Template talk:Animalia

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Polypodiozoa[edit]

Should this be added to this template? Lavateraguy (talk) 16:55, 21 October 2010 (UTC)

This template badly needs citations. --24.5.147.203 (talk) 22:26, 21 April 2012 (UTC)

Citations and Updates[edit]

I was looking into these phylogenies, and I've found some recent review articles that could be cited, and which also suggest improvements to this template.

The first is a review article from 2011, [1], which has been fairly highly cited since then (98 times), which summarizes recent results and gives a 'consensus' phylogeny. I've copied the cladogram below. * means the node has 'broad consensus'. Overall it agrees well with what's in the template. Here are the places with important differences:

  • everything under Lophophorata is placed differently in the cladogram below (which has a new category 'Polyzoa')
  • everything under Xenacoelomorpha is placed differently in the cladogram below

Minor differences (probably can be left alone):

  • Chaetognatha is in Protostomia by article, but it falls easily into the 'disputed' category.
  • cladogram is a little more precise about the Panarthropoda

Also, there seems to be some confusion elsewhere over whether Lophotrochozoa and Spiralia are different. I have not understood the relation yet.



Choanozoa


Metazoa

Ctenophora



Calcarea



Silicea



Homoscleromorpha



Placozoa



Cnidaria


Bilateria


Xenoturbellida


Acoelomorpha

Nemertodermatida



Acoela




Nephrozoa*
Deuterostomia*
Chordata

Cephalochordata


Olfactores

Urochordata



Craniata (including Vertebrata)




Ambulacraria

Echinodermata



Hemichordata




Protostomia*

Chaetognatha


Ecdysozoa*
Nematozoa

Nematoda



Nematomorpha




Tardigrada




Onychophora



Arthropoda



Scalidophora

Priapulida



Loricifera



Kinorhyncha




Spiralia*
Polyzoa

Bryozoa




Entoprocta



Cycliophora




Trochozoa*

Annelida



Mollusca



Nemertea




Brachiopoda



Phoronida




Platyzoa*

Gastrotricha



Platyhelminthes


Gnathifera

Gnathostomulida



Micrognathozoa



Rotifera










I found another 2013 review article which attempts to describe current consensus on the more ancient metazoan divergences [2] from March 2013, cited 9 times since then. As you can read in the article, although this is the current consensus it is still somewhat uncertain. Probably the template's small amount of detail is enough, but in case we want more detail the cladogram is below. This would clarify the Mesozoa, Parazoa and Radiata in the template. I'm not sure if combining the two cladograms would count as 'original research', since how to do so is a tiny bit subjective.





Metazoa
Epitheliozoa

Bilateria


Cnidaria

Medusozoa



Anthozoa




Ctenophora



Placozoa



Porifera


Hexactinellida



Demospongiae





Calcarea



Homoscleromorpha






Choanoflagellata




Capsaspora




Ichthyosporea




Fungi



Finally, here is yet another article which confirms the the last two above [3] from April 2014, 2 non-self citations since then. It does have one difference: It groups the Ctenophora and Cnidaria together. Otherwise it looks identical. I did not find any other more relevant articles.

I will let this sit here until I have time to work on it again or read the articles more closely, and then maybe I'll update the template. Ahalda (talk) 20:07, 13 August 2014 (UTC)

I've updated it now.

Another issue I didn't notice before has to do with the monophyly of the panarthropoda/Cycloneuralia, and specifically whether tardigrada should be included in panarthropoda. The 2011 paper says this is still uncertain. Hwoever I found a 2014 review by the same author on panarthropoda[4], which says the best evidence suggests it is monophylic. Therefore I have left that part as it is. On the other hand, a different 2011 publication (including Edgecomb as author again) claims that Cycloneuralia is paraphyletic. [5] Therefore I have removed it. Ahalda (talk) 17:32, 14 August 2014 (UTC)

  1. ^ Edgecombe, Gregory D.; Giribet, Gonzalo; Dunn, Casey W.; Hejnol, Andreas; Kristensen, Reinhardt M.; Neves, Ricardo C.; Rouse, Greg W.; Worsaae, Katrine et al. (2011). "Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions.". Organisms, Diversirt and evolution. doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4. 
  2. ^ Dohrmann, Martin; Wörheide, Gert (2013). "Novel Scenarios of Early Animal Evolution—Is It Time to Rewrite Textbooks?". Integrative and Comparative Biology. doi:10.1093/icb/ict008. 
  3. ^ Shua, Degan; Isozakib, Yukio; Zhanga, Xingliang; Hana, Jan; Maruyamac, Shigenori (2014). "Birth and early evolution of metazoans". Gondwana Research. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2013.09.001. 
  4. ^ Edgecombe, Gregory D.; Legg, David A. (2014). "Origins and early evolution of arthropods". Palaeontology. doi:10.1111/pala.12105. 
  5. ^ Rota-Stabelli, Omar; Campbell, Lahcen; Brinkmann, Henner; Edgecombe, Gregory D.; Longhorn, Stuart J.; Peterson, Kevin J.; Pisani, Davide; Philippe, Hervé et al. (2011). "A congruent solution to arthropod phylogeny: phylogenomics, microRNAs and morphology support monophyletic Mandibulata". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0590.