bx E
/s /t
115Uup
I-bx E
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116Lv
I-bx E
/s /t
117Uus
I-bx E
/s /t
118Uuo
I-bx E
/s /t
1 asterisk 57La
I-bx E
/s /t
58Ce
I-bx E
/s /t
59Pr
I-bx E
/s /t
60Nd
I-bx E
/s /t
61Pm
I-bx E
/s /t
62Sm
I-bx E
/s /t
63Eu
I-bx E
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64Gd
I-bx E
/s /t
65Tb
I-bx E
/s /t
66Dy
I-bx E
/s /t
67Ho
I-bx E
/s /t
68Er
I-bx E
/s /t
69Tm
I-bx E
/s /t
70Yb
I-bx E
/s /t
71Lu
I-bx E
/s /t
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
I-bx E
/s /t
90Th
I-bx E
/s /t
91Pa
I-bx E
/s /t
92U
I-bx E
/s /t
93Np
I-bx E
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94Pu
I-bx E
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95Am
I-bx E
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96Cm
I-bx E
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97Bk
I-bx E
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98Cf
I-bx E
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99Es
I-bx E
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100Fm
I-bx E
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101Md
I-bx E
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102No
I-bx E
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103Lr
I-bx E
/s /t