Template:See also

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This template is used to create hatnotes to point to a small number of other, related, titles at the top of article sections according to Wikipedia:Layout. It looks like this:

See also: Article

It is not for use in the "See also" section at the end of an article.

Usage

Basic usage
{{see also|page1|page2|page3|...}}
All parameters
{{see also
| page1 | page2 | page3 | ...
| label 1 = label 1 | label 2 = label2 | label 3 = label3 | ...
| l1 = label1 | l2 = label2 | l3 = label3 | ...
| selfref = yes
| category = no
}}

Parameters

  • 1, 2, 3, ... - the pages to link to. At least one page name is required. Categories and files are automatically escaped with the colon trick, and links to sections are automatically formatted as page § section, rather than the MediaWiki default of page#section.
  • label 1, label 2, label 3, ...; or l1, l2, l3, ...; optional labels for each of the pages to link to.
  • selfref - if set to "yes", "y", "true" or "1", adds the CSS class "selfref". This is used to denote self-references to Wikipedia. See Template:Selfref for more information.
  • category - if set to "no", "n", "false", or "0", suppresses the error tracking category (Category:Hatnote templates with errors). This only has an effect if the first positional parameter (the page to link to) is omitted.

Examples

Errors

If no page names are supplied, the template will output the following message:

  • Error: no page names specified (help).

If you see this error message, it is for one of four reasons:

  1. No parameters were specified (the template code was {{see also}}). Please use {{see also|page}} instead.
  2. Some parameters were specified, but no page names were included. For example, the template text {{see also|selfref=yes}} will produce this error. Please use (for example) {{see also|page|selfref=yes}} instead.
  3. A page name was specified, but it contains an equals sign ("="). The equals sign has a special meaning in template code, and because of this it cannot be used in template parameters that do not specify a parameter name. For example, the template code {{see also|1+1=2|2+2=4}} will produce this error. To work around this, you can specify the parameter name explictly by using 1=, 2, etc., before the page name, like this: {{see also|1=1+1=2|2=2+2=4}}.
  4. You tried to access Module:See also directly by using {{#invoke:see also|seealso|text}}. Use of #invoke in this way has been disabled for performance reasons. Please use {{see also|text}} instead.

If you see this error message and are unsure of what to do, please post a message on the help desk, and someone should be able to help you.

Pages that contain this error message are tracked in Category:Hatnote templates with errors.


Hatnote templates

For the full guideline on hatnotes, see Wikipedia:Hatnote.

Hatnotes must be at the very top of the page or section.

Generic hatnote

  • {{Hatnote|CUSTOM TEXT}}
    CUSTOM TEXT
{{Hatnote|For other senses of this term, see [[etc…]]}}
For other senses of this term, see etc…

If a link in a hatnote points to a disambiguation page, the link should include "(disambiguation)", even if that is a redirect. This indicates that the disambiguation link is intentional, and not an error (see WP:INTDABLINK):

Not {{hatnote|other uses|Springfield}}; but
{{hatnote|other uses|Springfield (disambiguation)}}, or
{{hatnote|other uses|Springfield (disambiguation)|Springfield}}

More pages on the same topic ("Further information ...")

"Main article: …"

{{Main}} is used to make summary style explicit, when used in a summary section for which there is also a separate article on the subject:

"For more details on …, see …"

{{Details}} can supplement {{Main}} in summary sections, or can indicate more details in nonsummary sections:

  • {{Details|PAGE1}}
    For more details on this topic, see PAGE1.
  • {{Details|PAGE1|TOPIC}}
    For more details on TOPIC, see PAGE1.

{{Details3}} allows changing the displayed name for links. Unlike {{Details}}, it requires bracketed link notation:

Alternatively, the {{!}} magic word can be used to change the displayed name for links:

"See also …"

Note: use only when OTHER TOPIC PAGE is related to current article and contains a self-explanatory parenthetical.

"Further information: …"

Other uses of the same title ("For …, see …")

"This page is about … For other uses …"

{{About}} is the main template for noting other uses.

Note. When used in main namespace, the word "page" in the following hatnotes is replaced by "article".

  • {{About|USE1}}
    This page is about USE1. For other uses, see See also (disambiguation).
  • {{About|USE1||PAGE2}} (When the disambiguation page has a different name – Note the empty second parameter) →
    This page is about USE1. For other uses, see PAGE2.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2}} (When there is only one other use) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|and|PAGE3}} (Two pages for USE2) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2 and PAGE3.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2#SUBSECTION{{!}}PAGE2TITLE}} (Using the {{!}} magic word to give the link a different title) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2TITLE.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4|USE5|PAGE5}} (When there are up to four other uses – You should generally create a disambiguation page at this point) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For USE4, see PAGE4. For USE5, see PAGE5.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses}} (When there are several standard other uses and also a disambiguation page with default name – Note that the last page name is not specified) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For other uses, see See also (disambiguation).
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses|PAGE4}} (When there are several standard other uses and also a disambiguation page with non-default name) →
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For other uses, see PAGE4.
  • {{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses|PAGE4|and}}
    This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For other uses, see PAGE4 and See also (disambiguation).
  • {{About||USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|other uses}} (When you don't need to state the focus of this article/page – Note the empty first parameter) →
    For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For other uses, see See also (disambiguation).
  • {{About|||PAGE1|and|PAGE2}}
    For other uses, see PAGE1 and PAGE2.
Note: {{for||PAGE1|PAGE2}} produces the same result.
Note: this hatnote says "section", instead of "article" or "page".

"This page is about … It is not to be confused with …"

{{About-distinguish}} is a template for noting other uses when there could be confusion with another topic.

"For …, see …"

{{For}} can be used instead of {{About}} so as not to display: This page is about USE1. but still specify a specific other use. This effect can also be achieved by using an empty first parameter in {{About}} as in:

For example: {{for|OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1}} is the same as {{About||OTHER TOPIC|PAGE1}} (note the empty first parameter).

However, it is somewhat clearer when using the {{For}} template, since the word "about" does not appear in the statement.

Variations
As with {{Other uses}}, there is a whole family of "for" templates. {{For2}} allows custom text, such as quotation marks or a link from part of the "CUSTOM TEXT"
  • {{For2|OTHER TOPIC|CUSTOM TEXT}}
    For OTHER TOPIC, see CUSTOM TEXT.

"For other uses, see …"

When such a wordy hatnote as {{About}} is not needed, {{Other uses}} is often useful.

Variations
There are, historically, a whole family of "other uses" templates for specific cases. {{About}} is the standard hatnote for "other uses" and many of them can be specified using the {{About}} template. However, the individual templates may be easier to use in certain contexts.
Here are the variations and (when appropriate) the equivalents using the {{About}}, {{Other uses}} or {{For}} templates.
Note: adds "(disambiguation)" to whatever is input as the PAGE1.
Note: {{Other uses|PAGE1 (disambiguation)}} produces the same result.
Note: same as {{about}}, except it forces a second use to be noted if unspecified by parameters.

"For other uses of …, see …"

"… redirects here. For other uses, see …"

  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For other uses, see REDIRECT (disambiguation).
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT||PAGE1}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For other uses, see PAGE1.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|and|PAGE2}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1 and PAGE2.
  • {{Redirect|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|and|PAGE3}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2 and PAGE3.
  • {{Redirect6|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For other uses, see REDIRECT (disambiguation).
  • {{Redirect6|REDIRECT|USE1|PAGE1||PAGE2}}
    "REDIRECT" redirects here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For other uses, see PAGE2.
Variations
  • For two sources:
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For other uses, see REDIRECT1 (disambiguation).
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE, see REDIRECT1 (disambiguation).
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2||PAGE1}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For other uses, see PAGE1.
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE|PAGE1}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE, see PAGE1.
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2.
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3.
    • {{Redirect2|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE1|PAGE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE1, see PAGE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For USE4, see PAGE4.
    • {{Redirect4|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For other uses, see REDIRECT1 (disambiguation) and REDIRECT2 (disambiguation).
    • {{Redirect4|REDIRECT1|REDIRECT2|USE|TEXT}}
      "REDIRECT1" and "REDIRECT2" redirect here. For USE, see TEXT.
  • For three sources:
  • To specify the text following "redirects here.":
    • {{Redirect3|REDIRECT|TEXT}} or {{Redirect text|REDIRECT|TEXT}}
      "REDIRECT" redirects here. TEXT.
    • {{Redirect-synonym|TERM|OTHER TOPIC}}
      "TERM" redirects here. TERM may also refer to OTHER TOPIC.
... Not to be confused with ...

Similar proper names ("For other people named ...")

Other people

Note: same as {{About}} except uses "other people" instead of "other uses" if only 1 parameter is used
Note: defaults to "named" as in {{Other people}}, exists for options like "nicknamed", "known as", etc.

Other places

Other ships

For articles on ships:

Distinguish

"Not to be confused with …"

"… redirects here. It is not to be confused with …"

"For technical reasons, … redirects here. For … , see … ."

Family names

Miscellaneous (hurricanes, Pope Stephen, Wiki selfref)

These hatnotes are topic-specific. They are documented at their template page.

Categories

Category-specific templates:

This is a template for linking categories horizontally. Horizontal linkage is often the right solution when vertical linkage (i.e., as sub-category and parent category) is not appropriate. In most cases, this template should be used on both categories to create reciprocal linkage between the two categories.

Lists

User pages

This is a Wikipedia user talk page. For other uses of TOPIC, see PAGE1.

Notes

These templates are used in thousands of articles; therefore, changing the syntax could break thousands of articles. If you wish to create or edit a disambiguation or redirection template, first ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Is there already a template that will do this job? Since many disambiguation and redirection templates have already been created, first check: Category:Disambiguation and redirection templates.
  2. Do I really need a new template for this? Will it likely be used on any other articles or should I just use {{Hatnote}} instead? Before creating a new template, see the template namespace guideline.
  3. If I change the parameters around on an existing template, do I know what the result will be? Will it break existing uses of the template and if so, can I fix all of the errors? Before making any changes, see Template sandbox and test cases.

See also