Temple University School of Medicine

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Temple University School of Medicine
Temple University School of Medicine vertical logo.svg
Established 1901
Type State-related
Dean Larry R. Kaiser, MD, FACS
Academic staff 465
Students 750 MD
Location Philadelphia, PA, USA
Campus Urban
Website www.temple.edu/medicine
Seal

The Temple University School of Medicine (TUSM), located on the Health Science Campus of Temple University in Philadelphia, PA, is one of 7 schools of medicine in Pennsylvania conferring the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. It also confers the Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) and M.S. (Masters of Science) degrees in biomedical sciences.

The 2011 U.S. News & World Report medical school research ranking places Temple University School of Medicine 45th out of 133 M.D. and 29 D.O. medical schools in the U.S.;[1] also placing Temple University School of Medicine 3rd out of the 9 PA-based medical schools (University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine ranks 2nd, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine ranks 14th, Jefferson Medical College ranks 60th, and Drexel University College of Medicine ranks 90th. Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, and the Commonwealth Medical College remain unranked). The 2011 ranking marks an increase from 52nd in 2010. The 2011 U.S. News & World Report medical school ranking also places Temple University School of Medicine at 92nd in primary care. TUSM reported 9,624 applications in 2010 (class of 2014) for a class size of 210 students; 540 of the total 9,624 applications received acceptance, translating to a 5.61% acceptance rate.

History[edit]

Founded in 1901 as Pennsylvania’s first co-educational medical school, the institution has attained a national reputation for training humanistic and dedicated clinicians. The school was founded with the central principle that quality education should be afforded to everyone regardless of their ability to pay. In addition, the school has emphasized the development of humanitarianism; a value highlighted by Sir William Osler's quote, "The good physician treats the disease; the great physician treats the patient who has the disease." This quote is inscribed on one of the walls in the Medical Education and Research Building.

Notable alumni and pioneers[edit]

The school has been home to a number of renowned alumni and faculty, including:

  • W. Wayne Babcock M.D., inventor of the Babcock surgical forceps
  • Catherine L. Bacon, a leading expert in psychosomatic medicine
  • Harry E. Bacon, the first editor of theSKULL yearbook and Head of Division of Colorectal Surgery
  • W. Emory Burnett, an outstanding worker in thoracic and vascular surgery, performed the first human pneumonectomy in Philadelphia, and discovered a cure for explosive diarrhea.
  • W. Edward Chamberlain, a radiologist who developed contrast and cine radiological techniques with Temple associates. Their image intensifier in fluoroscopy made possible movie films, television viewing and three-dimensional effects in x-ray diagnosis.
  • Agnes Barr Chase, an accomplished artist and illustrator, she collaborated with her husband, Dr. Theodore L. Chase, in compiling an atlas of surgery.
  • Angelo DiGeorge M.D., a pediatrician who first described DiGeorge Syndrome as a practitioner at TUSM
  • Thomas Durant[disambiguation needed] MD, a notable contributor in specialties of electrocardiography, contrast visualization, and the dynamics of circulation and respiration. Dr. Durant also served as the Chair of the American Board of Internal Medicine and President of the American Federation for Clinical Research during his career.
  • O. Spurgeon English, a renowned psychiatrist who, with Dr. Edward Weiss at Temple, wrote a signal volume on psychosomatic medicine. A distinguished teacher and psychotherapist, he established clinics in child, adult and family mental health.
  • Temple S. Fay, a neurosurgeon who introduced the use of hypothermia in medical and surgical illnesses. He also developed rehabilitation procedures based upon analysis of phylogenetic movements.
  • Edward Goljan M.D., a well known physician among medical students for his development of medical licensing exam study materials.
  • Harriet L. Hartley, Professor of Hygiene and Public Health for 20 years (1924–44). She made major contributions to maternal and child health and environmental sanitation.
  • John Franklin Huber an eminent anatomist, distinguished for his delineation of the bronchopulmonary segments
  • Chevalier Jackson M.D., pioneer in the field of otolaryngology
  • Richard A. Kern, a pioneer allergist, medical leader, and statesman. As an expert in military and tropical medicine, he served as Chair of the Department of Medicine, and was a Trustee of Temple University and President of the American College of Physicians.
  • John A. Kolmer, a national leader in preventive medicine and public health, achieved wide recognition by his research in immunology, serodiagnosis and chemotherapy.
  • Frank H. Krusen, originator of the field of physical medicine, establishing the first such department in the US at Temple University Hospital (1929). He moved to the Mayo Clinic in 1935 and later returned to Temple, whose rehabilitation center bears his name.
  • Dawn B. Marks PhD, developer of innovative teaching techniques in biochemistry and molecular biology; grounding concepts in practical applications in clinical medicine. Her text, Review of Biochemistry (1990), has been translated into five languages and became the basis for a USMLE biochemistry board review book universally referenced by medical students preparing for the boards. She also wrote Basic Medical Biochemistry: A Clinical Approach (1996), and developed computer-based teaching programs. She was honored with numerous teaching awards throughout her career.
  • John Royal Moore, orthopedic surgeon, originated a technique of delayed reduction of fractures and gained wide recognition as both a practitioner and a teacher.
  • Harris M. Nagler, MD, FACS., Physician-in-Chief and Chief Medical Officer for Mount Sinai Beth Israel Health System in Manhattan, and Senior Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs of the Mount Sinai Health System and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai[2]
  • Waldo Nelson M.D., editor of the Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics
  • Hugo Roesler, a Vienna-trained cardiologist/electrocardiographer and author of one of the earliest books on cardiovascular imaging (1937).
  • Machteld Elisabeth Sano, a Belgian-trained clinical pathologist known for her research on tissue culture and use of fibrin glue for skin grafting.
  • Sol Sherry MD, revolutionized the treatment of acute MI through his pioneering work in thrombolytic therapy and trained many of today's leaders in the field of thrombosis and hemostasis. Dr. Sherry founded the Council on Thrombosis of the American Heart Association, International Council of Osmosis, and the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
  • Ernest A. Spiegel a neurologist who, together with Dr. Henry T. Wycis and others, devised stereoencephalotomy with stereotactic procedures for control of pain, tremor, and convulsive disorders.
  • Shirley Tilghman Ph.D., an alumnus of the School’s biochemistry department and first female president of Princeton University
  • Sidney Weinhouse headed the Fels Research Institute of Temple University and edited Cancer Research. Noted for investigations of biochemical mechanisms and properties of cancer cells, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
  • Joseph Wolpe M.D., psychiatrist and father of behavioral modification therapy
  • Bernard T. Mittemeyer M.D., former Surgeon General of the United States Army

Medical education[edit]

The education of medical students at Temple University School of Medicine includes a solid foundation in the fundamentals of basic and clinical science. The first two years are taught in an integrated approach, closely tying basic science concepts to clinical medicine, professionalism and medical ethics. The clinical years are marked by extensive hands-on experience in caring for patients. The William Maul Measey Institute for Clinical Simulation and Patient Safety allows students to learn basic clinical skills and teamwork in a safe learning environment throughout the curriculum. Thus, graduates are exceptionally well prepared to pursue residency training.

Year 1[edit]

The major goal of Year 1 is normal structure, function and development. The year is divided into six blocks:

  • Human Gross Anatomy
  • Elements of Bioscience
  • Body Systems 1
  • Body Systems 2
  • Body Systems 3
  • Basic Principles of Immunology, Pathology and Pharmacology

A doctoring course running throughout the curriculum enables students to learn the basics of history-taking, physical exam skills and professionalism. The course uses clinical cases to integrate the teaching and evaluation of clinical skills with the basic science concepts in each of the blocks, and utilizes the William Maul Measey Institute for Clinical Simulation and Patient Safety to aid learning through interactive clinical scenarios. Faculty preceptors provide individualized mentoring and career advising.

Year 2[edit]

Year 2 focuses on the causes, mechanisms, identification and treatment of major human diseases. The second year is divided into 5 blocks:

  • Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
  • Diseases of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
  • Diseases of the Renal, Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
  • Diseases of the Central Nervous and Musculoskeletal Systems
  • Diseases of the Gastrointestinal System, Hematology and Oncology

The Doctoring 2 course enables students to practice and improve their clinical skills and professionalism through closely supervised rotations in both ambulatory and hospital settings.

Year 3[edit]

During Year 3, beginning in mid-May of the second year, students rotate through core clerkships in:

  • Family Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Surgery
  • Elective (clinical, research or academic)

The third year Doctoring course emphasizes career advising, evidence-based medicine, professionalism and clinical decision-making.

Year 4[edit]

In Year 4, beginning in May of the third year, students can focus on areas of interest through a large variety of electives as well as enhance their clinical skills through sub-internships in medicine, emergency medicine, and radiology. Additionally, students are provided opportunities for two of the following electives: multiple surgical subspecialties, intensive care sub-internship, and a second elective sub-internship.

Clinical campuses[edit]

Temple offers the unique opportunity to perform third and fourth year clerkship rotations at a wide array of Pennsylvania-based clinical campuses.

Branch campuses[edit]

In response to the increasing demand for dedicated U.S. and Pennsylvania physicians, Temple University School of Medicine has begun establishment of branch campuses in varying Pennsylvania locations. These regional campuses will provide the same basic science courses offered at the main Philadelphia campus, however will be based in separate cities.

Revitalization and reconstruction[edit]

Under the leadership of Dean John Daly, M.D., alumnus of the class of 1973, TUSM underwent revitalization. The institution hired 262 new professors in 4 years; added clinical and basic science departments; and completely revamped the medical curriculum to meet changing educational paradigms.

Additionally, on November 1, 2007, TUSM broke ground on a new home. At a projected cost of $160 million, the project is the largest capital improvement project in the history of Temple University. The new building, an 11-story, glass and brick structure designed by Philadelphia-based architecture and engineering firm Ballinger, opened in May 2009. Notable features include: a modern anatomy laboratory with computers and high definition LCD screens on articulating arms; a fully interactive patient simulation center with simulated doctor offices, emergency medicine department, and surgical apparatuses as well as a staff of simulated patient actors, simulated patient mannequins, and full-time instructing physicians; and a 24-hour, 50,000 sq. foot library with individualized study rooms containing high definition televisions with multimedia and wireless accessibility.

The new medical education building also features a wide array of attributes designed to lower stress of its faculty, staff, and students. Examples include: a classical grand piano on the third floor; a medical student lounge with cable, high definition television; and a three story atrium/commons area containing armchairs and medical art.

Temple University Hospital[edit]

Temple University Hospital (TUH), in Philadelphia, is a premier academic medical center in the United States. It is the chief clinical training site for the Temple University School of Medicine. The hospital has a 746-bed capacity that offers comprehensive inpatient and outpatient services to the surrounding community, and highly specialized tertiary services in the Delaware Valley.[3]

In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed Temple University Hospital as number 10 on the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $5.9 billion in gross revenue.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 40°00′17″N 75°09′08″W / 40.00475°N 75.152226°W / 40.00475; -75.152226