Temple Lushington Moore
|Temple Lushington Moore|
7 June 1856|
|Died||30 June 1920
|Buildings||St Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate
All Saints Church, Stroud
Temple Lushington Moore (7 June 1856 – 30 June 1920) was an English architect who practised in London. He designed almost entirely in the Gothic Revival tradition, and his major works were related to churches – new churches, restorations, additions and alterations, and fittings and furniture. He did some work on domestic properties, and also designed memorial crosses.
Life and career
Temple Moore was born in Tullamore, County Offaly, Ireland, and was the son of an army officer. He was educated at Glasgow High School, then from 1872 privately by Revd Richard Wilton in Londesborough in the East Riding of Yorkshire. In 1875 he moved to London and was articled to architect George Gilbert Scott, Jr.. During his training he travelled in France, Germany and Belgium. Although Moore set up his own practice in 1878, he continued to work closely with Scott, helping to complete his works when Scott's health deteriorated. In 1884 he married Emma Storrs Wilton, the eldest daughter of Revd Wilton. Moore's pupils in his practice included Giles Gilbert Scott, son of George. In 1905 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Moore's only son, Richard, was articled to his father and it was expected that he would continue the practice. However he pre-deceased his father, being killed in 1918 when RMS Leinster was torpedoed and sunk. Temple Moore's son-in-law, Leslie Thomas Moore, joined the practice during the following year. Temple Moore died at his home in Hampstead in 1920, and was buried at St John's Church, Hampstead. His estate amounted to a little over £5,635 (£200,000 as of 2014). Leslie Moore continued the practice, completing some of Temple Moore's commissions.
Moore's main contributions to architecture were his churches; he designed about 40 new churches, and the cathedral in Nairobi. He also restored older churches, and made alterations and additions to others. In addition he designed fittings and items of furniture for the interiors of churches. In other fields, he designed and altered country houses, and other buildings including schools, vicarages, parish halls, a court house, and memorial and churchyard crosses.
Moore's career spanned the closing years of the Gothic Revival, but he developed the style rather than merely continuing it. In his entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography the author states that his "artistic destiny was not to preserve an attenuating tradition but to bring to maturity a development which otherwise would have remained incomplete", and also expresses the opinion that he was "England's leading ecclesiastical architect from the mid-Edwardian years". Of his work, the architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner said that he "is always sensitive in his designs and often interesting". Moore was an Anglican in the Anglo-Catholic tradition, which prefers its churches to have beautiful surroundings and fine fittings to enhance worship; Moore's designs reflect this.
The National Heritage List for England shows that at least 34 of Moore's new churches are designated as listed buildings. Two of these, St Wilfrid, Harrogate, and All Saints, Stroud, are listed at Grade I, and at least 16 of the others are at Grade II*.[a] For his secular works, Moore received praise from his contemporaries for remodelling South Hill Park in Berkshire, and for restoring the Treasurer's House and St William's College in York.
- List of new churches by Temple Moore
- List of church restorations and alterations by Temple Moore
- List of church fittings and furniture by Temple Moore
- List of miscellaneous works by Temple Moore
- There are three grades of listing. Grade I buildings are "of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important", Grade II* buildings are "particularly important buildings of more than special interest", and Grade II listing is given to "Buildings of national importance and special interest".
- Goodhart-Rendel, H. S.; (rev Geoffrey K. Brandwood) (2004), "Moore, Temple Lushington (1856–1920)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), retrieved 16 October 2012 ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
- Felstead, Alison; Franklin, Jonathan (2001), Brodie, Antonia, ed., Directory of British Architects, 1834–1914 2, Continuum International, pp. 204–205, ISBN 9780826455147, retrieved 16 October 2012
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- St. Michael and All Angels, Great Badminton (webpage), 19 July 2013
- Pevsner, Nicholas (1966), Yorkshire: The North Riding, Pevsner Architectural Guides, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 52, ISBN 0-300-09665-8, retrieved 16 October 2012
- Listed Buildings, English Heritage, retrieved 16 October 2012
- Brandwood, Geoffrey K.; Ellis, Tim (1997), Temple Moore: An Architect of the Late Gothic Revival, Stamford: Paul Watkins, ISBN 978-1900289030