Template:Infobox xenon/sandbox

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Xenon   54Xe
Xenon discharge tube.jpg
Vial containing a light blue glowing gas
Xenon Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of xenon
General properties
Name, symbol xenon, Xe
Pronunciation /ˈzɛnɒn/[1] or /ˈznɒn/[2]
ZEN-on or ZEE-non
Appearance colorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
Xenon in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Kr

Xe

Rn
iodinexenoncaesium
Atomic number 54
Standard atomic weight 131.293(6)
Element category noble gases
Group, period, block group 18 (noble gases), period 5, p-block
Electron configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
per shell: 2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Physical properties
Phase gas
Melting point 161.40 K ​(−111.75 °C, ​−169.15 °F)
Boiling point 165.051 K ​(−108.099 °C, ​−162.578 °F)
Density 5.894 g/L (at 0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
Liquid density at b.p.: 2.942 g·cm−3[3]
Triple point 161.405 K, ​81.77 kPa[4]
Critical point 289.733 K, 5.842 MPa[4]
Heat of fusion 2.27 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 12.64 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1

Vapor pressure

P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 83 92 103 117 137 165
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 ​(rarely more than 0; a weakly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.6 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 1170.4 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2046.4 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3099.4 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 140±9 pm
Van der Waals radius 216 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for xenon
Speed of sound liquid: 1090 m·s−1
gas: 169 m·s−1
Thermal conductivity 5.65×10−3 W·m−1·K−1
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[5]
CAS Number 7440-63-3
History
Discovery and first isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of xenon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
124Xe 0.095% >4.8×1016 y (β+β+) 0.825 124Te
125Xe syn 16.9 h ε 1.652 125I
126Xe 0.089% - (β+β+) 0.8973 126Te
127Xe syn 36.345 d ε 0.662 127I
128Xe 1.91% - (SF) <35.047
129Xe 26.4% - (SF) <33.947
130Xe 4.07% - (SF) <32.483
131Xe 21.2% - (SF) <31.140
132Xe 26.9% - (SF) <30.885
133Xe syn 5.247 d β 0.427 133Cs
134Xe 10.4% >1.1×1016 y (ββ) 2.864 134Ba
135Xe syn 9.14 h β 1.16 135Cs
136Xe 8.86% 2.11×1021 y[6] ββ 2.45783[7] 136Ba
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Simpson, J. A.; Weiner, E. S. C., eds. (1989). "Xenon". Oxford English Dictionary 20 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861232-X. 
  2. ^ "Xenon". Dictionary.com Unabridged. 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Xenon". Gas Encyclopedia. Air Liquide. 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4.123. ISBN 1439855110. 
  5. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  6. ^ Ackerman, N. et al. (2011). "Observation of Two-Neutrino Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with the EXO-200 Detector". Physical Review Letters 107 (21): 212501. arXiv:1108.4193. Bibcode:2011PhRvL.107u2501A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.212501. 
  7. ^ Redshaw, M.; Wingfield, E.; McDaniel, J.; Myers, E. (2007). "Mass and Double-Beta-Decay Q Value of 136Xe". Physical Review Letters 98 (5): 53003. Bibcode:2007PhRvL..98e3003R. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.053003.  edit
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{{Periodic table (32 columns, micro)}}
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References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. (1990). "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A 521: 1–400. Bibcode:1990NuPhA.521....1E. doi:10.1016/0375-9474(90)90598-G. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.

See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
2He
ibox E
2 3Li
ibox E
4Be
ibox E
5B
ibox E
6C
ibox E
7N
ibox E
8O
ibox E
9F
ibox E
10Ne
ibox E
3 11Na
ibox E
12Mg
ibox E
13Al
ibox E
14Si
ibox E
15P
ibox E
16S
ibox E
17Cl
ibox E
18Ar
ibox E
4 19K
ibox E
20Ca
ibox E
21Sc
ibox E
22Ti
ibox E
23V
ibox E
24Cr
ibox E
25Mn
ibox E
26Fe
ibox E
27Co
ibox E
28Ni
ibox E
29Cu
ibox E
30Zn
ibox E
31Ga
ibox E
32Ge
ibox E
33As
ibox E
34Se
ibox E
35Br
ibox E
36Kr
ibox E
5 37Rb
ibox E
38Sr
ibox E
39Y
ibox E
40Zr
ibox E
41Nb
ibox E
42Mo
ibox E
43Tc
ibox E
44Ru
ibox E
45Rh
ibox E
46Pd
ibox E
47Ag
ibox E
48Cd
ibox E
49In
ibox E
50Sn
ibox E
51Sb
ibox E
52Te
ibox E
53 I 
ibox E
54Xe
ibox E
6 55Cs
ibox E
56Ba
ibox E
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
73Ta
ibox E
74W
ibox E
75Re
ibox E
76Os
ibox E
77Ir
ibox E
78Pt
ibox E
79Au
ibox E
80Hg
ibox E
81Tl
ibox E
82Pb
ibox E
83Bi
ibox E
84Po
ibox E
85At
ibox E
86Rn
ibox E
7 87Fr
ibox E
88Ra
ibox E
1 asterisk 104Rf
ibox E
105Db
ibox E
106Sg
ibox E
107Bh
ibox E
108Hs
ibox E
109Mt
ibox E
110Ds
ibox E
111Rg
ibox E
112Cn
ibox E
113Uut
ibox E
114Fl
ibox E
115Uup
ibox E
116Lv
ibox E
117Uus
ibox E
118Uuo
ibox E
8 119Uue
ibox E
120Ubn
ibox E
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
58Ce
ibox E
59Pr
ibox E
60Nd
ibox E
61Pm
ibox E
62Sm
ibox E
63Eu
ibox E
64Gd
ibox E
65Tb
ibox E
66Dy
ibox E
67Ho
ibox E
68Er
ibox E
69Tm
ibox E
70Yb
ibox E
71Lu
ibox E
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
ibox E
90Th
ibox E
91Pa
ibox E
92U
ibox E
93Np
ibox E
94Pu
ibox E
95Am
ibox E
96Cm
ibox E
97Bk
ibox E
98Cf
ibox E
99Es
ibox E
100Fm
ibox E
101Md
ibox E
102No
ibox E
103Lr
ibox E
 
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